Table of contents:
- 1. Ageratum
- 2. Narrow-leaved lavender
- 3. Peppermint
- 4. Melissa officinalis (lemon mint)
- 5. Catnip cat, or catnip
- 6. Lemon monard
- 7. Swamp mint, or Ombalo
- 8. Salvia officinalis
- 9. Ceylon citronella, or lemon grass
- 10. Sweet basil, or camphor basil
- 11. Lemon verbena
- 12. Marigolds
- 13. Wormwood bitter
- 14. Pontic wormwood
- 15. Common tansy
Even the most sincere warm evening in the country can be spoiled by annoying mosquitoes - invariable companions of summer suburban life. The chemical industry has come up with hundreds of mosquito repellents. To one degree or another, they are all effective, but they have significant drawbacks - they are toxic to varying degrees, cause allergies, and in most cases are contraindicated for young children.
However, nature itself, having created mosquitoes (they are an important part of the food chain), also made sure that they did not interfere with our lives. To do this, in her arsenal there are many plants that repel insects with their smell. In this publication we will tell you about the 15 most effective plants - "mosquito repellent", which can be successfully grown even in the middle lane.
Many commercial mosquito repellents use coumarin, a substance secreted by the annual ageratum plant. Delicate decorative bushes of small sizes will decorate your flower beds (today varieties have already been bred not only with blue, but also with pink, white and lilac flowers) and will become reliable protection against annoying insects. However, do not rub the skin with ageratum leaves and flowers. This can cause allergies. It is enough just to plant a flower (or better, not one) in the sun or in partial shade. Ageratum is not a picky plant, it is content with poor soils.
2. Narrow-leaved lavender
A very beautiful perennial plant with needle-like leaves and delicate white, pink, blue or purple flowers. Narrow-leaved lavender winters well in the middle lane, is unpretentious in care, grows on poor soils and does not require watering. Lavender bushes are ideal in group plantings and can also be grown in containers. A person can feel the pleasant smell of this plant only by touching it or cutting off the branches. But mosquitoes are more sensitive to its scent and find it disgusting for themselves. It was noticed that mosquitoes do not fly in the immediate vicinity of lavender plantings (meter and a half).
The well-known peppermint - a fragrant perennial up to 80 cm high - is one of the most popular medicinal plants grown in our gardens. It is also widely used in cooking and cosmetology. For a long time, our ancestors planted peppermint near windows and front doors to the house, in particular, and due to the fact that this plant repels mosquitoes well. The strongest menthol aroma comes from peppermint, which grows on the loose fertile soils of the sunny corners of the garden. But it can grow in the shade, however, it smells, and accordingly, it will be weaker to scare away mosquitoes.
4. Melissa officinalis (lemon mint)
Outwardly, lemon balm is not very different from mint - it has a branched stem and grows slightly higher in height. But its main difference is the smell. Melissa officinalis has a strong spicy aroma with light hints of lemon. But like the menthol scent of peppermint, it is a great mosquito repellent. Melissa is ideal for sunny locations on your site. It can also grow in partial shade.
5. Catnip cat, or catnip
One of the benefits of this mint is that it grows like a weed, by itself. That is, it does not require any maintenance. However, many gardeners consider catnip to be a weed. But we must give him his due: he does an excellent job of repelling mosquitoes. If you decide to rub your skin with the leaves or flowers of this plant for reliability, be careful - all the cats in the area will show increased attention to you, because they just love catnip! This is due to the substance nepetalactone, for which this plant is rich. It is also the source of the lemon flavor characteristic of this mint variety.
6. Lemon monard
Monarda lemon belongs to the same family as peppermint. But, unlike her, this is an annual plant. By the way, the only one-year-old in the monard family. Its leaves and flowers contain essential oils that repel insects, including mosquitoes. And lemon monarda can be easily attributed to annual giants. Indeed, in just one season, it reaches 120 cm in height. Loves well-lit areas with loose, fertile soil.
7. Swamp mint, or Ombalo
Perennial plant of the genus Mint, reaching a height of 20-40 cm. By its appearance, it is easy to distinguish it from other types of mint with its compact size and creeping shape. It does not possess the winter hardiness characteristic of most relatives, therefore, in central Russia, flea mint (another name for the plant) is grown as an annual. An invariable ingredient in Georgian tkemali sauce and a good natural insect repellent. Not only mosquitoes, but also flies, fleas and moths.
8. Salvia officinalis
This plant Hippocrates called "sacred herb". Its use in medicine is so widespread today that it seems that there are much fewer diseases that it does not cure than those that it does. Hippocrates did not write anything about the properties of sage to scare away mosquitoes (at least we do not know about this), but in gardening it was noticed long ago that mosquitoes do not favor planting medicinal sage. More precisely, its tart aroma does not allow insects to detect the smell of a person who is next to the plant. Salvia officinalis is a perennial plant. In one place it grows without transplant for 8 years. Loves soil of neutral acidity and good illumination.
9. Ceylon citronella, or lemon grass
Ceylon citronella oils are often used to create mosquito repellents. The plant has a very strong lemon scent, which also does not so much scare away mosquitoes as does not allow these insects to smell the person nearby. Lemon grass is a perennial grass with a low level of winter hardiness. That is, in a temperate climate, it can be grown only as a tub culture, bringing the pot into the house or greenhouse together with the first significant cold snaps.
10. Sweet basil, or camphor basil
An annual herb that almost everyone on Earth knows as a kitchen spice. But few people know that the essential oil of this plant has been used in medicine for many years. For example, it is part of the well-known "Bronholitin" (it is prescribed for coughing). The name itself, "camphor basil", speaks of what substance this herb is rich in. Camphor repels ants, moths and mosquitoes.
11. Lemon verbena
An evergreen shrub with a large crown. It is popularly considered a magical plant that can protect against the evil eye and damage. But today, of course, it is used more in cooking, cosmetology and medicine than in the rites of white magic. It has a pleasant smell that mosquitoes do not want to be friends with. It also scares away other insects - a dried verbena twig is often put in a closet as a prophylaxis against moths.
Bright and variegated marigolds are traditionally used in our flower beds. Very often they can be seen in the beds. Adherents of organic farming claim that these annuals effectively protect cultivated plants from many harmful insects and other pests. Their smell is so rich and specific that it scares away not only mosquitoes, but also some people who simply cannot stand it. But in vain, because these are amazingly decorative and unpretentious flowers.
13. Wormwood bitter
Another grass with a very persistent specific odor that mosquitoes do not like. Bitter wormwood is a perennial herb of silvery color, reaching up to 1.5 meters in height. One of the oldest medicinal plants known to mankind. Grows freely on forest edges, along roads, in neglected areas. Cultivated commercially for the essential oil. In the garden and vegetable garden it is often found as a weed. However, many gardeners today, in order not to follow her into the forest, grow wormwood specially in their area. In addition to its medicinal properties, it protects cultivated species from many pests and diseases.
14. Pontic wormwood
Unlike wormwood, this plant is very decorative. Therefore, it can often be found in gardens as an element of various landscape compositions. Also commonly used in medicine and as a natural mosquito repellent.
15. Common tansy
Perennial herb of forest and forest-steppe zones. It quickly infests cultivated meadows and pastures, therefore, it is necessary to grow tansy in the garden very carefully. This poisonous plant is often used in folk medicine for the treatment and prevention of various ailments. Has a characteristic pungent odor that repels mosquitoes.
So far, we have everything about plants - "mosquito repellents". If you know others, write about them in the comments or on our Forum. We will be very grateful!