Diet Meat, Eggs, And Garden Pest Enemies Are All About Guinea Fowls. Benefits, Breeds, Content. Photo

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Diet Meat, Eggs, And Garden Pest Enemies Are All About Guinea Fowls. Benefits, Breeds, Content. Photo
Diet Meat, Eggs, And Garden Pest Enemies Are All About Guinea Fowls. Benefits, Breeds, Content. Photo

Video: Diet Meat, Eggs, And Garden Pest Enemies Are All About Guinea Fowls. Benefits, Breeds, Content. Photo

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It is believed that the guinea fowl was named that way because they behave and look royally. But they are not only beautiful, their meat and eggs are tasty and healthy products. Unlike chickens, guinea fowls are more "wild" - they make a loud noise if strangers enter the barn or walk. Frightened birds run fast, can jump up to 3 m! But they remember their owners and get along with them. Africa is considered the birthplace of domestic guinea fowls. In Europe, initially guinea fowls were kept as an ornamental bird until their food value was recognized. Today, domesticated guinea fowls are bred all over the world. In this article we will tell you how to keep guinea fowl in your yard.

Diet meat, eggs and garden pest enemies are all about guinea fowls
Diet meat, eggs and garden pest enemies are all about guinea fowls

Content:

  • Benefits of guinea fowl as poultry
  • Guinea fowl breeds
  • How to feed the guinea fowl?
  • Feeding the young
  • Where to keep the guinea fowl?

Benefits of guinea fowl as poultry

Guinea fowl meat contains less fat than chicken meat, but it contains more useful microelements. It is also hypoallergenic, so it is suitable for almost everyone.

As experienced breeders say, these birds hardly get sick, they have excellent immunity. Therefore, they do not introduce any special additives, and even more so antibiotics, into the diet of guinea fowls. Guinea fowl are picky about food and maintenance, so they are great for beginners.

Guinea fowls are about 3 times smaller than broiler chickens. Therefore, the meat of these "royal" birds on the market costs 3 times more than chicken. But at present, the demand for it and for guinea fowl eggs exceeds the supply, so breeding these birds is profitable not only for yourself, but also for sale.

Guinea fowl eggs are slightly smaller than chicken eggs, light brown in color with a very strong shell. They are transported much better than chicken ones, and they can be stored at temperatures up to +10 degrees for up to six months.

Guinea fowls are bred not only for the sake of meat and eggs, these poultry love to feast on plant pests - slugs, aphids, ants and even the Colorado potato beetle! Many country farms in the United States keep guinea fowl, because they actively eat ixodid ticks, which occupy lawns in summer.

Yes, guinea fowls are very noisy, but there is undoubted benefit in their cry. It scares away rodents. Therefore, not only will you not have mice and rats on the site, but also on the neighboring ones. And if any rodent falls to the guinea fowl, they will eat it. These birds are not at all harmless. If a sparrow flies into the pen for guinea fowls, soon there will be almost nothing left of this poor fellow, the guinea fowls will have dinner with them.

Guinea fowl breeds

To date, breeds of guinea fowls have been bred, which are not only beautiful, but also gain sufficient weight. It:

  • "White Siberian" is an egg breed of guinea fowl. Females with white feathers weighing 2 kg lay 110 or more eggs per year. Representatives of this breed tolerate low temperatures well, generally they are somewhat quieter than other breeds.
  • "Speckled-gray" - has just such a color, the neck is a monochrome gray-blue, the head is white-gray-red, devoid of plumage. Females lay about 90 eggs per year. Representatives of this breed are especially picky about food.
  • "Suede" - these birds are not very large, they lay about 80 eggs a year, and they do it even in harsh climatic conditions. Suede guinea fowls have light plumage and belong to egg breeds. They produce about 140 large, thick-shell eggs per year. But these females lack the hatching instinct.
  • The “blue” breed is a guinea fowl with beautiful blue-gray plumage. Females lay 150 eggs per year, starting at eight months. The average weight of laying hens is 2 kg, and that of males is 1.8 kg. Representatives of this breed adapt well to different climatic conditions and quickly gain weight.

If you want to breed guinea fowls (get new chicks from eggs), then there should be one male for 4-5 females. And if you just want to have eggs for food and meat, then the male is not needed.

If you then sell slaughtered game, it is better to breed light-plated guinea fowls, as they have a more presentable carcass than birds with dark feathers. But still, the meat of guinea fowl is darker than that of chickens, but it is more tasty and healthy.

Guinea fowl "White Siberian"
Guinea fowl "White Siberian"
Guinea fowl "Speckled-gray"
Guinea fowl "Speckled-gray"
Guinea fowl "Blue"
Guinea fowl "Blue"

How to feed the guinea fowl?

Experienced breeders claim that they do not spend a lot of money on breeding these birds. Often they are fed with food that they prepare themselves. For example, they mix wheat, barley and corn, all this is ground and given to the birds. But since in the wild, guinea fowls eat worm beetles, you need to either provide them with free range for food, or add such protein food to their diet.

In the summer, many farmers release guinea fowl on their potato plantations. These smart birds only eat pests, and leave potato bushes untouched. A very eco-friendly and beneficial method of dealing with the Colorado potato beetle!

In the cold season, when guinea fowls are not able to look for additional food on the run, their diet may include per day for one bird:

  • barley - 40 g;
  • oats - 40 g;
  • wheat cake - 40 g;
  • dry corn kernels - 40 g;
  • root vegetables - 40 g;
  • meat and bone or fish dust - 10 g;
  • dry grass - 50 g;
  • fish oil - 6 g;
  • nutritional yeast - 6 g;
  • needles - 30 g;
  • salt - 0.6 g

Dry components are pre-crushed. Root crops also need to be finely chopped. All this is mixed, the rest of the ingredients are added. The mash is ready. Guinea fowl food is put in narrow wooden troughs.

Adults are fed 3 times a day. In the morning and at lunchtime they make a mash, and in the evening they give grain feed. One guinea fowl will need about 36 kg of grain per year. When warmth comes, females need to prepare for egg-laying. Then they are additionally given chalk, green food.

Guinea fowls can also be fed with compound feed. Combined feed is suitable for laying hens or broilers. But due to its high cost, it is usually either mixed with grain or given only once a day.

In the spring, with the onset of warmth, these birds can spend most of the day walking. They gladly eat grass, various small animals living in it. You won't have to mow this lawn, these birds are very active in eating grass, practically - they cut it.

Guinea fowls gladly eat grass, various small animals living in it
Guinea fowls gladly eat grass, various small animals living in it

Feeding the young

If you decide to buy daily guinea fowls, then they have their own approaches to nutrition. During the first three days, they are given chopped boiled chicken egg and soaked in milk, and then squeezed bread. From the second day, cereals, cottage cheese, chopped greens are introduced into the diet of birds.

This is what the diet of these birds consists of from three days of age to 4 months:

  • Wheat flour;
  • ground corn;
  • wheat cake;
  • millet seeds;
  • peeled oat flour;
  • grass;
  • fish dust.

Also, young guinea fowls are given a mash of sour milk, boiled eggs, hay, lettuce and a small amount of nutritional yeast.

When the young are 4 months old, they begin to feed them with a mash of peeled wheat or oat flour and root crops. But usually, even without this additional nutrition, guinea fowls by the age of four months, with good care, gain sufficient weight, some specimens go to slaughter at this time. You can buy guinea fowls in late spring and fatten them over the summer to get valuable meat in the fall.

Adult and small birds should always have water available, as well as crushed shell rock, chalk, sand. They are also given heat-treated crushed eggshells.

Chicks up to two weeks of age are fed 5 times a day, up to the age of 1 month - 4 times a day, then 3 times.

Guinea fowl can be kept in a regular barn, in which you will need to lay generously with hay
Guinea fowl can be kept in a regular barn, in which you will need to lay generously with hay

Where to keep the guinea fowl?

If you decide to breed guinea fowls in the country, and you have a small plot, then you should consider that these birds are very noisy. They talk loudly among themselves, especially if they sense a potential danger. If the neighbors do not mind such noise, then you can breed these birds in small areas. But it is better to make a corral and a barn away from the houses of people living nearby.

Guinea fowls should have a warm enclosed space, where they will be in the cold season, at night and in rainy summer weather. This may be an ordinary barn in which you will need to lay generously with hay.

When the guinea fowls begin to lay, it is necessary to collect the eggs on time. Since these birds have a very weak maternal instinct, they are shy and may not rush in the designated places, but do it anywhere in the barn.

You can take two sheets of plywood, put them on the floor and join them at the top to make it look like a hut. Guinea fowls, for sure, will rush inside this cozy "wigwam".

When you envisage walking, do not forget that these shy birds, sensing danger, can fly over a barrier up to 3 m high.You can arrange a 1.5 m high enclosure for guinea fowls, and cover it with a net on top. Or construct only the sidewalls of the same material, and simply carefully trim the wings of the birds so that they do not fly over this fence.

Dear Readers! In general, the content of guinea fowls is not much different from the content of their congeners, for example, egg chickens. If you decide to breed these noisy, but amazing birds, you will be able to see from your own experience that they have very strong immunity, these birds can live even in relatively cool conditions, and dietary meat and eggs are beyond praise!

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