Video: Winter Sowing Of Vegetable Seeds And Green Crops. Good Advice. Video
Hello dear gardeners, gardeners and flower growers! Outside the window, November is the time for winter crops.
Basically, after all, in the garden, of course, we plant green and root crops. These are beets, and carrots, and parsley, and dill, and lovage, and sorrel. Lots of cultures. Salads! There are tons of crops that we can plant now in order to get a very early harvest. Well, what does a very early harvest mean? This is 2 or even 3 weeks earlier than we will sow seeds in the spring. So this is a big difference. We do not have to carry carrots from the store from the city, but we will already have our own in the beds.
So, in order to sow now, we must wait for good weather, plus weather, when the soil temperature is above zero and it will be possible to work with it normally. Only then we start sowing. What, first of all, should we do now? Well, I think that you have the beds for winter crops ready. If not, then please prepare.
Be sure to add well-ripened organic matter there. And if necessary, sand, peat. It depends on what kind of soil you have on the site. But be sure to add fertilizer. After digging up the soil, we must level it, grind it so that it is small.
Think about the acidity of the soil. If your soil is acidic, be sure to add deoxidizing materials, be sure. This is dolomite flour, deoxidizing agent, chalk - it doesn't matter. But be sure, after checking, making sure what acidity, Ph, yes, with litmus strips, you add the required amount of these materials. Only then will these crops, which I have mentioned, grow remarkably and give an excellent harvest.
So we prepared the ground. It is necessary to tamp it a little. What does tamp down mean? Turn on the Russian to dance - no. And simply take a jar or a log and, having previously leveled it with a rake, then simply roll the surface with a jar, there, say, a five-liter, or a log. Roll it in so that the soil is denser.
Then we make grooves. We make grooves at a distance, for almost all crops that you see here, we make grooves with a depth of about 3, in extreme cases, 2.5 cm. This can be taken with a rack, it can, for example, be done with a scoop. These are the grooves.
The distance is not less than the width of the hoe in your area. Do you have any choppers? Just measure it - about 15 cm, no less. Because we will need to carry out mechanical work in terms of removing weeds, loosening the soil, so the hoe just, easily passed between these rows. Then they took river sand, sprinkled these grooves, about 0.5 cm in height. Exactly so sprinkled.
I'm not going to sprinkle everything - I'll just show you how easy and simple to do it. That's how they sprinkled it. It is desirable that the sand is dry, so that it occupies these voids that we have formed. And again, with some kind of rack, or with what you will do it, they compacted. The sand was compacted. Only after that we start sowing seeds.
Well, let's say let's take a beet. We plant beets, knowing that the diameter of the beets can be 7-10 cm, after about 5-7 cm we sow seeds with the expectation that the beets will grow, and if it is cramped, then it will move a little. from a friend and will take its normal position. Too often - this is wrong, because the roots will be small, too rarely if you sow seeds, then in this case we will not collect the harvest that we, as it were, are planning.
So, open a bag of seeds. We take out the seeds. Dear ones, please do not forget: when planting in autumn, when sowing in autumn, we sow only dry seeds. Please don't forget about that. Here, look, our seeds are wonderfully processed beets and we plant them one by one. These seeds are beautiful, smart, well processed. And even if they had not been processed, we still sow with dry seeds. Try evenly. Well, if somewhere suddenly a little more often, a little less often - it's okay.
It is clear that we sow large seeds with you individually, we can interfere with small seeds with a small amount of sand. Well, let's say, take 5 times more sand than the volume of seeds. And even 10 times - it's okay. This is how we distributed the seeds. Then they took a good, loose soil, nutritious, took it and sprinkled it like this. And sprinkled it.
You either have your own soil from the garden, or you can even buy a pretty vermicompost, for example, biopergic. Like this. And it is imperative after such sowing, it is imperative to compact the soil, compact. Like this. It is clear that I do it with my finger, you can do it with any rack, board there, right? You can take a liter, three-liter jar. And roll up your landings.
If the soil is wet or frozen, then, in this case, watering is not necessary after the seeds are buried. If the soil is dry, warm, then watering can be done simply over the surface. Neat and deep enough. Water very carefully, as the seeds can go very deep with a strong jet.
Be sure to put beacons, inscribe varieties, culture. They put a beacon - now, you know that there are beets. Then you plant, for example, plant carrots, right? Mark it too. Write and tag.
No shelter, nothing is required from you if you plant seeds of vegetables and green crops in the month of November. Approximately from the 10th, from the 15th. It all depends on the weather. To determine the timing of sowing, only personal experience will tell you when to do this. And I think I will also tell you when to do this a little later. Dear ones, I say goodbye to you and wish you all the best!
Nikolay Fursov. PhD in Agricultural Sciences