Table of contents:
- 1. Eschsholzia (Californian poppy)
- 2. Alyssum
- 3. Iberis
- 4. Cornflower
- 5. Purslane
- 6. Calendula (marigold)
- 7. Delphinium annual
- 8. Kosmeya (Cosmos)
- 9. Rudbeckia
- 10. Coreopsis
- 11. Nigella
- 12. Euphorbia fringed
- 13. Morning glory tricolor
- How to ensure the emergence of self-seeding of annuals
Video: 13 Best Annuals For Self-seeding. Description, Photo
Growing annuals in the garden has at least two advantages over growing perennial flowers. First, most popular annuals bloom profusely throughout the growing season. Secondly, many annuals sow freely and appear in the garden year after year with minimal participation from the grower. They do a great job of growing seedlings for us. Let's see which annuals it is enough to plant only once, and then, following simple techniques, meet them in the garden every season.
Of course, in the case of self-sowing, accurate reproduction of all the qualities of mother plants, such as color, height, size of inflorescences and the number of petals in them, are possible only if the plants are specific or varietal. Today, many annuals on the market are marked "F1", which indicates the hybrid origin of the variety. In this case, splitting of traits will be observed in the descendants of such plants.
For example, a tall red hybrid snapdragon will produce offspring with white and pink coloration of varying heights. Self-seeding of hybrid plants is always a lottery. No one can foresee what unexpected seedlings will appear next year, but it is possible that you will like the new variations very much.
1. Eschsholzia (Californian poppy)
A short, compact plant 25-30 centimeters in height, which forms branched bushes, covered with large flowers of juicy colors (orange, yellow, hot pink, etc.). In cloudy weather, the flowers are closed, but the plant does not lose its attractiveness due to the openwork carved silvery foliage.
In appearance, the inflorescences of escholzia resemble a miniature poppy with satin petals, but there are varieties with double inflorescences, as well as with corrugated petals, reminiscent of chiffon skirts of fashionistas.
Escholzia forms a large number of seed pods, which should be removed to extend the flowering period, however, if you plan to get self-seeding, then some of the heads must be left. Eschsholzia is light-requiring and drought tolerant, and will grow well with minimal watering and requires little maintenance.
Alyssum creates a beautiful low rug, 15-20 centimeters high, which is ideal for planting on the sides of paths, in the foreground of flower beds, as well as for flowerpots and hanging baskets.
Most varieties have a sweet, honey aroma. But some modern hybrids are odorless, which allows them to be planted by people suffering from intolerance to flower aromas.
Most varieties of alyssum have small white inflorescences or lilac color of petals, from dark purple to delicate lavender. With regard to color, a new hybrid of alyssum "Esther Bonnet Peach" is very interesting, which is distinguished by unusual pink flowers with a peach tint.
To make the alissum look spectacular, it is better to plant it in large clumps. The plant is characterized by a very abundant flowering, but alyssum blooms in waves. And after the flowering of the first wave, all inflorescences must be cut off, then after a while flowering will resume with renewed vigor.
To obtain self-seeding, only a part of the faded flowers of the first wave is cut. Also, if the second wave of flowering did not start too late (with a seedling method of growing), the inflorescences can be cut off completely, and after the second wave of flowering, leave all seed pods to ripen on the plant.
In culture, there are two types of Iberis - annual and perennial. The latter has white flowers and low clumps, the main area of application of this flower is alpine slides and retaining walls. But the annual Iberis is used very widely, and first of all, it is a delicate flower bed, unpretentious and easy to care for.
You can recognize such an Iberis by the umbrella-shaped inflorescences of lilac and pinkish color. In the annual Iberis, flowering is more abundant than in the white perennial species.
This plant thrives best in cool weather. In this regard, seeds must be sown in open ground as early as possible so that they can bloom and show themselves in all their glory before the onset of the summer heat.
Once having planted this flower in the garden, you can not think about its further reproduction, because the self-seeding of Iberis is very abundant, and in the spring the seedlings can be given to all neighbors.
At the same time, it is difficult to call Iberis a "weed", its low and not too branchy bushes will not take up too much space in the garden, even if they have grown in an unnecessary place, they can be easily transplanted later.
Thanks to its endurance, this delicate flower will independently decorate those parts of the garden where it is difficult to grow something.
Among garden flowers, it is not easy to find one that surpasses the cornflower, having petals of a purer and deeper blue than it. And it's not for nothing that there is a shade of blue called cornflower blue.
In the wild, cornflowers can most often be found in rye fields, but in gardens you have rarely seen it lately. To some growers, this plant seems rustic. Nevertheless, there is a special charm in the cornflower, and in modern varieties you can find inflorescences of a wide variety of colors (pink, white, purple), and some varieties even have maroon, almost black flowers.
In addition, undersized compact varieties that do not exceed 25 centimeters have appeared on sale, in contrast to the widespread high varieties reaching 60 centimeters.
Cornflowers are very easy to grow, they can be sown in the garden directly into the ground and only once, and they will reproduce on their own. Cornflowers bloom from June to September, but they manifest themselves best in the absence of extreme heat (in early summer and early autumn).
Purslane is an ideal ground cover annual for dry, sunny locations where it appears in all its cheerful shine with minimal maintenance. Its multi-colored flowers look like bright butterflies sitting down to rest in a clearing.
Unfortunately, in cloudy weather and towards evening, the inflorescences cover the petals and become like folded umbrellas. But the attractiveness of plants does not disappear from this, purslane is a succulent plant with juicy thick leaves, thanks to which the people are sometimes called "fat grass".
Such an emerald rug, woven from thickened leaves, looks very original even in the absence of flowers. When sowing for the first time, it is best to use a seedling growing method and sow the seeds indoors. Subsequently, the clearing of multicolored purslane will resume without your direct participation.
However, it is important to keep in mind that purslane is very thermophilic and can rise very late (in some years - even only in early June). However, due to its rapid development, the plants manage to bloom by mid-summer and delight with flowers until autumn.
6. Calendula (marigold)
An annual plant with golden and bright orange flowers and lime, sticky foliage. The cheerful calendula is very unpretentious and has a long continuous flowering until late autumn.
Young seedlings, as well as adult plants, are able to withstand even light frost. Calendula is credited with protecting vegetable plants from pests and diseases, which is why this flower is popular for planting in a vegetable garden next to vegetables.
But the medicinal properties of the plant are scientifically confirmed, and dried heads can be found on sale at any pharmacy. But many people prefer to harvest raw materials on their own, collecting inflorescences in their own flower beds.
Also, calendula is an edible flower and its bright petals can be used to decorate salads and desserts. Modern varieties of calendula have very large densely double flowers, resembling chrysanthemum inflorescences. The color of inflorescences, as in natural forms, is most often yellow and orange. But at the same time, you can find very original shades of these colors, for example, in the calendula "Sunny Sunset", the flowers are creamy apricot, and in the variety "Jam Lemon" - pale yellow.
7. Delphinium annual
This annual flower is a cultivated form of the delphinium field delphinium, also known as larkspur. This species is a good replacement for the perennial delphinium. The varietal larkspur has large double flowers, very similar to the inflorescences of a perennial delphinium, only having more pointed tips of the petals.
The color can be very different: purple, pink, white, lilac, etc. In addition, the annual delphinium has very beautiful carved, deeply dissected foliage, similar to dill leaves. Depending on the variety, this flower can form low compact bushes 25 cm in height or give out tall strong stems more than one meter high.
Spectacular larkspur candles are good in flower beds and mixborders, and tall varieties can be planted as an annual hedge. In addition, the one-year-old delphinium is used for bouquets, as it stands in a vase for a long time. This cold-resistant plant can be sown before winter, then the seedlings will bloom from June to August. When sown in early spring, flowering will begin later - from July to September.
8. Kosmeya (Cosmos)
One of the most unpretentious summer gardeners that can be found in almost every front garden, since plant care is minimal, and bright chamomile inflorescences are always pleasing to the eye.
The variety of space colors available is increasing every year. On sale you can find delicate pastel shades or bright cheerful colors. Terry varieties are often found, whose flowers, depending on the variety, can look like asters or scabiosa. Also of interest is the sulfur-yellow cosme, which is distinguished by very unusual colors for cosme: bright yellow and orange.
Large inflorescences of cosmos are attractive not only for humans, cute "daisies" are loved by bees and a wonderful "airfield" for butterflies. Many growers can be scared off by the high growth of this annual, but today you can find compact hybrid varieties. Kosmeya is an abundant flowering plant that will bloom all summer. The first sowing can be carried out directly into the ground in May.
This flower is a popular garden perennial, known even to novice growers. However, rudbeckia also has annual forms that look very similar, but do not form a wintering rhizome.
Often, annual varieties bloom more abundantly than their perennial relatives, their flowers are larger, and the palette of colors is richer. For example, among annual rudbeckies, you can even find red-brown flowers, for example, the variety "Cherry Brandy".
Due to the fact that this flower gives good self-seeding, you do not have to worry about reproducing it next season. Once sown, an annual rudbeckia will independently appear in your garden every year, and in this regard, it is in no way inferior to a perennial, being the same unpretentious sunny flower.
The annual form of coreopsis has small variegated flowers, which are distinguished by a very bright two-tone color. Chamomile inflorescences of coreopsis, most often, have an expressive maroon center, and the tips of the petals are painted in white, yellow and pink colors. This combination looks very fun and playful, and these plants will always attract the eye.
The inflorescences of annual coreopsis are much smaller than those of the most common perennial variety of lanceolate coreopsis, but this form blooms much longer and more abundantly. In order for the plant to give self-seeding, from the second half of summer it is necessary to stop cutting off the faded inflorescences.
In winter, birds can feast on heads with coreopsis seeds, but nevertheless, most of the seeds will remain and will sprout next spring.
A relative of garden nigella - nigella orientalis is used as a popular spice and valuable medicinal raw material in the countries of the East, where it is known as "black cumin". In flower beds, another species of this plant is grown - Nigella Damascus.
This flower is distinguished by very beautiful double star-shaped flowers of a pale blue color with an original center in the form of hooks. In a mixture of colors, in addition to blue, pink, purple, purple and two-colored flowers are also often found, which stand out against the background of delicate, thinnest feathery foliage.
The only drawback of nigella is the short flowering period, and in order to have a blooming nigella carpet all summer, you have to sow the seeds at intervals of about one month.
Nigella is unpretentious in care, this plant is cold-resistant, tolerates heat and slight drought well. The original seed pods can be used as an interesting addition to winter dry bouquets.
12. Euphorbia fringed
To many, this annual flower is known under the popular name "bride". And indeed, what else can these lush snow-white bushes be compared to if not with a girl in a wedding dress.
From a distance, it may seem that the plant has very large flowers, consisting of many white-green petals. However, this is not quite true. Like most milkweed, the inflorescences of the "bride" are very small and inconspicuous, and the leaves bordering them are of decorative value. In the edged milkweed, they are attractive with a wide, bright white border.
For this type of milkweed, winter sowing or sowing of seeds in the ground is practiced at the beginning of May, flowering then begins in July and continues until frost. The "bride" is unpretentious and hardy, in the garden it is better for her to choose sunny places without stagnant water.
13. Morning glory tricolor
Self-seeding plants also exist among ornamental annual vines. In particular, Ipomoea tricolor reproduces itself very easily, often known as "bindweed" or "gramophone".
There are a large number of varieties of this type of morning glory in various colors, but they do not reproduce on their own as readily as the original form, which has recognizable dark purple funnel-shaped flowers.
Of course, this "folk" bindweed may seem banal to someone, but busy flower growers often benefit from the presence of an independent liana, which will wind, for example, a veranda every year. After all, "bindweed" in a short time forms very long, well leafy stems with large leaf blades and perfectly decorates any vertical surface.
Unlike other types of morning glory, Ipomoea tricolor can be sown directly into the ground, as its development is very fast.
How to ensure the emergence of self-seeding of annuals
For annuals giving self-seeding, it is preferable to initially select a personal "clearing" where they will grow in a small group, independently reproducing from seeds from year to year.
When choosing a place for sowing such annuals, it is important to choose one where there is no spring standing of water. Also, most of these colors require that the space is well lit by the sun during the day.
Of course, insects or wind often contribute to the transfer of seeds, and next season the plant may appear in the most unexpected place, but you can always transplant it into the company of fellows.
Due to the tendency to migration, in classical flower beds, an independent "sprout" of such annuals is not always appropriate, but for natural mixborders, self-sowing annuals are a real gift, because it helps to change the appearance of a flower garden without the participation of a grower and every year create new combinations with neighboring perennials.
When growing self-seeding annual flowers, it is very important to give the flowers enough time for the seeds to fully ripen and sow. Therefore, if you have been removing faded heads all summer in order to prolong flowering, you must stop this procedure no later than mid-August. The seeds should ripen and this usually means that the seed heads are completely dry.
In autumn, after flowering, the tops of annuals must be left in the place where they grew. Harvest last year's stems only in the spring, as soon as the snow melts. Even if it rains periodically in the spring, it is better to regularly water the place where the clump of plants was.
This is due to the fact that the seeds lying on the soil surface dry out very quickly, and it is with this that it happens that the flowers do not give the expected self-seeding. If you regularly maintain humidity in such a "dividing" bed, then the seedlings will not keep you waiting, forming a new clearing for flowering in the coming season.