Russian Korinka Is My Favorite Grape. Growing Experience, Advantages And Disadvantages. Photo

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Russian Korinka Is My Favorite Grape. Growing Experience, Advantages And Disadvantages. Photo
Russian Korinka Is My Favorite Grape. Growing Experience, Advantages And Disadvantages. Photo

Video: Russian Korinka Is My Favorite Grape. Growing Experience, Advantages And Disadvantages. Photo

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In my garden, I prefer to grow crops with minimal maintenance. Cultivated grapes require a lot of care on the part of the gardener - difficult pruning, rationing, shelter, disease and pest control, etc. In general, such grapes are not my option. Nevertheless, on our site there is growing table grapes inherited from the old owners - "Russian Korinka". This wonderful variety won my heart! He has many advantages and forgives not too scrupulous care on my part. I'll tell you about it in my article.

"Russian Korinka" is my favorite grape
"Russian Korinka" is my favorite grape

Content:

  • The history of the origin of the variety
  • Description of the variety
  • "Korinka Russian" - advantages and disadvantages
  • My experience of growing Russian cinnamon

The history of the origin of the variety

The grape "Korinka Russian" was created at the Michurin Central Genetic Laboratory in Tambov. The authors of the cultivar were breeders I. M. Filippenko and L. T. Shtin. The variety was bred on the basis of crossing the parental pair: grapes "Zarya Severa" and grapes "Black Kishmish". The variety "Korinka Russkaya" is included in the State Register for the Central Black Earth Region.

The word "korinka" itself means "raisins" obtained from varieties of seedless grapes with very small berries (can also be called "Corinthian raisins"). Originally a very sweet, seedless small grape grown in Greece. And the very word "korinka" in Russian and in English, most likely, came from the name of the ancient city of Corinth, from the ports of which this type of raisin was supplied.

The name “Korinka Russian” emphasizes the domestic origin of the variety, which is also ideal for the production of dried fruits of this type.

The color of grapes "Korinka Russkaya" from light green to golden yellow, as it ripens from the sunniest side, a pinkish blush appears on the fruit
The color of grapes "Korinka Russkaya" from light green to golden yellow, as it ripens from the sunniest side, a pinkish blush appears on the fruit

Description of the variety

This variety is a vigorous liana that can reach a height of three meters. The leaves are large, slightly pubescent, with pronounced venation and a slight degree of dissection.

Clusters are medium in size, conical in shape, often complex, the average weight of one brush is 250 grams. The berries are small, regular, rounded, 0.5-1 cm in diameter. The color of the berries is from light green to golden yellow, as they ripen from the sunniest side, a pinkish blush appears on the fruits. The pulp is fleshy, firm and very juicy.

The taste is sweet. The sugar content is from 20-22% and more. Indicators of acidity are not more than 5 grams per liter, which is one of the best indicators of the ratio of sugar content to acid among grape varieties.

The bones are almost completely absent, but occasionally they can occur - tiny, small and soft bones, which do not need to be removed. The skin is very thin, also sweet in taste, while the berries do not burst and are highly transportable.

Winter hardiness: up to -26 … -28 degrees. At the same time, the degree of maturation of the vines is rather high - from 2/3 to 6/7 of the entire length of the shoots. Due to its very early maturity, the variety can be grown in the northwestern regions of Russia, as well as in the Far East, the Urals and Siberia. But in the northern regions, the ripening dates are slightly shifted to a later time.

The growing season of grapes "Korinka Russian" is about 110 days from the moment the leaves bloom. The first berries can be enjoyed in late July-early August, and the main harvest is harvested in mid-August.

The berries do not crumble and can remain on the bush until autumn, while the accumulation of sugars continues in the pulp. The yield is quite high and with good care can reach 12 kilograms per bush.

The variety is self-fertile; no pollinator is required. Can be eaten fresh, ideal for raisins, suitable for making juice, jam, compote, also used in winemaking.

When carrying out competent pruning of grapes on each vine, it is necessary to leave no more than 10 eyes. The total load per plant should not exceed 40 buds per bush. To reduce the load on the bush, you can also normalize the crop, that is, leave only one bunch on each vine.

The leaves of the grape variety "Korinka Russian" are large, slightly pubescent, with pronounced venation and a weak degree of dissection
The leaves of the grape variety "Korinka Russian" are large, slightly pubescent, with pronounced venation and a weak degree of dissection

"Korinka Russian" - advantages and disadvantages

Advantages of grapes "Korinka Russian":

  • unpretentious care;
  • great sweet taste,
  • seedlessness;
  • very early ripening;
  • high rates of ripening of shoots;
  • ideal for making homemade raisins;
  • sufficient frost resistance;
  • does not require a pollinator;
  • high transportability of berries;
  • there is a relative resistance to mildew and gray rot;
  • the problem of peeling fruit is minimal or completely absent;
  • unlike American seedless varieties, it gains sweetness earlier;
  • ideal for beginners or lazy gardeners.

However, there are also disadvantages. This grape is not too resistant to fungal diseases in rainy weather (especially to powdery mildew), so it needs preventive treatments. Very small berries cannot be considered a virtue either. Corinka is a vigorous variety that requires pruning.

And such a dignity as high sweetness also has the other side of the coin - cinnamon too attracts wasps. Often it becomes necessary to protect the brushes with special gauze bags.

We harvest grapes "Korinka Russkaya" in early August
We harvest grapes "Korinka Russkaya" in early August

My experience of growing Russian cinnamon

We grow this variety in the summer cottage of the Voronezh region of the Central black earth region. Due to the increased employment, we do not carry out any preventive treatments of the plant. Nevertheless, we were left without a crop for only one year (all brushes were struck by powdery mildew). Then it turned out to be a very damp and cold summer, and in May the site was almost completely submerged for a while during the flood. It is also fortunate that the grapes did not die at all under such conditions!

In other years, with minimal care, we regularly have the opportunity to enjoy its juicy and sweet berries. There is no need to build any complex air-dry shelters for these grapes. In late fall, we simply bend the vines to the ground and wrap them in two layers of dense nonwoven fabric.

Fungal diseases from time to time appear on foliage closer to autumn after harvest. We have rather fertile soils and we have never had to feed the grapes, and care consists only in watering during a long drought.

We also do not use special pruning in relation to Russian cinnamon, but only shear the grapes in order to pacify growth a little. At the same time, the yield can be called average.

Harvest use

This variety has dense, complex clusters consisting of many round pea berries, devoid of seeds. The taste of cinnamon is really very, very sweet, literally honey (with a noticeable honey aftertaste), but not offensively sugary. However, it lacks the typical sour grape flavor found in many varieties. Its thin skin with a characteristic waxy bloom is also sweet and does not sore as much as you eat it.

We harvest at the beginning of August, and it seems like a real miracle, because we are all accustomed to considering grapes as an autumn delicacy. The grapes are very juicy, the cinnamon can be eaten even unripe (then the berries are more elastic and just a little sour). These are the grapes that are difficult to break away from.

It is easy to eat straight from the bush, and the small size of the berries does not matter here. Due to the lack of seeds and rough skins, it is not at all necessary to tear off the grapes by berry, you can safely bite off the brush, even with the stalks.

I believe that, in addition to raisins, this variety could make an excellent juice or compote. But we prefer to eat it completely fresh. To all gardeners who are afraid to grow grapes, I recommend trying this amazing, unpretentious, delicious variety, especially if the family has children. They will definitely be delighted with these "candy beads".

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