5 Main Questions And Answers For Caring For Orchids Indoors. Photo

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5 Main Questions And Answers For Caring For Orchids Indoors. Photo
5 Main Questions And Answers For Caring For Orchids Indoors. Photo

Video: 5 Main Questions And Answers For Caring For Orchids Indoors. Photo

Video: 5 Main Questions And Answers For Caring For Orchids Indoors. Photo
Video: 14 Easy Steps: Orchid Care For Beginners | Phalaenopsis orchid care for beginners | iKnow 2023, September

Perhaps every woman at least once received a blooming orchid as a gift. It is not surprising, because such a lively bouquet looks amazing, blooms for a long time and pleases the hostess. Orchids cannot be called very difficult to grow indoor crops, but not fulfilling the main conditions for their maintenance often leads to the loss of a flower. If you are just starting to get acquainted with indoor orchids, you should find out the correct answers to the main questions about growing these beautiful plants in the house. And we hope our article will help you with this.

5 top questions and answers for orchid care
5 top questions and answers for orchid care

1. How do orchids grow in nature?

Orchids got their name from the Latin word orchis (órchis). These ancient plants belong to the orchid family (orchis). We are used to seeing these amazing flowers in our home, treating them as delicate exotic creatures, forgetting that orchids are quite common in nature. Even in our country, we can find several dozen wild-growing orchids. One of the common varieties of the northern orchid is cuckoo tears.

Orchids are hardy enough and adapt to almost any conditions, except drought and extreme cold. Of course, tropical forests are a favorite place for orchids. There is no limit to their exotic diversity. High humidity, sufficient air exchange, the ability to hide from the direct rays of the sun contribute to the spread of all types of orchids, and there are more than 30 thousand of them.

In addition, in natural conditions, wild orchids are also pollinated with pollen of other flowers, so they can constantly change, new varieties and subspecies appear.

By the way, almost all orchids are long-livers, and under favorable conditions in nature they can grow up to 80 years.

2. What kind of orchids are grown in the rooms?

Tropical orchid varieties most commonly grown at home are epiphytic. These types of orchids are remarkable in that they have aerial roots. In the natural environment, due to such roots, plants receive nutrition and moisture from the air, accumulate them in their leaves and root tubers.

Phalaenopsis orchids are one of the most undemanding types of orchids for home gardening. They are short, with rather wide, dense leaves, between which aerial roots appear, their flowers look like butterflies. With the proper care, these plants bloom profusely up to twice a year for about two to six months.

Often indoors, phalaenopsis grow in transparent plastic pots to control the moisture content of the planting soil. Sometimes, and this is not only a design decision, but also an attempt to create a native natural environment for the root system, phalaenopsis are planted in containers called block crops. This can be a disinfected small piece of bark or part of a tree trunk. However, for the normal growth of orchids in blocks, very high indoor humidity (above 70%) is required.

Cattleya orchids are also popular with home growers. They are medium-sized plants with one to two leathery leaves. Inflorescences appear from the junction of the leaf with the stem. The flowers themselves are unusually bright, beautiful, large, with the finest aroma and graceful shape. Flowering and its duration depend on the length of daylight hours, humidity and temperature in the room, as well as the type of plant.

Another favorite is possible to consider the orchid Vanda (Vanda). A distinctive feature of this type of orchid is strong, fleshy very long aerial roots. The stem is up to one meter high and can grow taller. A large number of oblong leaves, 30-70 cm long, appear about once a month.

The flowers are in the form of a brush, the size of one flower reaches 10 or more centimeters. Having appeared, they continue to increase and gain brightness. The colors of these colors are unusual and surprising: all shades of blue, purple, orange, purple, white. These orchids bloom all year round, with proper care - up to three to four times within a few weeks.

Orchid ontsidy (Oncidium) - «tiger orchid has a very different shape of leaves and flowers, it changes its external structure, depending on the species. The colors of the flowers are dominated by yellow, brown and red tones. The size of the flowers can be from 2 to 12 cm. The flowers emit a delicate, refined aroma. Orchids of this species bloom for up to three weeks several times a year. The duration and frequency of flowering depends on the specific conditions in which the plant is contained and the quality of its care.

Phalaenopsis Orchid (Phalaenopsis)
Phalaenopsis Orchid (Phalaenopsis)
Cattleya Orchid (Cattleya)
Cattleya Orchid (Cattleya)
Vanda Orchid
Vanda Orchid

3. How to care for an orchid?

Watering and humidity

For watering flowers, including orchids, it is better to use warm, settled water. Flowers are very sensitive to chlorine and lime in tap water. Try boiling this softening water and letting it cool before watering. Better yet, pour it with melt or rainwater at room temperature.

Water regularly, but in moderation, throughout the year. In summer, orchids need more water and should be watered about every five days, in winter - once every 7-10 days. Make sure that moisture does not accumulate at the bottom of the flowerpot and in the pan. When watering, take into account the dryness of the substrate and air humidity.

The most favorable relative humidity is 40-60 percent, in summer it should be higher. You can increase the moisture around the plants by spraying them with warm water. At the same time, care should be taken that water does not remain in the recesses of the leaves, as this can lead to their decay.

At low air temperatures, spraying should be stopped. However, the humidity should be maintained constantly, for this place a cup of water next to the plant. From lack of water, leaves shriveled, and excess moisture leads to darkening and damage to the roots. That is, too little water is better than too much. Because excess water can lead to rotting of the orchid roots.

The best way to water an orchid is to remove the plant from the flower pot and submerge it in soft water at room temperature for 10-30 minutes. Then allow all the water to drain, and only after that put the flower in place.

Wanda orchids have one very striking feature in their structure: their roots do not have pseudobulbs for water storage, so this type of orchid is especially susceptible to watering frequency. The roots of these orchids do not require soil, in nature they grow in places with air humidity up to 80 percent and absorb water from the environment. At home, they are often kept in low glass vases without a substrate.

The method of watering such orchids is as follows: water is poured into a vase with a plant, left for half an hour and then it is completely poured out. In summer, watering is required daily or every other day, and spraying - every week, in winter - only watering once every five to seven days.


The orchid loves light, but by no means direct sunlight. Therefore, when placing a flower in a lighted spot in your home, you need to consider the season. Cover the curtains in the summer, and in the winter, add additional lighting, such as fluorescent lights.

The appearance of small brown or yellow spots on orchid leaves indicates that the plant has received a sunburn. Orchid varieties with dark leaf color are most sensitive to light. From the leaves, you can determine if this gentle creature is receiving light. If the leaves began to darken - add light, if they began to turn yellow - there is an overabundance of light.

If you are placing the orchid on a windowsill, then a west-facing window is most suitable. South orientation is undesirable due to the bright sun. In the north and east, there is not enough light, which will inevitably lead to a slowdown in plant growth and reduce its flowering as much as possible.

The recommended illumination for comfortable growth and flowering of orchids is 20 thousand lux in summer and 40 thousand lux in winter, which is approximately 20-30 percent of the "full" sun.

Oncidium Orchid (Oncidium)
Oncidium Orchid (Oncidium)

Temperature difference

The ideal room temperature for these subtropical plants is between

+ 19 ° C and + 24 ° C. It is recommended not to drop the temperature below 17 degrees at night. The daily temperature difference is normally at least seven degrees. Orchids really do not like to stand in a draft.

It is worth carefully observing your orchids, how they react to certain conditions of detention, since they may differ for each type of orchid. This also applies to the temperature regime. One plant may need more warmth, while another will feel better in the cool.

Never place these delicate flowers near heating appliances. Artificial heat sources dry out the air. Constant overheating leads to dehydration and drying of flower tissues, leaves and roots, which causes the death of the plant.

Air circulation

Also note that the room where the orchids are kept requires constant air circulation. It is helpful to ventilate the room to reduce nighttime temperatures and to provide fresh air and essential nutrients. After all, the aerial photosynthetic roots of orchids take moisture, mineral and organic substances from the air. But remember - drafts are unacceptable for these colors.

To increase air exchange, you can turn on a weak fan for one to two hours, but so that the air flow from it is not directed to the orchids.

Do not carry

Orchids get used to their place, to the specific conditions at that place. They don't like to be rearranged or even when the pot is turned. Any movement is perceived as stress. If you still need to change the location of the orchid pot, try to position it towards the light in the same side as it was before. And this should not be done during the flowering period or the appearance of the peduncle. Do not turn the pot while watering the orchid.

Orchid feeding

Orchids need nutrients for their growth and flowering. Once or twice a month they are fertilized with liquid mineral fertilizers. For top dressing, choose fertilizers with a low nitrogen content, as it delays kidney development.

In the intervals between flowering, the fertilizer rate is halved.

There is a wide selection of different nutritional mixes and mineral fertilizers on sale. Before using them, carefully study the way they are used, the amount of fertilizer needed and the frequency of feeding.

An orchid transplant is needed not only as it grows, but also in case of decay of roots or spoiled substrate
An orchid transplant is needed not only as it grows, but also in case of decay of roots or spoiled substrate

4. When and how to replant an orchid?

Orchids do not tolerate transplanting well, so they should be transplanted no more than once every three to four years after the flowering period. It is advisable to do this in the spring and not only when the plant needs more space for growth. A transplant will be required if the substrate in which the orchid grows has deteriorated, if the roots are rotten or dry, if the leaves begin to dry.

Use special orchid soil for repotting. Such soil can be purchased from specialized departments or compiled by yourself. In outlets for orchids, they sell not only natural substrates, but also synthetic ones. The substrate should be purchased only from natural ingredients. Fillers made of synthetic materials accumulate salts, decompose over time, releasing toxins, which leads to the cessation of plant growth and flowering.

A good substrate consists of the bark and cones of conifers, peat, moss, charcoal, crushed walnut shells, coconut nuts. It must pass moisture well without retaining it, provide free air access and at the same time be a stable support for the plant.

Control and timely replacement, partial renewal of the soil will protect it from rotting and the development of bacteria. The selection of a specific composition of the substrate depends on the microclimate of your home. If the necessary growth conditions are violated, a change in its composition is required. For example, with high humidity, add bark or charcoal, with dryness - fern roots and coconut flakes.

Let the orchid dry out the day before you decide to transplant it. Carefully remove any rotten or dried roots before placing the plant in new soil. After transplanting, the plants are not watered for several days.

During the year, if necessary, it is enough to change the top layer of the substrate. Gently remove it from the pot and add fresh. Make sure that the pseudobulbs remain free and not buried in the ground. Otherwise, it can lead to their decay.

5. Does an orchid need winter rest?

A dormant period is necessary for the orchid to gain strength for the next flowering. During the rest period, when the orchid loses its flowers, in order to quickly regain blooming orchid, it is necessary to cut the stem. Some types of orchids can bloom again without a long break. It is best to cut off the old branch above the third eye, then a new shoot will appear on the remaining stem.

Cut off the stem with a sharp knife or garden pruner to get a smooth cut and thereby reduce the possibility of germs spreading. Then sprinkle the cut with activated carbon powder or treat it with a disinfectant from the first-aid kit, iodine, brilliant green will do.

After pruning, the plant can be placed in a cooler environment for several weeks, but make sure it still gets enough light and air.

If the stem is completely dry, it must be cut off completely. This will lead to the appearance of new peduncles.