Table of contents:
- 1. Gazania
- 2. Carnation "Shabo" (Dianthus caryophyllus var. Chabaud)
- 3. Treelike heliotrope (Heliotropium arborescens)
- 4. Gerbera
- 5. Coleus Blume (Plectranthus scutellarioides)
- 6. Cuphea
- 7. Osteospermum (Osteospermum)
- 8. Petunia
- 9. Felicia
- 10. Korean chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum × koreanum)
- 11. Cineraria maritima
- 12. Euryops
Video: 12 Year Olds That Can Be Saved In Winter. Description. Photo
Not many heat-loving flowers can survive the harsh Russian winter. Most annuals die in frost even under the warmest shelter. It is such a pity to leave the flowers that have delighted us all summer to the mercy of fate … And there is no need! How do you like the idea - to take your favorite summer gardeners to the house before spring? Having overwintered in the warmth, they will gratefully resume their growth next year and themselves will "ask" to go outside when the sun warms up. After all, being annuals in a harsh climate, many plants, in fact, are perennial in their homeland. In this article I will tell you about what "summer houses" can be kept until spring, and what should be their wintering.
The undoubted advantage of wintering traditional summer houses (besides the fact that you keep the plant itself) is that you get the opportunity to propagate it in spring by cuttings. As a result, already at the beginning of summer you have ready-made annual flowers practically for free!
African chamomile belongs to the Aster family and has many variegated colors, for which it fell in love with flower growers. A low plant is absolutely unpretentious to the quality of the soil and watering. But it is perennial only at home; in cold countries, wintering becomes impossible for it.
However, keeping the plant in winter is easy enough. To do this, in November, they dig out the strongest bushes and plant them in pots. The wintering room should be light, and the temperature in it should not exceed 10 degrees. Watering is enough only occasionally, avoiding strong overdrying of the soil.
2. Carnation "Shabo" (Dianthus caryophyllus var. Chabaud)
Most carnations can easily endure even severe frosts. But there are species that are very sensitive to cold. For example, a sophisticated Mediterranean beauty named "Shabo". It blooms profusely from June to September, dressing up in numerous double inflorescences.
This capricious species doesn't like cold winters. Therefore, in the middle lane, it is grown only as an annual. At the same time, her trimmed bushes winter well in a cool room. The lower the temperature, the less watering should be done. In March, the flower is awakened - they are placed on a light window, abundant watering and feeding are resumed.
3. Treelike heliotrope (Heliotropium arborescens)
This plant is hard not to notice in the flowerbed: it attracts the eye with bright caps of purple inflorescences. Some varieties also have a warm, spicy aroma. Tall shrubs bloom all summer and autumn, filling the garden with a pleasant scent. You can preserve the beauty of a Peruvian plant if you move it to a windowsill for the winter.
In a bright place with relative coolness (up to +15 degrees), the heliotrope feels quite comfortable. The most important thing in the process of winter care is not to overdo it with watering, but also not to dry out the roots.
The ubiquitous asters are grown all over the world. Among them is the largest "chamomile". On an industrial scale, gerberas are grown for cut flowers not only in their homeland - in Africa and Asia, but everywhere. True connoisseurs prefer to admire living gerberas on their windowsill.
In winter, greenhouse conditions are ideal for gerberas. But it is not always possible to provide such. These daisies like to while away the winter in the cool (+ 14 … + 16 degrees) in good light conditions, and they prefer regular watering, but not too plentiful.
5. Coleus Blume (Plectranthus scutellarioides)
This flower from the family of the lily is a real universal: it is known in indoor floriculture, but has earned popularity in landscape design. Unpretentious, multifaceted and very bright Coleus becomes the basis for all kinds of compositions. In summer, he decorates flower beds, and in the winter adjoins the number of indoor plants.
It is important to provide the flower with enough light, regular watering, and moderate humidity. In this case, it will not lose its decorative effect during wintering. Coleus grows quickly, so pruning can be done twice: in autumn and spring. In the spring, at the same time as pruning, plant cuttings can also be carried out, because Coleus reproduces well in this way.
The representative of the Derbennikov family, a bright decorative melliferous plant, is famous for its abundant flowering. At home - in South America - the genus has more than 250 varieties with different colors of flowers. In garden compositions, it looks exquisite in tubs and flowerpots. But with the onset of frost, kufeya is brought into the house.
After the end of flowering, pruning is carried out, shortening the shoots by 1/3. This will make wintering easier and save the strength of the plant. The temperature for winter maintenance should be about 10 degrees, and watering in such conditions is minimized. As in the garden, indoors it is worth protecting the delicate leaves from direct sunlight.
7. Osteospermum (Osteospermum)
The habitat gave the plant a more sonorous nickname - "African daisy". In nature, it is a voluminous shrub with large chamomile-like inflorescences. Among the cultivated varieties, there are hybrids with a very unusual structure of petals and a very elegant color.
Exotic flowers can withstand temperatures down to -10 degrees, but not colder. In harsh winters, the bush is dug up and transferred to a cool room, in which it waits out the cold. Coolness (not higher than +5 degrees) and the presence of diffused light becomes the key to successful wintering.
The numerous genus of the nightshade family brings together an endless variety of species. But only one of them is found in northern latitudes, the rest are thermophilic and do not hibernate in open ground. And how you still do not want to part with variegated flowers! And it is not necessary, because petunia can while away the winter on an insulated balcony.
In October, long stems are shortened and the flowerpot is placed in a cool room (about +5 degrees). In such conditions, petunia is waiting for February, with minimal watering and gentle lighting. In March, the flower is awakened from sleep - it is brought into a warm room and watered abundantly.
Similarly, a variety of petunia, ampelous beauty with long branches - surfiniya, hibernates.
The South African guest felicia, like her name, is sophisticated and gentle. It is distinguished from the usual daisies by large sky blue flowers. The irrepressible felicia stays in bloom all summer and autumn, right up to the frost. Borders are decorated with a low annual plant and the plant is grown as a container crop.
With the arrival of cold weather, the flower is transferred to a cool room, where the temperature will remain no higher than +10 degrees throughout the winter. With enough light, chamomile can continue to bloom, requiring periodic watering.
10. Korean chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum × koreanum)
Even the smell of chrysanthemums is associated with the arrival of autumn! By the way, in ancient China this flower is a real symbol of longevity and wealth. Perhaps this is another reason to grow it in your garden? In addition, the number of chrysanthemum varieties is constantly growing. Among the beloved Korean chrysanthemums, most successfully endure our frosts. Snow-free winters with frequent thaws are more dangerous for them - not so rare in the central zone.
If you are afraid that your beloved chrysanthemum will not survive the winter, feel free to take it home. Moreover, Korean hybrids are often grown as an indoor crop. The faded chrysanthemum is only slightly cut off and kept in partial shade, at temperatures up to +10 degrees, making sure that the earthy ball does not dry out.
11. Cineraria maritima
This extraordinarily beautiful flower is also called the "ash-tree". Without undue modesty, it stands on a pedestal of decorative background plants. Amazing carved leaves with silvery pile will decorate any flower bed. In the wild, cineraria grows in the Mediterranean, and in countries with cold climates it is used as an annual plant.
To preserve the "terry" plant in winter, it is enough to dig it up and bring it into the house, placing it away from heating devices, in diffused light. Watering, as well as in open ground, requires rare. Even in winter, cineraria continues to grow, but not so intensively.
Another representative of the Aster, which is originally from South Africa. This rare and attractive plant forms a large, tall shrub with narrow wormwood-like leaves. In summer, the entire shrub is covered with small yellow-orange flowers. In the open field, the thermophilic euryops sleeps until the first frost.
In the fall, the shrub is divided into pots. Unpretentious in the ground, it will not cause trouble indoors. A lot of light, relative coolness and regular moderate watering - that's all he needs to wait out the winter.
By the way, some indoor flowers during the summer months may well become garden flowers. Balsam and ever-flowering begonia are the most tolerant of temperature extremes, and pelargonium can even be planted in a flower bed in summer. Just have time to return them to the house with the arrival of cold weather!
Dear Readers! Perhaps you have experience of successful wintering of annual flowers, which I did not mention in the article. Let us know in the comments. I think all readers will be interested.