10 Most Reliable Annuals For Your Garden Description And Photo

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10 Most Reliable Annuals For Your Garden Description And Photo
10 Most Reliable Annuals For Your Garden Description And Photo

Video: 10 Most Reliable Annuals For Your Garden Description And Photo

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Video: 10 Best Annual Flowers That Can Tolerate Full Sun - Gardening Tips 2023, February
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Annual flowers will never go out of fashion, because they have one significant advantage over perennials - they show themselves in all their glory already in the first (and last for them) season. Therefore, starting the development of a site with planting annual plants, you decorate it almost instantly. In this article, we will draw your attention to 10 of the most reliable, in terms of beauty, ease of care and duration of flowering, annual flowers. With them, your garden will be bright and fragrant in its first season.

10 most reliable annuals for your garden
10 most reliable annuals for your garden

In order for the summer to justify the worries associated with their annual sowing, you should not buy seeds of all flowers in a row, focusing only on a beautiful photo on the package. First of all, you should pay attention to characteristics such as:

  • simplicity and ease of care;
  • resistance to weather conditions;
  • minimum watering requirements;
  • abundant and long flowering.

The most unpretentious flower crops include petunia, gailardia, marigolds, rudbeckia, calendula, nasturtium, zinnia, cosmea, iberis, gazania. From this set, you can easily form a beautiful flower bed that will delight with colorful paints all summer and most of autumn.

1. Calendula

Medicinal calendula (Calendula officinalis) is one of the most common garden plants, which has long been "prescribed" in our plots. Recently, many new varieties of calendula have appeared, which are very different in height, color of petals and shape of inflorescences.

Calendula officinalis (Calendula officinalis)
Calendula officinalis (Calendula officinalis)

The color range ranges from pale yellow, greenish and pink to burgundy and brown. There are varieties of double and non-double, with chamomile, tiled and even anemone-shaped inflorescences.

Traditionally, calendula is planted in front gardens and flower beds, it also looks good in mixborders. Low-growing varieties can be grown in containers and balcony boxes, added to flower borders and flower beds.

For calendula, choose a place well-lit by the sun. It is undemanding to watering, can tolerate any soil, but still prefers light loams. Seeds are sown in open ground in April or before winter - in October-November. Flowering begins in June and lasts until late autumn.

2. Kosmeya

The beauty cosme (Cosmos) is famous for its unpretentiousness. It can grow on any soil, withstands minor frosts and tolerates a lack of moisture. It prefers to be in the sun, withstands partial shade well, but there will be much less flowers in the shade. You should not get carried away with fertilizers - on too nutritious soils, the bushes will grow powerful, but they will bloom late and poorly.

Kosmeya (Cosmos)
Kosmeya (Cosmos)

However, the fluffy cosmos bushes look very elegant even without flowers. Plants reach up to 1.5 m in height, so it is better to plant them near a fence, in the background of a flower bed or mixborder. Cosmos can shade flower borders with their greenery and hide an ugly fence or wall from the eyes. There are some smaller varieties (up to 50 cm), they will look good in the foreground.

Cosmos plants reproduce well by self-sowing, very often the seedlings have to be thinned out. But undersized and terry hybrid forms are best grown through seedlings.

3. Petunia

It is now impossible to imagine a summer landscape without this flower. Petunia (Petunia) looks good in border plantings, and large-flowered and ampelous varieties feel great in hanging pots. This plant is most often used for landscaping balconies and terraces.

Petunia
Petunia

Petunia is not afraid of direct sunlight, tolerates drought and short-term temperature drops. It is not very demanding on the composition of the soil, but it blooms much more abundantly and brighter on well-fertilized soils.

To see the petunia bloom early, it is recommended to grow it through seedlings. Although it should be noted that varieties with non-double inflorescences reproduce well by self-seeding. Petunia blooms continuously throughout the summer, until the frost. In order for the plants to retain their decorative effect for a long time, it is recommended to trim the tips of the flower shoots at the end of August, forming a beautiful ball out of them.

4. Marigolds

In a flower garden, border or mixborder, there is always a place for marigolds (Tagetes). They can also be planted in hanging boxes or containers. Marigolds can grow in any conditions, they are completely undemanding to the soil, they tolerate transplanting painlessly at any age, even during the flowering period.

Marigolds (Tagetes)
Marigolds (Tagetes)

These flowers feel best in sunny areas, but they can put up with a slight partial shade. When choosing a variety, it must be borne in mind that different types of tagetes (marigolds) differ in the shape and height of the bush.

Now in garden plots, three types of marigolds are most often found:

  • rejected, or French - highly branched bushes with a height of 15 to 50 cm with double or simple inflorescences;
  • erect or African - bushes with a height of 30 to 120 cm with a strong stem and a small number of branches; flowers are large, terry, of different colors;
  • thin-leaved or Mexican - plants with thin branched stems and strongly dissected leaves, 20-60 cm high; spherical bushes are completely covered with small non-double flowers of bright colors - lemon yellow, orange, yellow, solid or with a dark center.

5. Nasturtium

Like marigolds, nasturtium (Tropaeolum) has long been very popular among gardeners. This plant with round leaves and large, bright flowers looks very impressive if the planting site is chosen correctly. The most abundant flowering is obtained in sunny areas with moderately fertilized soil.

Nasturtium (Tropaeolum)
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum)

If the soil is too nutritious, then the leaves and stems of the nasturtium will grow juicy, but there will be few flowers. And on poor soils, plants become smaller, while their decorative effect is lost.

Most often, nasturtium is sown as seeds directly into open ground. You can also plant this plant in containers, this option is suitable for decorating balconies and terraces. Ampel varieties are best suited for this purpose, the whips of which can reach up to 2.5 m in length. The nasturtium bushes planted in the foreground of the mixborder look beautiful. They go well with ageratum, delphiniums, bells, heliotrope.

6. Iberis

Iberis (Iberis), or Iberian, is a low compact plant that blooms profusely almost all summer. In total, there are about 40 representatives of this genus, among them there are both annual and perennial species. The mountainous areas of southern Europe and Asia Minor, the mountain slopes of the Crimea, the Caucasus, and the lower reaches of the Don are considered the birthplace of various types of Iberis.

Iberis, or Iberian
Iberis, or Iberian

This unpretentious plant is often used to decorate rabatki and alpine slides. It can also be used to decorate rocky retaining walls and dry slopes.

Now in our gardens you can find two types of annual Iberis - bitter and umbrella. Plant height usually does not exceed 30-35 cm. There are varieties with white, pink, lilac and carmine inflorescences. Annual Iberises bloom longer and more abundantly than perennials, their flowering lasts up to 1.5 months.

7. Rudbeckia

The botanical genus Rudbeckia includes many species grown in both perennial and annual culture. These flowers are distinguished by their characteristic appearance - large yellow and orange daisies are visible from afar in the garden. They can be planted in groups or combined with plants of a different color. Low-growing varieties look good in border plantings.

Rudbeckia
Rudbeckia

Rudbeckia are disease resistant and undemanding to soil composition. But at the same time, they like to be in the sun and suffer from a lack of moisture, therefore they need periodic watering. Plants are responsive to top dressing, complex mineral fertilizers or rotted manure can be applied under the bushes.

Annual rudbeckia are sown with seeds directly into the ground, and in the conditions of central Russia they are often grown through seedlings. The bushes quickly gain green mass and by the middle of summer they open their first buds. Rudbeckia bloom continues until the very frost.

8. Gaillardia

These flowers are often confused with rudbeckia, because outwardly they are very similar. Bright inflorescences of Gaillardia (Gaillardia) are like the sun with a dark center and light edges. The middle can be red, deep pink, dark orange, or even brown. The tips of the petals are most often colored golden or bright yellow and framed by denticles along the edge.

Gaillardia
Gaillardia

Most Gaillardia are perennials, but there are also annuals among them (for example, the Gaillardia is beautiful, which became the ancestor of many beautiful varieties).

Gaillardia is grown in annual culture through seedlings. Seeds are sown in early March in cassettes or common containers. So that the seedlings do not stretch too much, it is recommended to highlight it. Plants are planted in open ground with the onset of persistent heat.

Culture does not require special attention to itself. Gaillardia is drought-resistant and needs watering only in the absence of rain for a long time. Blooms profusely and for a long time, until the very end of summer. Low-growing Gaillardia can be planted in the foreground of mixborders or create flower borders from them. These plants are also suitable for an alpine slide.

9. Zinnia

Due to its wide variety of shapes and colors, zinnia is a versatile garden plant. It can be included in various flower ensembles, planted separately or in groups. Low-growing varieties look great in the foreground of the flower bed.

Zinnia
Zinnia

This flower can grow in the sun itself, where other plants cannot survive without watering. Loves well-drained, nutritious soils, but feels good on loams too. Zinnia is responsive to fertilizers, it can be fed several times a season with mineral fertilizers or organic matter.

Typically, zinnia seeds are sown directly into the soil. But if you want to see flowering early, you can grow plants using seedlings. Bright velvet inflorescences of zinnia will delight you with their colors all summer long, and only with the arrival of the first autumn frosts will they lose their decorative effect.

10. Gazania

This beautiful, showy flower, similar to a large bright chamomile, has recently appeared in our gardens. Gazania (Gazania), thanks to its unpretentiousness, very quickly won the love of gardeners.

Gazania
Gazania

Unlike zinnia, gazania is not afraid of frost at all. With the onset of autumn cold weather, it seems to take on a second wind, dissolving more and more new inflorescences. This flower looks good in containers and in single plantings. You can plant gazania on alpine slides, since it almost does not need watering and feeding.

The only condition that should not be neglected when growing gazania is the correct location. Its flowers open only during the daytime and only under good lighting conditions. Therefore, for planting gazania, it is recommended to choose sunny areas with loose, permeable soil.

Gazania is a perennial plant that is grown in our latitudes as an annual. It can be easily grown in seedlings without the need for backlighting. The sooner you sow the seeds, the faster you can admire its beautiful flowering. If desired, gazania bushes can be stored in a cool room until next spring, and then planted again in a flower bed.

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