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Video: Your Flowers Are Protected By Biological Fungicides
Advice from an experienced florist, member of the Moscow Flower Club, Elena
With drugs Alirin-B and Gamair I met in 2009, they literally saved and phlox, and my reputation grower. In the spring of that year, the phlox section of the Moscow Flower Growers Club decided to organize a phloxarium in the Apothecary Garden on Mira Avenue (a branch of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University). Closed-root phlox was purchased in early spring. I have never seen the worst planting material, small phloxicas were stunted with spots on the leaves. There could be no question of landing or sending to Kiev in the Botanical Garden to replenish the collection of phlox there. For a month, literally there was a struggle for the lives of babies with the help of Alirin-B and Gamair. A month later, the planting material was saved, it could be planted and donated.
So I was convinced that the drugs really work. Before that I tried to use chemical fungicides as little as possible, and since 2009 I have completely switched to biological preparations. A system of protection of flower crops was gradually developed using Alirin-B, Gamair and Glyokladin.
The best result is observed when phlox is treated before planting, and then several times per season during the growing season. Planting material of phlox should be kept for 1-2 hours in a solution of Alirin-B and Gamair (1tab. + 1tab. / 1l of water), then it can be planted. After rooting, place the Glyocladin tablet close to the roots. Phloxes often suffer from verticilliosis, and the use of Glyocladin is a necessary preventive measure. When using Glyocladinyou need to know some of the nuances. The drug develops quickly and works well at a humidity of 60-80% and a temperature of 14-27oС. Therefore, place one or two (depending on the size of the plant) Glyocladin tablets in moistened soil in the root zone to a depth of 10 cm, mulch with organic matter and maintain moisture for at least a few days. The introduction of the tablet into the root zone is important, since in the zone of the root system trichoderma (the active substance of Glyocladin) performs its functions perfectly, if the root system is far away, the spores do not germinate and quickly die.
On my recommendation, members of the section of phlox, peonies, roses began using Alirin, Gamair, Glyokladin and were satisfied with the results.
Some phloxes, untreated before planting, emerge from the ground in the spring with twisted leaves and shoots. After two treatments with a cocktail (1 tab. Alirin-B +1 tab. Gamair / 1 l), diseased leaves were dropped and grew into healthy, beautiful bushes. During the growing season, phloxes are prophylactically treated with Alirin-B and Gamair 2-3 times more, in early May at a concentration of 1tab + 1tab / 1l, then after 2 weeks at a concentration of 2tab + 2tab / 1l, the third treatment in early June at a concentration of 2- 3tab + 2-3tab / 1l. The third treatment is applied if there were many diseases in the previous season. Variegated phlox, with beautiful leaves, are very prone to spotting. These drugs are simply salvation for them.
Verticilliasis is an insidious disease of phlox, a sudden wilting of leaves and shoots begins, then the stems fall. And it's not the leaves, it's the roots. The soil pathogen through the root system damaged by pests or tools during soil cultivation enters the vascular system of plants, clogs it and poisons it. And we see the result. It is interesting to use a mixture of Alirin-B and Gamair for the treatment of vertillosis in the initial stage. When the following symptoms appeared in a three-year-old bush: yellowing of leaves and stems, lagging of the affected stems in growth, wilting of leaves and drying of stems, they cut off all the stems from phlox to ground level, spilled a liter of solution (2tab. Alirin-B + 2tab. Gamair/ 1 l). Then the cut bush was sprinkled with garden soil and covered with a five-liter bottle on top to maintain moisture. A week later, new healthy stems appeared. Processing was carried out in July. Alirin with Gamair work well at the beginning of the disease, if time is lost and the whole bush is affected, more radical measures must be taken.
Peonies suffer greatly from gray rot. It affects everything: leaves, stems, flowers, buds, growing spots appear. Of course, wet weather and nitrogen overfeeding contribute to disease. I come to my neighbor with a friendly visit, the hostess left, and there … Poor peonies. I divorced Alirin-B with Gamair (5tab + 5tab / 1l) and sprayed it. All! The pions recovered, and by the time the hostess arrived, everything was in order. Therefore, prevention and prevention again. And treatment should be carried out with solutions of a higher concentration than with prevention.
Frequent diseases of roses - various spots. To prevent the disease, the rose garden is treated 3-4 times before flowering, every two weeks with a solution of Alirin-B and Gamair (2tab. + 2 tab / 1l of water), Glyokladin is used twice a season in spring and autumn. Leaves are clean, roses grow well and develop.
This year I bought Trichocin for the first time, in the annotation I read that for seedlings of flower crops it is recommended to shed soil when planting seedlings, and for carrots it is also possible to spray the soil before sowing seeds. I will try to try spraying the soil when sowing zinnia and aster seeds.
Biological fungicides can be used every season, they are recommended to treat not only plants, but also the soil, they can be used for plants used for food.
It must be said that in the garden there should not be a fight against pathogens, but the use of reasonable complex measures that promote the development of healthy plants. It is necessary to use the whole range of agrotechnical, physical-mechanical, biological methods. First of all, do not violate the rules of agricultural technology, do not plant phlox on phlox, etc. due to the accumulation of pests and pathogens. It is imperative to improve the soil: the introduction of compost, vermicompost, sowing green manure.
Let your flowers delight you with their beauty as long as possible! Elena, "Flower growers of Moscow"