The Best Varieties Of Fruit Crops For Cold Regions. Ural, Siberia, North, Moscow Region. List Of Variety Names

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The Best Varieties Of Fruit Crops For Cold Regions. Ural, Siberia, North, Moscow Region. List Of Variety Names
The Best Varieties Of Fruit Crops For Cold Regions. Ural, Siberia, North, Moscow Region. List Of Variety Names

Video: The Best Varieties Of Fruit Crops For Cold Regions. Ural, Siberia, North, Moscow Region. List Of Variety Names

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Growing Fruit in Cold Climates: Zones 3 and 4 2023, February
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The vagaries of the weather are discouraging inexperienced gardeners. Apple trees perish in your favorite garden, you cannot get a cherry harvest for several years, a healthy plum is an unrealizable dream. How to grow a garden that would not be afraid of winter and provide the owners with fresh fruit under any weather conditions?

Orchard
Orchard

Of course, a lot depends on the type of plant planted in your garden. The work of breeders, in the direction of adapting plants to the climatic conditions of specific regions, made it possible to expand the list of varieties that are resistant to weather disasters, and at the same time to promote southern crops to the middle and northern regions of Russia and the CIS countries. The gardens of the colder regions were replenished with new varieties of apple, pear and plum. Apricots and peaches have been moved beyond the warm south. An increasing number of different berry fields are offered to northerners by breeders.

It is quite understandable that the gardeners of the northern regions want to plant the largest possible list of frost-resistant crops in a limited area, the characteristics of which indicate that they can endure frosts of -35..- 45 ° С. However, in home plantings, such frost-resistant crops do not always meet the expectations of the owners and freeze out at relatively (for them) low frosts at -25..- 30 ° C. Why it happens?

Frost resistance and winter hardiness what is the difference?

Frost resistance is determined by the ability of a variety and type of plants to withstand extreme negative temperatures during the winter period without damage.

Winter hardiness of horticultural crops is determined by the plant's resistance to prolonged low temperatures during rest ("deep sleep"), including:

  • to extreme cold snaps in the middle and end of winter (return) frosts,
  • to sudden drops in temperature in the autumn,
  • to sharp returns of frost after the spring thaw.

Truly winter-hardy are only those varieties that are resistant to all temperature cataclysms in the autumn-winter-spring periods in a particular region, while the trees continue to function normally, and with minor frostbite they quickly recover.

For example, varieties of fruit crops that calmly endure frosts at -35..- 45 ° C in cold regions, in the south and in the middle lane, with temporary thaws uncharacteristic for Siberia, can be severely frostbite.

Improper agricultural technology is one of the reasons for the freezing of fruit crops

It should be noted that one of the reasons for the freezing of frost-resistant crops is the violation of the requirements for agrotechnical methods of growing crops. It is not enough to purchase frost-resistant varieties. They must be correctly placed in the garden, taking into account all territorial and biological requirements.

  • Give each tree sufficient row spacing and spacing. Do not thicken the planting, especially crops that require full sunlight.
  • Do not plant nearby crops, the proximity of which will oppress each other's root systems.
  • Cultures must be provided with a moisture reserve in the second half of the summer period. After harvesting, in the absence of rain, water the garden crops before winter.
  • When fertilizing in autumn, exclude or significantly limit nitrogen fertilizers.

The best frost-resistant varieties of popular fruit crops for various regions

Of course, this list of varieties includes the most familiar, with established qualities. But each gardener can choose from catalogs for his garden varieties of crops that he personally liked. The only condition is that a crop variety must be selected according to the sum of indicators of resistance to weather disasters.

For a list of hardy varieties of popular fruit crops for cold regions, see the next page

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