Currant Care Calendar By Months. Photo

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Currant Care Calendar By Months. Photo
Currant Care Calendar By Months. Photo

Video: Currant Care Calendar By Months. Photo

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Video: Kids vocabulary - Calendar - Months and Days - Learn English for kids - English educational video 2023, January
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To get a full harvest of currants (of various colors), you should know how to properly care for this crop and in what month what to do. This culture, by the way, requires attention almost all year round - work begins in March and ends in December, that is, a real connoisseur of currants, a caring owner has only two months of rest - this is January and February. Let's talk about what work must be done with currants during the specified calendar period.

Currants require attention almost all year round - from March to November
Currants require attention almost all year round - from March to November

Content:

  • Currant care in March
  • Currant care in April
  • Currant care in May
  • Currant care in June
  • Currant care in July
  • Currant care in August
  • Currant care in September
  • Currant care in October
  • Currant care in November
  • Currant care in December

Currant care in March

Pruning

In March, currant plants are usually pruned. For this you need to choose days with a temperature of at least five degrees below zero. At this time, it is imperative to cut off all dried shoots into a ring, those that hurt, those that were broken by snow or wind, as well as all shoots that grow deep into the crown (they will certainly lead to its thickening). All shoots must be taken out of the territory of the site and burned in order to avoid getting a possible infection into the soil.

Treatment against fungal infections

After pruning the plant, in order to prevent the development of fungal infection, it is advisable to treat it with copper sulfate. To do this, 100 g is diluted in a bucket of water and the aboveground mass of currants is well moistened.

Top dressing

Until the snow has completely melted, nitrogen fertilization can be applied. It is best to use urea: 15 g of it should be evenly scattered under each currant bush, having loosened the soil in advance.

Rooting cuttings

Closer to mid-March, you can cut currant shoots for subsequent reproduction and cut them into cuttings 15 cm long.The cuttings can be buried in the snow or put in a basement or in another room with a temperature of about zero degrees so that the buds do not bloom on them before planting.

Removal of kidney affected by kidney mites

At the end of March, you should take a closer look at the plants, especially the buds on them. If you notice that some of the kidneys are unnaturally large, round, swollen, then with a high degree of probability they are infected with a kidney mite. Such currant buds should be broken (pinched off) and destroyed. If there are most of these buds, then the bush can be completely cut off, leaving only small parts of the growths with a pair of buds, or completely removed from the site.

Removing shoots affected by powdery mildew

If you notice grayish-white spots on the tops of the shoots, then powdery mildew begins to develop, which will later switch to leaves and berries. Shoots of currants with signs of powdery mildew also need to be trimmed and burned.

Pruning seedlings planted in autumn

In the last days of March, you can prune bushes planted in the fall, which were not pruned in the fall. In order for young plants to bush, they must be cut short, leaving parts of the shoots with two pairs of healthy and well-developed buds.

Final inspection of currant plants

Inspect the plants again - ideally, each plant over three years of age should have about a dozen well-developed shoots, no more, if there are more of them, then the excess can be removed, giving preference to the youngest.

Spring rooting of currant cuttings
Spring rooting of currant cuttings

Currant care in April

Aphid control

The growing season usually begins in April, as evidenced by the blossoming currant buds. A little later, pests, such as aphids, may already attack the plants. To prevent aphids from harming buds and young leaves that are beginning to bloom, the bushes should be pollinated with tobacco dust mixed with wood ash in equal parts. It is preferable to water the plants by sprinkling. If every year the number of aphids is large, then part of the slaked lime can be added to the composition.

Soil cultivation in plantations of currants

In April, it's time to start working with the soil under the currants. You can start by loosening the soil to remove any possible soil crust. You need to loosen the soil to a depth of 7-9 centimeters at a distance of 50 cm from the center of the bush and 3-5 cm directly at the base of the bush.

Feeding currants

In mid-April, you can apply phosphorus and potash fertilizers. From phosphorus currants responds well to superphosphate, from potash - to potassium sulfate. Both fertilizers should be applied at 15 g of both for one plant. It is advisable to first loosen the soil, then sprinkle the fertilizers, then lightly sprinkle the soil with humus.

As soon as the plants begin to actively develop, you can once again enrich the soil with urea - 10 g for a currant bush. If the soil is dry enough by that time, then it must first be loosened and moistened, and after adding urea, mulch with humus.

Planting currant plants

This month is also very suitable for planting currant plants. It is advisable to have time before the buds on the seedlings bloom.

Planting lignified currant cuttings

In April, you can also start planting previously harvested lignified currant cuttings. It is advisable to plant them on a bed with loose, well-dug soil, devoid of weeds with fertilizers previously introduced into the soil: a bucket of humus and 12 g of nitroammofoska per 1m 2.

Cuttings of black currant are planted obliquely, at an angle of 45 0 with an orientation to the north, cuttings of colored currants are planted without inclination. The cuttings are buried in the ground so that a pair of healthy buds are on the surface, after which the cuttings are squeezed with soil so that voids do not form between the cuttings and the soil.

Planting scheme of currant cuttings - 20 cm between rows and 10 cm between cuttings.

After planting, the soil should be moistened, spending 1m 2 in a bucket of water.

Inspection of cuttings planted in the fall

Those currant cuttings that were planted in the fall (which is also quite acceptable) should be examined. It happens that the cuttings stick out from the soil, then they will have to be buried in the soil and also squeeze the soil with your hands.

Rooting cuttings

In April, you can prepare the plants or spread the shoots if you plan to propagate the currants with vertical or horizontal layers. When propagating by vertical layers, the plant must be earthed by a third of its height with loose and nutritious soil.

Plants intended for propagation by horizontal layers do not need to be hilled yet - their shoots should be placed on loose and nutritious soil, pinned down with metal or wooden staples and left.

In spring, currants should be regularly examined for diseases and pests
In spring, currants should be regularly examined for diseases and pests

Currant care in May

Work in May is reduced to caring for currant bushes. If you notice shoots on which terry inflorescences have formed, then such shoots should be cut and destroyed. When there are most of such shoots, the bushes need to be uprooted and destroyed; currants should not be planted in their place for five years. Reverse is a dangerous viral disease that makes no sense to fight.

Loosening the soil

In May, it is necessary to carry out three loosening of currants, four weeding, five watering, evenly distributing these activities throughout the month. You can also add nitroammophoska in the amount of a teaspoon under each bush.

Hilling shoots intended for vegetative propagation of currants

The shoots that we spread on the soil surface in April should already form vertical growths and should be sprinkled with soil halfway up.

Currant care in June

Feeding currants

In June, currants are actively growing. If in the past months you, for some reason, did not apply nitrogen fertilizers, then in June this can be done by adding a teaspoon of urea under each bush, if you did, then in June you can refuse to apply fertilizers.

Loosening the soil and watering currants

In June, you need to carry out four loosening of the soil, five irrigations and six weeding. The volume of water poured out is a bucket for each bush.

Fight against diseases and pests of currants

When diseases appear, you need to fight them using fungicides, when pests appear, you need to use insecticides and acaricides.

Rooting green currant cuttings

In the first decade of June, you can start cutting green currant cuttings and planting them in a greenhouse for reproduction. When propagated by green cuttings, plants turn out to be healthier than when propagated by woody cuttings, however, in this case, both material and physical costs are much higher.

In addition to cutting currant shoots and dividing them into cuttings, it is also necessary to prepare the greenhouse, cover it with a film and prepare a mixture consisting of nutritious soil, humus and river sand in equal proportions. On top of this layer, you need to pour a layer of river sand about 6 cm, and the first layer (in the base) to lay a layer of drainage, which can be used as expanded clay.

Cuttings of currants 12-14 cm long with a pair of leaves on the crown should be planted according to the 7x7 cm scheme, deepening them by 3-4 cm.When irrigated 6 times a day in hot weather and 5 times a day in cold and cloudy weather, they form full-fledged roots by the beginning of September.

Installation of annular supports on currants

Towards the end of the month, ring supports should be installed under the bushes so that the bush does not fall apart under the weight of the harvest.

Feeding currants

At the same time, when the berries are already starting to color a little, it is advisable to feed the plants with microfertilizers necessary for the full development of berries: add 1.5 g of copper sulfate, 2 g of boric acid, 6 g of manganese sulfate, 2.5 g of zinc sulfate and 2.5 g of molybdenum-acidic ammonium, dissolving these fertilizers in water (10 l) and well wetting the aboveground mass of plants.

Fighting powdery mildew on currants

With a significant defeat of currant berries, shoots and leaves with powdery mildew, you can still treat them with Bordeaux liquid (1%). This should be final processing before collection.

Harvesting is the most enjoyable currant care program
Harvesting is the most enjoyable currant care program

Currant care in July

Harvesting currants

In July, around the beginning of the first decade, the harvest begins. Currant berries should be harvested when they are completely colored and acquire the color typical of the variety.

It is advisable to collect the berries in medium-sized boxes that can hold up to ten kilograms of harvest.

Watering currants

This month, the laying of the next year's harvest also continues, therefore, after the first harvest, the bushes must be watered, spending 10 liters of water per plant.

Preventive treatments on currants

After harvesting the entire crop, the plants must be treated with fungicides, and after five days - with insecticides and acaricides.

Currant care in August

Feeding currants

At the very beginning of the month, currant bushes must be fed with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers, adding 10 g of superphosphate and 12 g of potassium sulfate under each bush.

Loosening the soil and watering currants

You should continue to loosen the soil (2-3 loosening), water the plants (a bucket under each bush five times in August), remove weeds (a couple of careful weeding in August will be enough).

Hilling cuttings

In August, you can pile up currant bushes with vertical layering and once again pile up vertical shoots that have grown from laid out horizontal ones, also half their length. This must be done at the very beginning of the month.

Currant care in September

Preparing the soil for planting currants

In September, you can prepare the soil for the autumn planting of currants: woody cuttings and cuttings with roots dug out of the greenhouse.

Separation of layering

At the end of the month, both vertical and horizontal layers should be separated from the mother plants and planted on the site.

Feeding currants

At the end of the month, currant bushes, if feeding was not carried out in August, can be fed with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers in the concentrations indicated above.

Currant care in October

Planting currants

You can continue planting currants, cuttings, cuttings in a permanent place or on a growing bed.

Collection and removal of fallen leaves

Leaf blades that have already fallen off, it is advisable to collect and burn. In October, you can spend a couple of waterings and the same amount of loosening of the soil.

Caring for currants in the fall is mainly reduced to harvesting fallen leaves
Caring for currants in the fall is mainly reduced to harvesting fallen leaves

Currant care in November

Cleaning of crop residues

At this time, you need to continue cleaning plant residues and burning them.

Pruning broken shoots

It is permissible to inspect the plants and if you notice broken shoots, then remove them.

Currant care in December

Additional cover for currant plants with snow

It is advisable to add snow to the plants so that they can endure the winter without problems.

Dear Readers! The terms given in this material should be considered approximate, they may vary somewhat, depending on weather conditions and the variety of currants.

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