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Video: Crispy Cucumber Is Very Good
2023 Author: Ava Durham | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 07:13
Cucumber is one of the few vegetables that is used unripe. Hence the name in Greek - "aguros", which means unripe. India is considered the birthplace of cucumber. The wild cucumber in its homeland is a tropical liana growing in the forests. From India, the cucumber began its triumphant march across countries and continents. He came to Russia in the 10-11th century. Presumably from Byzantium. And it became popular in the 16-17 centuries. During all this time, the cucumber has undergone centuries-old selection in many countries of the world.
In Russian breeding, old varieties of cucumber can be combined into several subgroups: South Russian (variety type Nezhinsky), Central Russian (variety type Muromsky), West Russian (variety type Dolzhik), East Russian (variety type Nerosimy).
The value of a cucumber lies in its pleasant taste and dietary qualities. The unique aroma of a cut cucumber alone is worth something! The pulp of a cucumber is 95-98% water. In addition to it, the chemical composition of fresh cucumbers includes sugars, fiber, protein substances, vitamins B, A, C, PP, and trace elements.
In Russia, cucumber has long been one of the favorite vegetables. The poet E. Yevtushenko noted this very accurately: “… And in Russia, every cucumber, with non-sticky tender earth, is like a dear little man and with any pimple - he is his own.” No wonder foreign travelers noted that cucumbers in Russia are bred in incredible quantities, and they could not understand why they grow better here than in Europe. You can eat cucumbers all year round: fresh, pickled and canned. So, our salted Nizhyn cucumber in the 18-19th centuries came to 56 countries of the world.
The breeders of the GAVRISH company have created wonderful cucumber hybrids - parthenocarpic and bee-pollinated. Let's get to know some of them better.
Parthenocarpic cucumbers are intended for cultivation in greenhouses, under temporary shelters and in open ground on soil or on trellises. They begin to bear fruit 39-44 days after germination. Plants are mostly vigorous (less often medium-sized, like F1 Goosebumps), female flowering type, are distinguished by complex resistance to the most harmful diseases.
Cucumber hybrid F1 Red mullet ideally combines early maturity and disease resistance. Cucumber Fruits F1 Emerald catkins are very strong and can withstand long-term transportation. Cucumber plants F1 Green Stream are easily adaptable to any external conditions. F1 Miracle bouquet is valued for its long-term and stable fruiting. The peculiarity of the F1 hybrid Lilliput is the smallest cucumber, no more than 3-5 cm. Pickles are collected daily. The uniqueness of the F1 Goosebump hybrid lies in the combination of parthenocarp, black thorns and high salting qualities. Cucumber F1 Shchedryk fully lives up to its name and is valued for the amicable return of the harvest, and the F1 hybrid Garland - for its large "bouquets".
Bee-pollinated hybrids of mixed flowering type, but with a sufficient number of female flowers. Up to 3 ovaries are laid in female knots. Cucumber hybrids F1 Cellar, F1 Khutorok, F1 Salted, F1 Zanachka are distinguished by harmonious fruit taste, ecological plasticity, and high yield. The fruits are used fresh and for canning.
What is important to know when growing a cucumber
Cucumber is a crop that, due to its early maturity, can be grown by direct sowing into the ground and through seedlings. For its successful cultivation, you need to know the following: the optimum temperature for seed germination is 25 ° C. In the first 3-4 days after the emergence of seedlings, the night temperature should be lower - 16-17 ° C, which will prevent stretching of the seedlings. When growing seedlings, it is important to maintain a temperature of 20-22 ° C during the day and 19-20 ° C at night. The difference between day and night air temperature ensures good root development and stimulates generative development. Air humidity when growing cucumber seedlings should be at least 60-70%.
It is advisable not to water the seedlings with clean water, but to use a 0.15% solution of complex mineral fertilizers for these purposes. This will not lead to "fattening" of plants, on the contrary, they will turn out to be more compact, strong, with an active root system. If it becomes necessary to postpone the planting period by several days, it is necessary to reduce the growing temperature during the day to 17-18 ° С and 15-16 ° С at night. In addition, dry the substrate or water the seedlings with a fertilizer solution of a higher concentration (0.25-0.30%).
When planting seedlings in a permanent place or sowing seeds in the ground, it must be remembered that the area for cucumbers should be selected highly fertile, with loose soil and a neutral reaction of the environment. The cucumber is very sensitive to low temperatures. The optimum temperature for its growth is 20-28 ° C during the day and 15-18 ° C at night.
All the intricacies of plant care cannot be contained in a small article. In the future, we will definitely continue to acquaint you with other varieties and hybrids of the Gavrish company and the peculiarities of their agricultural technology.
Agronomist Devyaterikova T. M., company "Gavrish"
Cucumber is the most popular vegetable crop. It is difficult to imagine a feast without a crispy and aromatic cucumber. It increases appetite, improves digestion, accelerates the excretion of salts from the body. Low calorie content in combination with a richness of mineral salts, vitamins and enzymes makes fresh cucumber fruits a reliable assistant in an effort to lose excess weight
Which cucumber seeds to choose for growing in their beds, in greenhouses, under shelters? In this video we will talk about the advantages and disadvantages of cucumber hybrids, parthenocarpic and bee-pollinated varieties, we will tell you what to look for when buying seeds
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Cucumbers, salted in a liter jar, are obtained as in a barrel if they are salted in a cold way. This pickling takes a minimum of time to cook. In a month, you will get crispy cucumbers, sharp, awesomely delicious, like in the village with grandma
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