Reproduction Of Roses By Budding - Everything That Novice Growers Need To Know. Photo

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Reproduction Of Roses By Budding - Everything That Novice Growers Need To Know. Photo
Reproduction Of Roses By Budding - Everything That Novice Growers Need To Know. Photo

Video: Reproduction Of Roses By Budding - Everything That Novice Growers Need To Know. Photo

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A kidney transplant is a difficult and responsible operation in general. Even when it comes to rose buds. In this article I will tell you the whole truth about grafting roses using the budding method. You will understand why usually gardeners do not plant roses, but prefer to buy already grafted ones in the nursery.

Reproduction of roses by budding - everything you need to know for novice growers
Reproduction of roses by budding - everything you need to know for novice growers

Content:

  • What is budding in theory?
  • "Pitfalls" of grafting roses by budding
  • Cutting or budding - which is better?
  • Re-vaccination: a new life for an old bush and a flight for imagination
  • Why are the kidneys not engrafting?
  • Think, is it really necessary for you to learn budding?

What is budding in theory?

Budding is the transplantation of a bud from a varietal plant to a rosehip stock.

In theory, a kidney can be transplanted to any part of the trunk. And not only the rose hips. A rose can be grafted onto another rose.

Usually the "donor" kidney transplanted onto the root collar of the rose hips takes root. After that, the upper part of the rosehip is cut off, and a rose begins to develop on its roots.

For roses, a kidney transplant is a familiar procedure. The result is strong and hardy rose bushes that will bloom within a year or two after the operation.

Just? In theory, yes.

"Pitfalls" of grafting roses by budding

Let me tell you about the example of transplanting a bud of a cultivated rose onto the root collar of an "uncultured" wild rose hip.

1. Correct rosehip

A strong one-year or regular two-year-old rosehip seedling acts as a "patient". The operation is carried out at the place where the stem passes into the root system. That is, it is no longer a stem, but also not a root - a root collar. The main requirement is that the root collar is not thinner than 6 mm in diameter, but not wider than 10-11 mm.

Rose budding is carried out at the place where the stem passes into the root system; that is, it is no longer a stem, but also not a root - a root collar
Rose budding is carried out at the place where the stem passes into the root system; that is, it is no longer a stem, but also not a root - a root collar

2. Corresponding kidney

We also take not the first kidney from the donor. The stalk of a cultivated rose must mature so that the bark, although young, is already dense enough, then it will grow well with the stock.

The kidney may be dormant if the vaccine is given in summer or fall. The sleeping kidney will take root, wake up and sprout only the next year.

In the spring, they are inoculated with a bud with a sprouting eye, it will take root and sprout within a few weeks after vaccination.

The stalk of a cultivated rose must ripen so that the bark, although young, is already dense enough
The stalk of a cultivated rose must ripen so that the bark, although young, is already dense enough

3. Skill in the operation

The very operation of budding requires a special tool, sterility, proven skills and speed of execution. Seconds of delay - the slices wind up, dry up, gather dust. The cut will not grow together if it is dry or dirt gets into it. If the size of the cut bark does not match the size of the attached "shield". If you cut the bud deeper than necessary, the piece of wood remaining on the scion contributes to the rejection of the graft.

The grafted kidney must be fixed very tightly. Small tape is fine, but special transparent tape is better.

So. Sow rose hips in advance. Will go broke for a vaccination instrument and film - is it worth it? Maybe it's better to look for alternatives …

Cutting or budding - which is better?

Having bought my first roses in the nursery, I thought for a long time: why such money !? 500 rubles! I bought two-year-olds that were already blooming in the year of purchase.

Five years later, the idea came to me to propagate my bushes, and I began to experiment. The simplest thing is grafting.

Three years later, I realized that I would not wait for normal bushes from cuttings, and the percentage of failed ones was not encouraging. For example, out of 20 planted cuttings of different varieties, only one survived to a three-year-old bush. Moreover, it was much inferior in size and beauty to the mother grafted bush.

It is necessary to vaccinate, I decided.

To be honest, I don't even remember exactly how many rosehip bushes I grew, and then ruined, how many times I cut my fingers, how many of my seemingly accepted grafted roses, magically turned into a rosehip in a year or two.

But I remember how many new bushes I have appeared in five years. Exactly five. Although I sowed rose hips in 40-50 bushes annually.

Either I cut off the kidney, or pick the wrong rosehip, or the wintering is unsuccessful, or even for no apparent reason the site of the graft breaks off from the root … It's a shame.

I will say this: budding is interesting, but you need to train and train …

The budding operation itself requires a special tool, sterility, proven skills and speed of execution
The budding operation itself requires a special tool, sterility, proven skills and speed of execution

Re-vaccination: a new life for an old bush and a flight for imagination

The budding training was unexpectedly useful to me when my gorgeous old rose did not recover at all after winter. For eight years she delighted me with flowering and now - she got out under cover. In the spring, all the shoots were black and did not show promise. But the roots are alive.

I was lucky that my neighbor had a bush of exactly the same type.

At the end of April, I shook off the soil and washed the root collar. I cut a stalk from a bush near a neighbor - a well-wintered shoot last year.

I found a spot on the neck of my old rose, where the bark is "younger". Armed with a grafting knife, I boldly made first a horizontal incision on the neck, and then from the bottom up - a vertical one. It turned out the letter T.

Peeling back the bark in April is easy. Then I cut off a 3-centimeter flap (flap of bark) with a sprouting eye from the donor cutting with one movement of the knife, and immediately from the knife - into its cut!

Tape tightly from above and below from the kidney. I covered it with peat, covered it with a cut five-liter bottle, crossed it and for two weeks tried not to even look in that direction. It rained, i.e. watering at the highest level.

After the May holidays, holding my breath, I shoveled the peat. The kidney has taken root and has already begun to grow!

This is how my yellow climbing rose got a second life. I'm waiting for flowering.

Why are the kidneys not engrafting?

Failures in budding roses happen from a lack of experience, and also from the vagaries of the weather.

Attention! In nurseries of the middle lane, roses are always grafted in greenhouse conditions and only then young grafted plants are gradually accustomed to winter.

Rose growers who like to experiment with different rose hips and different varieties of roses know that finding a successful stock for a particular variety takes decades. I chose the wrong rosehip - all efforts were wasted.

Professionals use proven scion / rootstock combinations.

I have already written about the instrument and its purity. Everything must be clean and fast, otherwise it will crash.

The fun part: choosing the right date!

In winter, roses are planted by professionals and mainly in the southern latitudes. I did not try.

In the spring, it is easy to vaccinate, and the result - after two to three weeks - is obvious. However, if the spring is cold or rainy, the experiment will fail. In summer, budding can be planned before the second wave of flowering. In the suburbs, this is mid-July - early August. Again, a lot depends on the weather.

In the fall, it is more difficult to vaccinate, you need to guess the time three weeks before frost. After grafting, immediately spud the plant high and with the onset of stable frosts, without cutting the rose hips, cover for the winter.

It is necessary to fix the grafted bud very tightly when budding a rose
It is necessary to fix the grafted bud very tightly when budding a rose

Think, is it really necessary for you to learn budding?

Do you want a strong, sturdy, beautiful rose bush with your own hands without material investment? It's possible! Get ready for temporary investments and store a wagon of patience and nerves.

Let's count.

  1. You need to sow the rosehip and wait two years until it grows. In this case, the dog rose must be weeded, fertilized and treated for diseases, protecting it from pests.
  2. Then - budding and … another year. So that a full-fledged bush develops from the grafted bud, which has successfully passed the winter.
  3. If you are successful, in 4 years you will have a young bush. It will be able to grow and please with abundant flowering in 1-2 years.

In total, from the idea to the desired result - 5-6 years !

Looking closely at the bushes in the nursery, I now think: why are they so cheap? 500 rubles. This is the same 4 years you have to wait and invest strength, knowledge, skills, time, money, so that this miracle grows!

I urge all tireless gardeners to try and master budding. Just don't expect it to be easy and simple. It will not be possible for us, amateurs, to take away bread from professionals so easily!

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