Sowing Calendar Of Vegetables For Seedlings 2020. Lunar Calendar By Months. Photo

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Sowing Calendar Of Vegetables For Seedlings 2020. Lunar Calendar By Months. Photo
Sowing Calendar Of Vegetables For Seedlings 2020. Lunar Calendar By Months. Photo

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Experiments with varieties and the desire to grow a good harvest of vegetables make gardeners forget about rest immediately after the winter holidays. Already in January, the seedling season begins - a period of responsible and very exciting work. And although the main months for sowing seedlings of vegetable crops are March and April, in January it is time to start preparing, and with supplementary lighting - and the first sowing. Growing your own seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and cabbage requires careful selection of planting dates and study of plant characteristics. And the best assistant in planning the seedling season is the vegetable sowing calendar for seedlings 2020.

Sowing calendar of vegetables for seedlings 2020
Sowing calendar of vegetables for seedlings 2020

Content:

  • How to use the sowing calendar?
  • Sowing calendar January 2020
  • Sowing calendar february 2020
  • Sowing calendar for March 2020
  • Sowing calendar April 2020
  • Sowing calendar for may 2020
  • Sowing calendar June 2020

How to use the sowing calendar?

The start of the season for growing seedlings of vegetables should not depend on the availability of favorable days or desire, but on the possibilities. For an early harvest, January and February sowing is preferable (especially if the seedlings are grown for greenhouses and greenhouses). But objective opportunities to provide small seedlings with everything they need for healthy development are much more important than any timing.

Seedling vegetables requires good bright lighting and controlled temperatures, careful maintenance, and protection from any extremes. And if there is no opportunity to provide them, it is better to postpone sowing. The safest months are "average" - March and April.

Special care in the selection of the timing of sowing vegetable seeds for seedlings should be observed in regions with severe winters. Indeed, with climate changes, real spring has to wait a long time. The vegetable sowing calendar shows the times and dates recommended for the middle lane. For northern regions and warmer climatic conditions, it is necessary to take into account local characteristics and shift the sowing dates by 2-3 weeks later or earlier, respectively.

For any plants, the optimal timing must be calculated individually - taking into account the duration of the growing season, the characteristics of the variety, the manufacturer's recommendations.

Sowing calendar January 2020

What to plant for seedlings in January?

Snowy and such a festive January is the month when you can start planning crops and, finally, sow the earliest vegetables. This is the main celery planting month and a very important period for fans of the incomparable leek. They simply cannot be grown in a seedless way where winters are frosty and long.

In January, if constant supplementary lighting is possible, sow:

  • late and slow growing greenhouse vegetables with the longest growing season;
  • vegetables for growing in pots and containers.

Celery is not accidentally called the main vegetable of January. With a very long growing season, it requires very early sowing and a lot of patience. But your own fragrant and so indispensable in a healthy diet, the harvest is worth the effort already in January. Celery can be sown throughout the month, but mid to late January is considered the most favorable.

Leek can also be considered a January vegetable. True, favorable lunar cycles for this perennial onion crop, the harvest of which must be waited for so long, fall only in the first decade of January. It is better to sow leeks in individual containers.

If you are lucky enough to own a greenhouse, or you plan to build greenhouses, it is in January that you can sow the first seedlings for an early harvest of almost all of your heat-loving favorites. Tomatoes, physalis, peppers, eggplants, zucchini, new varieties of Peking cabbage and collard greens, if desired, can be sown in the last days of January or in the first decade of the month - from 3 to 9 January. In January, medium and late varieties are traditionally sown.

The sweet potato can be planted for reproduction and sprouting from January 16 to 23. The same period is favorable for germination of potato seedlings and sowing seeds of elite varieties.

Also in January, do not forget about several small things that are important for growing seedlings of vegetables at home:

  • this month is ideal for checking seed germination;
  • while there is time, you can put things in order in the seed fund and collection, study catalogs and evaluate the recommendations of other gardeners;
  • this is the best month for stratification and other long term seed treatment.

How to care for seedlings in January?

January is the month when the chances of losing crops from blackleg and other fungal infections are very high. The combination of unstable temperatures and humidity in low light conditions is critical. In January, you need to water the seedlings carefully. Any waterlogging can turn into disaster for seedlings.

The temperature in January is worth keeping an eye on. Sudden surges, drafts, inaccurate ventilation, proximity to heating devices or opening window sashes are factors of increased risk.

Supplementary lighting is key in caring for vegetable seedlings in January. Insufficient daylight hours require crops to be placed on the brightest windowsill and additionally illuminated to prevent stretching. In January, usually all seedlings are supplemented with phytolamps for at least several hours a day.

Works with seeds and seedlings in January according to the lunar calendar

Type of work Auspicious days Unfavorable days
Seed soaking 1, 5, 6, 9-11, 16-19, 27-29 10, 24, 25, 26
Soil processing and preparation 4, 5, 6, 10, 13, 24, 30, 31
Shoot picking 13, 14
Top dressing 1, 5, 6, 9-11, 18, 19, 22-24, 27, 28
Watering 1, 5, 6, 9-11, 16-19, 22, 23, 27-29
Hardening of seedlings 20-29
Landing in the ground 1, 5, 6, 9, 11, 16-19, 22, 23, 27-29
Celery is the main vegetable in January
Celery is the main vegetable in January

Sowing calendar february 2020

What to plant for seedlings in February?

This is a kind of transition month. Usually, the third decade of February is used to start active sowing, which is considered the official start of the vegetable sowing period not only for indoor crops. February is the month of sowing for seedlings of late varieties of some southern favorites and those vegetable crops that either emerge slowly or grow slowly.

Throughout February, the period continues, favorable for sowing heat-loving leeks and celery on seedlings. Stem and root celery in February can be sown on the 6th, 7th or in the second decade of the month. For leeks, the most favorable are the beginning and end of the month - February 1-7, 26-28.

During February, due to the frequent change of conditions, you need to especially carefully monitor the pulling of celery seedlings. Since the seeds germinate slowly, it is better to carry out a pre-planting treatment - soaking in warm water with the addition of a growth stimulator.

Tomatoes are most often sown in February. It should be borne in mind that you will have to start planting in the soil 2 months after germination. For greenhouses, varieties with a long growing season are sown 1-7 days. Sowing of late varieties and all large-fruited tomatoes, the growing season of which lasts more than 100 days, begins at the end of the month. The most favorable days are from February 26 to 28. Physalis can be sown on the same days.

Has a long growing season and quite slow in the development of eggplant planted in late February, will achieve much earlier harvests. But this month, you need to sow eggplants carefully: in individual containers, without picking or with a very large distance between the seeds, which allows you to transfer plants without trauma to the roots.

The main seedlings for growing in greenhouses and hotbeds of all thermophilic vegetables can be sown at the end of the month. The last days of leap February are great for sowing sweet peppers, chili and ornamental hot peppers for pot cultivation. When sowing in February, it is better to treat pepper seeds with a weak solution of growth stimulants. This month, it is better to sow seeds without picking - in individual containers or cassettes.

Sowing of black onions for seedlings is becoming more and more popular, which allows you to get large heads by autumn. For seedling cultivation, Dutch onions are used, which form bulbs in the first season. Onion seedlings are unpretentious, but require a lot of space and patience, because the sprouts are very weak at first. Sowing of black onions can be carried out from mid-February.

You can sow cucumbers on seedlings for a greenhouse in February. For sowing in the last week of February, select varieties from which you will have to wait the longest or varieties with unknown characteristics. Many gardeners prefer to experiment with cucumbers in February, and leave the most "proven" varieties for March.

For all types of cabbage, especially early white cabbage, as well as for kohlrabi and Brussels sprouts in February, you can use favorable days at the beginning and end of the month. But broccoli or cauliflower is best sown for seedlings in the second half of February. If desired, in the last days of the month, even zucchini, squash and squash for the greenhouse can be sown on seedlings.

Sweet potatoes, Jerusalem artichoke and potatoes are planted for seedlings and germination for reproduction from 12 to 20 February. In the middle of the month, you can sow potato seeds to get a full harvest next year.

For seedlings of chard, chicory, sorrel and spinach in February, the third decade is more suitable. At the same time, all the classic and unusual varieties of basil are sown, which for an early harvest in greenhouses and greenhouses can also be grown by seedlings.

How to care for seedlings in February?

Care for vegetable seedlings in February is not much different from January. It's also worth keeping an eye on the lighting this month. All signs of a lack of light need to be compensated in time, and the plants should be placed on the brightest window sills in the house. Additional lighting is the best prevention of problems with diseases and pests. As with regular airing, daily removal of cover from containers of crops to prevent the accumulation of excessive moisture.

If the seedlings are still stretched out and mistakes were made in irrigation, you can add perlite, sand or a disinfected substrate to the seedlings, creating a mulching effect.

Top dressing this month is still undesirable. Grooming actually boils down to gentle hydration. Only early January crops may require pinching of the tops.

Works with seeds and seedlings in February, according to the lunar calendar

Type of work Auspicious days Unfavorable days
Seed soaking 1-3, 6, 7, 12-15, 23-25, 28, 29 9, 21, 22, 23
Soil processing and preparation 1, 2, 9, 11, 26
Shoot picking 12, 13, 19, 20
Top dressing 1-3, 6, 7, 14, 15, 19, 20, 23-25, 28, 29
Watering 1-3, 6, 7, 9, 12-15, 19, 20, 24-25, 28, 29
Hardening of seedlings 19-29
Landing in the ground 1-3, 6, 7, 12-15, 19, 20, 24-25, 28-29
Tomatoes most often begin to be sown in February
Tomatoes most often begin to be sown in February

Sowing calendar for March 2020

If you miss the time in March and do not prepare for a pick, do not stock up on substrate and everything you need, in April there may not be enough time for basic care. This month, you should record information on time and organize the entire collection of seedlings. After all, the more the seedlings grow, the easier it is to get confused in the varieties. Plates and tags, records and labels are the best helpers.

What to plant for seedlings in March?

The main vegetable month is the undisputed favorite of all heat-loving vegetables without exception. Tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants love the March sowing, and the plants are much easier to care for.

Tomatoes in March require careful planning. Indeed, according to the lunar calendar, it is better to sow them either at the beginning of the month - from 1 to 6 March, or at the end - from 25 to 31. It is better to select varieties according to the duration of the growing season, height and early maturity. In March, tomatoes are sown not only for greenhouses and greenhouses, but also for open ground. It is better to sow determinant varieties at the beginning of the month, high varieties - at the end.

Eggplants are also lovers of March crops. If you postpone their sowing at a later date, then the harvest will have to wait too long. Eggplants are sown this month either in the first decade or in the last 5 days. When caring for seedlings, remember that photophilousness is one of the main features of this culture. Daylight hours need to be maintained at 12 hours.

Hot, sweet peppers in March are best sown in the first or third decade. The beginning of the month is ideal for all large-fruited varieties of peppers, as well as salad varieties with juicy, thick pulp. But the sowing of paprika can be postponed to a later date.

For cultivation in greenhouses in March, they begin to sow seedlings of cucumbers. Early March sowing allows for bountiful harvests in June. Of course, it is better to make the choice in favor of varieties that are more suitable for indoor use.

In March, they begin to sow early varieties of white cabbage, trying to use favorable days in the middle of the month. For growing in a greenhouse in March, you can sow all types of collard greens, broccoli, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage.

For all root crops, including late germination of sweet potato seedlings, sowing of root parsley and celery, the second decade will be most favorable in March. If you sow beets on seedlings, then after a month your favorite root crop can be transferred to the soil of a greenhouse or greenhouse.

You can still have time to sow leeks for seedlings in the first half of the month. The first decade is the only favorable period for sowing seeds of onions, chives, and other decorative and edible onions. In the second half of March, basil, chard and other stem and leafy vegetables are sown on seedlings.

If you grow pumpkin or zucchini through seedlings, like to "speed up" melons and other vegetables, then sow in the last decade of March. When growing early ripening pumpkins and squash, sowing is carried out 35-40 days before the date of planting in the greenhouse.

How to care for seedlings in March?

New crops must be combined with active care for growing seedlings, picking seedlings and providing plants with everything they need. In March, you need to remember the need:

  • maintain optimal average soil moisture, protecting plants from drying out the soil and moisture;
  • monitor uniform lighting and timely turning of plants;
  • provide supplementary lighting on bad days;
  • monitor air temperatures (for seedlings that prefer coolness, allocate a separate place);
  • start airing, on warm days - take out January and February crops to fresh air on sheltered balconies;
  • introduce feeding for cut seedlings into care;
  • to form plants in time.

Works with seeds and seedlings in March, according to the lunar calendar

Type of work Auspicious days Unfavorable days
Seed soaking 4, 5, 6, 11, 12, 13, 14, 22, 23, 27, 28 9, 21, 22, 23
Soil processing and preparation 9, 15, 25, 26, 27, 28, 31
Shoot picking 11, 12, 17, 18
Top dressing 1, 4, 5, 6, 13, 14, 17, 18, 22, 23, 27, 28
Watering 1, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 22, 27, 28
Hardening of seedlings 4-18, 27, 28
Landing in greenhouses 1, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 22, 27, 28

Sowing calendar April 2020

What to plant for seedlings in April?

In April, any vegetables sprout much faster, and the seedlings develop so actively that they need careful monitoring. This month, you can sow not only vegetables with a long growing season, but also "early ripening" vegetables, as well as all types of vegetables that should yield a harvest closer to autumn.

In April, they continue sowing for all southern vegetables - tomatoes, physalis, peppers; at the beginning of the month, they carry out the last sowing of eggplants with a shortened growing season. True, for both tomatoes and peppers in April, the choice of early ripening and early varieties is more relevant. For heat-loving vegetables, which began to be sown back in March, the beginning of the month and the last week of April are suitable. But it is better to take advantage of any favorable day on the lunar calendar.

April is the month of the main sowing of cabbage. All types of white cabbage, kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, Peking cabbage, pok-choy, leaf feces - there is plenty to choose from. In April, it is important to abundantly moisten the soil before sowing and soak the seeds (you can use a contrasting one, in hot and cold water). The most favorable for all leafy and cauliflower cabbages are the middle and beginning of the month, and for cabbages - the third decade.

Compete in the importance of planting seedlings in April and cabbage can except cucumbers. They are most often sown in April. Soaking and treating seeds speeds up the waiting process, while gentle moistening and good lighting will allow for rapid growth.

If zucchini and Co. are grown through seedlings, then after warm treatment and germination, the seeds are sown in April. To accelerate the development of melons, squash, pumpkin and zucchini (harvesting an average of 3 weeks earlier), you can sow in individual containers for seedlings in the first decade or from April 24 to April 29.

How to care for seedlings in April?

This month, all attention should be directed to the basic care of vegetable seedlings and its three main components:

  • watering;
  • formation;
  • feeding.

It is important to avoid any extremes with vegetable seedlings. After all, both excessive and insufficient watering, overfeeding and underfeeding are equally dangerous. By pinching and removing excess shoots, the future size of the plant is controlled. Hardening, if not started in March, should start exactly this month.

Works with seeds and seedlings in April, according to the lunar calendar

Type of work Auspicious days Unfavorable days
Seed soaking 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 18, 19, 23, 24, 28, 29 9, 19-21, 23, 24
Soil processing and preparation 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 18, 20, 21, 25, 26
Shoot picking 13, 14
Top dressing 1, 2, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18, 19, 23, 24, 28, 29
Watering 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18, 19, 24, 28, 29
Hardening of seedlings 1-13, 18-29
Landing in greenhouses, hotbeds 1, 2, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18, 19, 24, 28, 29
April is the month of the main sowing of cabbage
April is the month of the main sowing of cabbage

Sowing calendar for may 2020

What to plant for seedlings in May?

May is considered not a month of crops for seedlings, but a month of hardening and preparation for planting in the soil. But while you have to wait for the end of May to carry the seedlings into the ground, you can have time to sow seedlings of early and early ripening varieties and vegetables with a short growing season.

Crops for seedlings in May include not as many “items” as in previous months. This month (preferably in early May), you can continue sowing early white cabbage, collard greens and cauliflower.

To accelerate the growing season in the first decade of May, you can also sow cucumbers, zucchini, squash, pumpkin and all melons. Sowing for these plants is carried out in individual containers. Sowing in May for seedlings will allow you to achieve flowering and harvest 2-3 weeks earlier.

For planting seedlings of all vegetables sown in previous months into the ground, use favorable days for working with plants. When choosing the timing of planting, you need to take into account the degree of cold resistance of plants and carefully check the recommendations for a particular variety and species.

How to care for seedlings in May?

The hardening of plants comes to the fore in May. Removal to fresh air, gradual accustoming to the conditions of the garden and the vagaries of the weather, lowering the overall temperatures of the content will allow the seedlings of vegetables to be hardened before planting and increase endurance and adaptive abilities.

In May, you should not make mistakes with watering and weaken the plants before they are planted in the soil, but top dressing should be limited to minimal.

Organizational chores and preparation for planting and transportation of plants should be given as much time as care.

Works with seeds and seedlings in May, according to the lunar calendar

Type of work Auspicious days Unfavorable days
Seed soaking 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26 7, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22
Soil processing and preparation 2, 3, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 27
Shoot picking 11, 12, 20, 21
Top dressing 1, 6, 7, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26
Watering 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 25, 26
Hardening of seedlings 1-26
Landing in greenhouses, hotbeds, soil 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 25, 26

Sowing calendar June 2020

What to plant for seedlings in June?

In the first calendar month of summer, seeds are not sown for seedlings - except for early ripening vegetables or salads for transferring to containers and potted gardens. This is the main month for transplanting seedlings into the soil, when open ground conditions in the middle lane make it possible to find a permanent place for even the most thermophilic species.

Planting seedlings in June is best completed in the first decade, without waiting for the hottest temperatures. Of course, for thermophilic plants, you need to wait for the period when the threat of return frosts disappears.

If you plan to replace vegetables in the greenhouse with new ones, then for early, fruit-bearing vegetables - tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers or stem vegetables and cabbage - in June, you can sow for "replacement". In June, vegetables are sometimes sown for seedlings, which are planted in the soil only in the middle and late summer - including cabbage and collard greens, chicory, which adore the cold autumn months.

How to care for seedlings in June?

Both before and after transplanting seedlings into the ground require intensive care. Already mature plants, ready to move to a new location, are more sensitive to soil moisture. After transplanting, for quick adaptation, protect the seedlings from the sun and do not let them suffer from drought.

Works with seeds and seedlings in June, according to the lunar calendar

Type of work Auspicious days Unfavorable days
Seed soaking 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23, 28, 29, 30 5, 9, 10, 11, 20, 21
Soil processing and preparation 5, 6, 9, 10, 15, 17, 18, 19, 25, 27
Shoot picking 7, 8, 17, 18, 26, 27
Top dressing 3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23, 30
Watering 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 29, 30
Hardening of seedlings 1-30
Planting in the ground, greenhouses 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 29, 30

Dear Readers! Using the sowing calendar when growing seedlings of vegetables and focusing on favorable days for sowing, always take into account the climatic characteristics of your region and the varietal qualities of plants.

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