20+ Flowers To Sow Before Winter. Name, Description, Photo

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20+ Flowers To Sow Before Winter. Name, Description, Photo
20+ Flowers To Sow Before Winter. Name, Description, Photo

Video: 20+ Flowers To Sow Before Winter. Name, Description, Photo

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Have you already finished your summer cottage season by "mothballing" your house for the winter and saying goodbye to your plants until spring? There is a reason to visit the dacha again, because you have not sown flowers before winter! This process will bring a little trouble, and in the spring you will thank yourself for your prudence. After all, annual and perennial flowers sown before winter are practically free seedlings of flowers, which, moreover, will bloom before two weeks earlier. What flowers can be sown before winter, we will tell in this publication.

20+ flowers to sow before winter
20+ flowers to sow before winter

Content:

  • Summer plants that can be sown before winter
  • Biennial and perennial flowers that can be sown before winter

Summer plants that can be sown before winter

1. Alyssum marine and lobularia marine

Sowing in the winter of these very similar (both externally and in care), but still different colors, allows you to get strong hardened seedlings, adapted to open ground conditions.

A sowing bed is chosen with loose soil, with an acidity close to neutral. The seeds of alyssum (Alyssum maritimum) and lobularia (Lobularia maritima) are very small, so they can be sown in a mixture with river sand. Seeds are sown in frozen ground, it is desirable to mulch the crops.

2. Aster annual, or Chinese Callistephus

When sowing asters (Callistephus chinensis) in winter, the risk of fungal diseases, which seriously damage these flowers, decreases. And the plants themselves bloom much earlier than when sown in spring.

For winter sowing of asters, it is very important to choose the right place. Plants need a sunny area with loose soil and neutral acidity to grow and bloom. It is advisable to choose marigolds or calendula as predecessors. You can not plant asters after the asters themselves, tulips, gladioli.

It is advisable to prepare the bed raised, 15-20 cm high, water will not stagnate on it, and in spring it will warm up quickly enough.

In no case should fresh manure be applied to the bed for sowing asters. After preparing the grooves for sowing, they need to be shed with the drugs "Maxim", "Fitosporin" to prevent the spread of fungal diseases.

Aster seeds remain viable for no more than three years, and the closer the expiration date of the seeds is, the worse they germinate, therefore, before winter, aster seeds need to be sown quite often, on the basis that not all of them will germinate. Seeds are sown to a depth of 2 cm, covered with prepared dry soil on top. You can additionally mulch the bed with sawdust or peat.

3. Marigolds

There are conflicting opinions on the possibility of sowing marigolds (Tagetes) before winter. The thing is that marigold seeds need warmth to germinate. And with a lack of heat and excess moisture, the seeds can simply rot. Therefore, it is better to sow heat-loving marigolds before winter in regions with not very cold winters and early spring.

In colder climates, such sowing is quite risky. Experienced gardeners are advised to try sowing marigolds before winter, not in open ground, but in a greenhouse. Be sure to cover such crops with a layer of peat for the winter.

Lobularia maritima
Lobularia maritima
Aster annual, or Chinese Callistephus (Callistephus chinensis)
Aster annual, or Chinese Callistephus (Callistephus chinensis)
Marigolds (Tagetes)
Marigolds (Tagetes)

4. Godetia

An elegant flower for flower beds, borders. Godetia is also very good in pots and containers. Planting godetia seeds before winter allows for an earlier and more abundant flowering. Similar to sowing marigolds, godetia seeds are recommended to be sown in regions with fairly warm winters. But many growers from colder regions successfully grow godetia and sow before winter.

It is advisable to sow seeds immediately to a permanent place. The plant prefers a sunny location and fertile soil. Crops should be mulched to protect them from frost and excess moisture.

5. Calendula, or Marigold

Even for inexperienced growers, sowing and growing calendula (Calendula) does not cause any difficulties. The plant is distinguished by its unpretentiousness. Calendula is a cold-resistant crop that sprouts without problems in the spring after sowing before winter.

You can sow calendula seeds in almost any soil. Sowing can be done on a seedling bed or immediately to a permanent place - the plant easily tolerates a transplant. If you plan to grow calendula in containers, then you can sow seeds directly into them, be sure to make drainage there.

6. Kosmeya, or Space

Cosmos are very beautiful and at the same time unpretentious flowers, for which they are loved by many summer residents. Sowing cosmos seeds before winter will not cause any problems. She herself often reproduces by self-seeding. In this case, excess seedlings can be removed in the spring.

For sowing cosmos, sunny areas with well-drained loose soil are ideal. If the soil is too nutritious, the plant will begin to build up green mass at the expense of flowering, so do not overuse fertilization. As a rule, kosmeya is sown immediately to a permanent place.

Godetia
Godetia
Calendula, or Marigold (Calendula)
Calendula, or Marigold (Calendula)
Cosmeya, or Cosmos (Cosmos)
Cosmeya, or Cosmos (Cosmos)

7. Lavatera

Lavatera (Lavatera), popularly also called the wild rose - is another unpretentious beautiful flower. Ideal for low maintenance flower gardens, it is suitable for growing in containers, flower beds and borders.

The plant is very unpretentious, but it still develops better in well-lit areas with light, loose soil. The plant is absolutely undemanding to mineral nutrition; fertilization for planting is necessary only on very poor and depleted soil.

Lavater seeds, as a rule, are sown immediately to a permanent place before winter. It is advisable to mulch crops for the winter.

8. Phlox Drummond

Seeds of annual phlox (Phlox Drummondii) are frost-resistant, so the plant can be successfully sown before winter. However, it should be borne in mind that with prolonged thaws, seeds may germinate ahead of time, and seedlings may die from recurrent frosts. Therefore, you need to provide a shelter for crops with phlox.

Ideal - small arches or an inverted vegetable drawer with stretched covering material.

9. Californian Eschsholzia

Sowing Eschscholzia californica before winter is one of the simplest methods of growing it. With this sowing, the seeds undergo natural stratification, and the seedlings bloom much earlier than in the spring. Escholzia does not tolerate transplanting well, so it is immediately sown to a permanent place.

The plot for sowing is chosen sunny with loose, air-permeable soil. It is advisable to mulch crops.

Lavatera
Lavatera
Phlox Drummondii
Phlox Drummondii
Californian Eschscholzia (Eschscholzia californica)
Californian Eschscholzia (Eschscholzia californica)

In addition to the annual flowers described above, before winter you can sow: field cornflower, annual delphinium, Iberis, cochia, snapdragon antirrinum, annual poppy, mattiolu.

Biennial and perennial flowers that can be sown before winter

10. Aquilegia

Aquilegia is a charming plant with delicate foliage. It is widely used for decorating flower beds, borders of ridges, mixborders. It is very popular because of its unpretentiousness.

Aquilegia seeds must necessarily undergo stratification in cold conditions, therefore autumn sowing is preferable. Aquilegia does not like transplanting, it is better to sow it immediately to a permanent place. The plant prefers partial shade and loose, humus-rich soils. When sowing, the seeds do not need to be deeply buried in the ground, it is enough to sprinkle them a little. The crop bed must be covered with mulch.

11. Alpine aster

Growing alpine asters (Aster alpinus) from seeds is not difficult. It can be sown before winter or in spring in May. Autumn sowing is preferable, after stratification under natural conditions, the seeds germinate much better. Aster seeds are small enough, it is better to sow them in boxes or containers, and then dig into the ground. But you can immediately go to a permanent place.

To grow asters, you need to choose sunny places or partial shade. The bed must be in a slightly elevated place. The plant does not grow well in damp or humid places. Crops are sprinkled with a thin layer of humus. It is better to mulch them for the winter.

12. Badan

The process of growing bergenia (Bergenia) from seeds is not easy. Seeds need cold stratification for germination, and in spring they need to be at a certain temperature. Seeds and seedlings are very small, besides, seedlings develop rather slowly. For this reason, when sowing badan seeds, it is important to adhere to a certain technology:

  • seeds before sowing must be treated with a fungicide for the prevention of diseases, for example, "Fitosporin";
  • sowing seeds should be in boxes with loose soil to a depth of no more than 0.5 cm;
  • The seed box will need to be kept outdoors, under the snow. Thus, seed stratification will take place.

In the spring, at the beginning of March, the boxes must be brought into a room, where at a temperature of 18-19 ° C the seeds will germinate for about a month. Crops should be kept in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight.

As shoots appear, you need to monitor the moisture content of the soil. The soil should not be dry or excessively wet. Seedlings develop very slowly, they can be cut into pots when they reach a height of 10-12 cm. Plants will bloom for 3-4 years.

Aquilegia
Aquilegia
Alpine aster (Aster alpinus)
Alpine aster (Aster alpinus)
Badan (Bergenia)
Badan (Bergenia)

13. Gypsophila

Gypsophila (Gypsophila) tolerates transplanting very badly, it must be sown immediately to a permanent place. Gypsophila can grow in one place for a very long time, so it is important to immediately choose the right one for them. Plants grow strongly over the years, therefore, the gypsophila is located quite freely - 2-3 plants per square meter.

For sowing, you need to pick up an open, sunny place, preferably with loose sandy loam soil. If the soil is dense, be sure to add small pebbles and sand to it. The site must be dry enough, without stagnant water - gypsophila can die with strong moisture.

14. Geichera

Heuchera reproduces well by seeds, but it must be borne in mind that seeds do not germinate for so long. Heuchera seeds and shoots are very small, so sowing and caring for seedlings can be quite troublesome. It is more convenient to sow Heuchera in boxes with loose, well-drained soil. The soil should not be acidic. The seeds do not need to be buried, it is enough to press them down a little.

15. Gentian

An interesting plant for rocky hills, rock gardens. Gentians (Gentiana) are not yet very common in flower beds, possibly due to the fact that they are not easy to grow from seeds. To get gentian seedlings, you need to know that it needs long-term stratification in cold conditions. Under conditions of exposure to temperature extremes, soil moisture in the seeds, processes occur that promote their germination.

It is better to sow gentian in boxes or pots with loose soil. Sprinkle the seeds with a layer of soil and bury the containers in the ground in a shady place. In the spring you need to make sure that the soil in them does not dry out.

Gentian sown in autumn, as a rule, emerge in May - June. It also happens that the seeds that did not sprout in the spring sprout the next year. Therefore, do not rush to throw the earth out of the boxes. Keep the boxes in partial shade and keep the soil moist. And in winter, leave them on the street again.

Gypsophila
Gypsophila
Heuchera
Heuchera
Gentian (Gentiana)
Gentian (Gentiana)

16. Delphinium

Growing a Delphinium from seeds is not easy. When sowing, be sure to consider the following:

  • delphinium needs cold stratification, therefore, it is preferable to sow it before winter;
  • only fresh delphinium seeds germinate well. If planting is postponed until spring, then the seeds must be stored in the refrigerator;
  • they can only be sown in light, loose soil. In heavy clay soil, they usually do not emerge.

Delphiniums do not tolerate transplanting well, so it is advisable to sow them immediately to a permanent place. For sowing, you need to choose a sunny, wind-protected flower bed. Seeds are not sown deeply, by 2-3 mm, crops for the winter need to be covered with mulch.

17. Carpathian bell

Usually the Carpathian bell (Campanula carpatica) is sown just before winter. A well-lit place is selected for sowing. The soil is preferable well-drained with an acidity close to neutral.

Soil preparation is standard, it consists in digging and fertilizing. Humus and sand are introduced into heavy soil. If the acidity is high - lime, dolomite flour or ash.

18. Lavender

Lavender (Lavandula) is a very attractive plant, but quite whimsical when grown from seed. If you are having trouble getting her seedlings to germinate, try sowing lavender before winter. The thing is that she definitely needs to go through the stage of cold stratification. If sowing in the spring, you will have to place the seed bowls in the refrigerator.

For sowing lavender in open ground, you need to choose a sunny, wind-protected place, always dry, without stagnant water. The soil for growing lavender should be loose and fertile. The plant does not grow well on acidic soils, therefore, with increased acidity, lime or wood ash must be added in advance.

When planting, the seeds do not need to be buried too deeply into the soil, about 3-4 mm. You can sprinkle the grooves with the seeds with river sand. After sowing, the garden bed must be mulched for the winter, and with the onset of stable frosts, throw more snow on the garden bed.

Usually shoots appear in May – June. Seeds can sprout later, so don't try to dig the garden too early. When the seedlings appear, you need to control the watering - the soil should be moist, but not flooded with water.

Delphinium
Delphinium
Carpathian bell (Campanula carpatica)
Carpathian bell (Campanula carpatica)
Lavender (Lavandula)
Lavender (Lavandula)

19. Lupine

Perennial lupins (Lupinus) are not only a bright decoration of the flower bed, but also a valuable green manure plant. Although, usually, like green manure, they sow annual lupine. Unlike spring sowing, when sown before winter, seeds give amicable shoots.

It is better to sow lupine immediately to a permanent place. When sowing, you need to take into account the size of adult plants, the seeds must be planted with a distance of at least 25-30 cm. For sowing, it is advisable to choose a sunny place or partial shade, soil with an acidity close to neutral. The plant does not tolerate the close occurrence of groundwater.

20. Primrose

Getting primrose (Primula) from seeds is not very easy, not every grower succeeds. Primrose seeds require stratification, so sowing it before winter is desirable. It should be borne in mind that seed germination is quite low, especially if the seeds are not just harvested. The seeds of the flower are small, and the seedlings are very small at first. Therefore, it is recommended to sow it not in a garden bed, but in a separate box.

Before sowing, the soil must be very carefully prepared. If the soil in the area is very dense, it will be difficult for small seedlings to break through. Therefore, the soil must be loose, well-drained. You can even stock up on good store soil for primrose sowing. This soil will not contain weed seeds. And as a rule, ready-made soils of good quality are very loose and light.

Primrose seeds are sown superficially, slightly covered with soil. It is better to put a box with crops in partial shade so that the spring sun does not burn delicate seedlings. It is necessary to carefully monitor the moisture content of the soil. Small seedlings can die even with a short-term drought, and with an excess of moisture, they can suffer from waterlogging. Primrose seedlings develop rather slowly. And all this time the crops need careful maintenance.

21. Nivyanik, or "garden chamomile"

Leucanthemum seeds, or garden chamomile, as gardeners often call this flower, are distinguished by good winter hardiness, they can be sown both before winter and in early spring. With this seeding, the entrances will be stronger and hardened.

The preparation of the beds and the soil for sowing is standard, you can sow the cornflower on the seedling bed, or you can immediately at a permanent place.

Lupine (Lupinus)
Lupine (Lupinus)
Primula (Primula)
Primula (Primula)
Nivyanik (Leucanthemum)
Nivyanik (Leucanthemum)

Dear Readers! In addition to the plants listed above, you can sow aconite, arabis, buzulnik, gailardia, helenium, doronicum, saxifrage, clematis, levisia, flax, lychnis, euphorbia, obrieta, sedums, rudbeckia, garden yarrow before winter. From biennial flowers - mallow, daisy, forget-me-not, Turkish carnation.

As you can see, the list of flowers that can be grown by sowing before winter is quite large. Sowing under winter gives undeniable advantages, especially sowing perennials.

And it's also convenient. Therefore, try, if in doubt, sow some of the seeds in the fall, the other in the spring. Do not forget to share your impressions in the comments to the article.

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