The Best Tomato Varieties For Extreme Conditions - Short Summer Or Heat. Recommendations, Photos

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The Best Tomato Varieties For Extreme Conditions - Short Summer Or Heat. Recommendations, Photos
The Best Tomato Varieties For Extreme Conditions - Short Summer Or Heat. Recommendations, Photos
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Today there are over 3000 varieties of tomatoes. Such a variety, on the one hand, delights, on the other, puzzles: why so much? And the fact is that breeders are striving to improve the culture and get, if not the perfect tomato, then the best one in taste, disease resistance and yield. And in this issue an important role is played by the climate, which is somewhere too cold for culture, and somewhere too hot. Hence, one of the breeding goals is to develop optimally resistant varieties and hybrids for each conditions. And today this task has been largely accomplished. So, which varieties of tomatoes are the best for a short summer, and which ones are for the heat?

The best tomato varieties for extreme conditions - short summer or heat
The best tomato varieties for extreme conditions - short summer or heat

Content:

  • The best varieties of tomatoes for a short summer
  • Heat-resistant varieties of tomatoes
  • Recommendations for choosing tomato varieties

The best varieties of tomatoes for a short summer

One of the unfavorable factors for growing tomatoes is the short summer. So, in Siberia and the Urals, negative temperatures can be observed as early as June in the form of return frosts, and then in September. In this short period, not every variety and hybrid of tomato has time to reveal its potential.

In addition, fogs, heavy rainfall, and cold dew should be attributed to local adverse factors. That is why these lands are called “the zone of risky agriculture” - you never know what the summer will be like, and how your labors will end.

Understanding this problem, Siberian and Ural breeders have bred a number of varieties with short ripening periods, harmonious yield, resistance to lack of light, temperature extremes, drought and diseases. And despite the fact that tomatoes cannot stand a drop in temperature below +8 ° C, today there are a number of frost-resistant varieties that can withstand short-term drops in temperature - even up to -5 ° C.

Their author is the famous breeder Pavel Yakovlevich Saraev. These are "Saraevsky No. 1", "Orenburgers", "Los", "July", "I-2", "I-3", "Sibiryak", "Abundant Sarayeva", etc. In total, the breeder bred about 50 frost-resistant varieties and dozens of cold-resistant varieties, most of which are also drought-resistant. All of them are distinguished by their rapid development, good yield and early maturity.

Thus, when choosing varieties of tomatoes for the zone of risky farming, first of all, it is necessary to pay attention to their cold resistance. And if there is no such data? Then you can rely on other guidelines, for example, on who bred this variety.

Siberian or Ural scientists-breeders are working on the selection of tomatoes for a short summer. Among them are Valentina Nikolaevna Gubko (SibNIIRS), the peasant farm "Kondakov Sergey Nikolaevich", LLC "Seeds of Altai". Pay attention to who the seed producer is. In this case, the following companies are of interest: the agricultural firm "Siberian Garden", "Agro Seed Company", "House of Seeds", "Uralsky Dachnik". The Poisk agricultural holding has a series of seeds for Siberia, Eurosemena (Barnaul) offers the Siberia Yielding line.

Tomato "Abundant Sarajeva"
Tomato "Abundant Sarajeva"
Tomato "Summer resident"
Tomato "Summer resident"
Tomato "Pink Siberian Tiger"
Tomato "Pink Siberian Tiger"

You can also focus on the early maturity and height of the bush. So, in open ground conditions, early maturing determinant (with limited growth) varieties will be the best option: "Dachnik", "Petrusha gardener", "Lyana", "Fighter", "Rodnichok F1", "Velmozha", "Moskvich", "Klusha "," Dubok "," Leningrad chill "," Countryman "," Flag ", series" Gnome ", etc. If desired, they can be planted in the greenhouse, occupying the extreme beds under the slope of the walls. The harvest of such varieties and hybrids is formed quickly, ripening is amicable - the tomatoes have time to ripen before the end of summer.

However, indeterminate (unlimited growth) varieties have tastier fruits. They can also be grown under these conditions, but in a greenhouse - "Abakan Pink", "King of Siberia", "Pink Siberian Tiger", "Khokhloma", "Scarlet Caravel F1", "Alyosha Popovich", "Altai Med", "Babushkino "," Siberian miracle "," Top model "and many others. Basically, these are varieties and hybrids of medium ripening.

Heat-resistant varieties of tomatoes

The selection of varieties should be no less careful for the southerners. Hot summer, especially in recent years, begins in spring, and gardeners are faced with the annoying fact - many varieties of tomatoes refuse to knit at temperatures above + 28 … + 30 ° С. Their pollen becomes sterile, loses its viability (fertilization does not occur, or it occurs, but only partial). The same problem overtakes the summer residents of the middle lane, when in the greenhouse culture the tomato gives passes.

What to do? First, you can try to help the plants with the help of agrotechnical methods: ventilate the greenhouses, shade the plantings, if the temperature does not drop below +18 ° C at night, water the beds in the evening. But it is more reliable to plant varieties with increased heat resistance, and, fortunately, there are more and more of them every year. They can also knit at a temperature of + 35 ° C (and above), which means that they cause fewer problems and hope for the harvest.

These include - "Parodist", "South Rock", "Heat-resistant", "Mandarin", hybrids - "Fantomas F1", "Aramis F1", "Friday F1", "Portland F1", etc. Many of them are also attractive and the fact that they tolerate well not only the high temperatures of summer, but also the instability of spring weather.

However, the variety description does not always indicate its attitude to unfavorable factors. Then you can rely on one more rule - to give preference to those varieties and hybrids that are able to tie the main brushes before the onset of heat and after it - early and late.

Super-early, early and mid-early tomatoes manage to bloom before the onset of extreme heat, in mid-late and late flowering falls on its decline. Since warm weather in the south often lasts until mid-late October, they manage to please with an excellent harvest.

The early varieties include "Agata", "Adeline", "Beefsteak", "Flash", "Volgograd pink", "Golden Fleece", "Lyana", "Novichok", "Sanka", hybrid "Harlequin F1" and many others. To the late ones - "Abakan pink", "American ribbed", "De barao giant", "De Barao gold", "De barao black", "Malinka", "Miracle of the market" … The choice is so great that you can find the preferred color, and a favorite shape, and the necessary taste of the fruit.

Tomato "Mandarin duck"
Tomato "Mandarin duck"
Tomato "Sanka"
Tomato "Sanka"
Tomato "Abakan pink"
Tomato "Abakan pink"

Recommendations for choosing tomato varieties

When choosing tomato seeds for planting this year, you should never rush - this culture is demanding to care for, and it is always a pity when time and effort is wasted. The first thing to start with is a site plan and at least an approximate calculation.

How much space will be allocated for tomato beds? What varieties do you want to grow this season - yellow, red, pink, green, blue, salad type, for conservation or universal, large-fruited, cocktail or cherry? Will these varieties be planted in a greenhouse or outdoors, in what quantity?

Next, you need to soberly assess the situation - how much time are you willing to devote to tomato beds? If a little, it is worth giving preference to determinant varieties that do not require shaping, and only a part of the tomatoes should be provided for a later harvest.

But it is worth considering that determinant tomatoes not only stop growing on their own, but also often have a friendly return of fruit, and not extended fruiting.

Finally, it is very important to familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the varieties and hybrids that you like. If you live in a climatic zone unfavorable for culture for one reason or another, be sure to take these features into account.

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