Table of contents:
- Food system for tomatoes
- Preparing the soil for seedlings
- Features of seed treatment before sowing
- Sowing tomatoes for seedlings
- The subtleties of the pick
- Top dressing for tomato seedlings
- Planting seedlings in open ground
- Flowering and fruiting of tomatoes
Video: Tomatoes - The Right Top Dressing From Seedling To Harvest
2023 Author: Ava Durham | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 07:13
Growing tomatoes is exciting and fun. Colorful packets of seeds simply hypnotize gardeners, forcing them to buy more and more new varieties. Tomatoes are early and not so, unthinkable colors, sizes, shapes, boggle the imagination and promise a huge harvest. But from a packet of seeds to beautiful and tasty tomatoes - the path is long and difficult. It is possible to significantly facilitate the process of growing tomatoes and ensure a good harvest with the help of the "Nutritional System for Tomatoes" complex from the "Buy Fertilizers" company. How - read in this article.
Food system for tomatoes
Growing tomatoes is a multi-step process, from seed treatment before sowing to fruiting. In each growing season, the plant requires certain nutrients. To help summer residents not to get confused in the names of fertilizers and not to miss the timing of their introduction, the company "Buyskie Fertilizers" has collected everything necessary for tomatoes in one set - "Power system for tomatoes". This is a complex of fertilizers that provides tomatoes with mineral nutrition throughout the growing season.
The system includes:
- Microfertilizers "Aquamix";
- Organomineral fertilizer "OMU Rost";
- Mineral dressing "Aquarine for seedlings";
- Organomineral fertilizer "OMU for tomatoes, peppers, eggplant";
- Mineral fertilizer "Vegetable Aquarin";
- "Magnesium sulfate";
- "Calcium nitrate".
The kit is accompanied by an instruction prepared by specialists, which explains in detail, but in a form accessible to every summer resident, how to use each of the drugs that make up the kit.
Preparing the soil for seedlings
For good growth and development of seedlings, high-quality soil with a full range of essential nutrients is required. Experienced gardeners and gardeners have long come up with a recipe for themselves (and each has his own) of the ideal soil. As a rule, such soil consists of garden, turf soil and compost or humus. But such a mixture needs disinfection and enrichment with useful substances.
To saturate the soil with all the necessary nutrients, use the OMU Growth organic fertilizer. Its composition is perfectly balanced: it contains not only nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium in optimal proportion, but also other nutrients in an easily accessible form. "OMU Growth" will help you prepare fertile soil for tomato seedlings, which will be the first step on the way to a good harvest.
For those who are not ready to engage in self-compilation of soil, there is a simple option - to use ready-made soil for growing seedlings. Soil mixtures from reliable producers, for example, "Magic Garden", have already been treated against all kinds of pathogens and are enriched with all macro- and microelements necessary for seedlings.
Features of seed treatment before sowing
Proper seed preparation is essential for healthy seedlings. By carefully reading the information on the package with seeds, you can find out if they have been treated with protective agents and growth stimulants. You don't need to do anything with these seeds.
Seeds collected with your own hands or bought "from hand" can be infected with fungal or bacterial diseases, so they must be processed before sowing. Soaking the seeds in aloe juice, diluted in half with water (soaking for 12-24 hours), or in a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate (holding for 15-20 minutes), you will significantly reduce the risk of infection of seedlings.
But to improve germination and obtain strong friendly shoots, it is recommended to soak tomato seeds in a stimulating solution before sowing. Vitamin complex of microelements "Aquamix" will accelerate germination and increase the resistance of seedlings to diseases literally from the first days of life.
Sowing tomatoes for seedlings
Fill clean containers prepared for tomato seedlings with prepared soil, level the surface and slightly compact. We draw grooves on the surface, spill them with water and lay seeds in them. The distance between the grooves is about 3 cm, between the seeds is 1.5 - 2 cm. Sprinkle the sown seeds with soil and cover the container with glass or foil. At a temperature of + 25 … + 27 degrees. Seedlings will appear in 3-4 days.
At first, the seedlings will need to maintain high humidity, so we do not completely remove the greenhouse, but provide air access and regular ventilation. Watering at this time should be very careful - we avoid overflows and do not allow the other extreme - drying out of the soil.
It is most convenient to water with a medical pear. Top dressing at the initial stage is not needed - the seedlings have enough nutrition from the soil. But it is necessary to think about lighting. Throughout the cultivation, tomato seedlings should not experience a lack of light, otherwise the plants will stretch out, will have a frail appearance and poor health.
The subtleties of the pick
The first true leaves of tomatoes appear 7-10 days after germination. If the seedlings were sown densely, then at this age it is already possible to plant the seedlings in pots. Gently, with a stick or a small fork, whichever is more convenient, we pick up the sprout, trying to grab a lump of earth and not injure the roots too much. By planting a plant in a glass, you can slightly deepen it. Tomatoes love it, because the stem, which is in the ground, will be covered with roots, which means that their root system will increase.
Many gardeners do not limit themselves to a single pick, but after a while they make another one. In this case, the first time they dive into 200 ml cups, and the second time they take pots of 0.5-1 liters each. And this makes a certain sense. A month and a half, the first flower brushes begin to appear in tomato seedlings, which means that after 10-14 days the plants need to be planted in a permanent place. If this is not done in due time, then you can forget about a good harvest.
Therefore, in the absence of normal weather conditions or for other reasons, when it is impossible to plant seedlings in the beds, transplanting in large containers is used. If the seedlings remain in bloom in small cups, the growth and development of plants will stop, and then no proper care will help them.
Top dressing for tomato seedlings
At the age of 4-5 true leaves, tomato seedlings should be fed. At the initial stage, it is very important to properly balance the nutrition so that the plant develops harmoniously. Before planting in the ground, plants need to build up a powerful root system, gain a fairly strong green mass, and prepare for flowering and fruiting.
Each growing period needs its own ratio of nutrients. By creating a complex mineral fertilizer "Aquarin for seedlings", the manufacturer has already taken care of everything. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (the main nutrients) are in the preparation in an ideal ratio of 13:41:13, corresponding to the beginning of growth. Iron, zinc, magnesium, boron and other essential substances, which are also included in the "Seedling Aquarium", ensure harmonious development of plants.
The advantage of the drug also lies in the fact that the microelements are in a chelated form and therefore are well absorbed by plants. With this tool, you can feed tomato seedlings before flowering, alternating root and foliar dressing.
Planting seedlings in open ground
By the time of planting in open ground, tomato seedlings should have a well-developed root system, powerful stems and leaves, and early ripe varieties should have buds. Planting is best done on a quiet, cloudy day. The distance between plants depends largely on the variety and the method of forming the bush, and responsible seed producers, as a rule, write about this on the packages.
For better survival of seedlings when planting, we recommend adding 20 g of complex organic fertilizer "OMU for tomatoes, peppers, eggplant" to the holes. The ideally balanced composition of the preparation (it contains all the necessary nutrients, as well as humic acids and bacteria) will help plants adapt to the environment faster, increase their resistance to diseases and difficult weather conditions.
This small dose will improve the structure and moisture permeability of the soil, which will have the most beneficial effect on plant development and further yield.
For the prevention of late blight, alternaria and other diseases, we recommend to carry out 2-3 preventive treatments with plant protection products (PPP) with an interval of 15-20 days.
Flowering and fruiting of tomatoes
10-14 days after planting seedlings in open ground, it is necessary to feed it. The main task of dressing at this stage is to stimulate flowering and help plants to set as many fruits as possible. "Buy Fertilizers" recommend using for these purposes "Vegetable Aquarin" and "Magnesium sulfate".
The chelated form allows young tomatoes to easily get the nutrition they need. This, in turn, strengthens plants, increases their resistance to diseases and weather disasters, and significantly improves the quality of fruits. The drug is intended for root and foliar dressing.
During fruiting, tomatoes are often affected by top rot. The reason usually lies in the lack of calcium in the soil or the impossibility of its assimilation by plants. If you have already encountered this nuisance in past seasons, do not wait for a repeat. When tying fruits, feed the tomatoes with a solution of "Vegetable Aquarin" 20 g and "Calcium nitrate" 10 g per bucket of water.
Dear Readers! One “Tomato Nutrition System” is designed for 10 m² of plantings, or about 40 plants. Competently drawn up instructions from specialists will help to correctly use each of the drugs at all stages of tomato development. Have a nice harvest!
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