Video: Loaches - Plants For Vertical Gardening
2023 Author: Ava Durham | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 07:13
In ornamental gardening, climbing or climbing plants make up a special group. They make it possible to conduct vertical gardening. They are used to decorate walls, gazebos, balconies, columns, fences, which greatly enriches the design of buildings and the entire garden space. Climbing plants are often used to hide outbuildings and all kinds of unsightly places.
Lianas are especially beautiful in an autumn colorful dress. Climbing plants do not require a large area, and old trees and all kinds of artificial supports can be used as supports for them. The direction of growth of vines must be thought out in advance, and also must be constantly adjusted with the beginning of spring growth. Climbing and climbing plants are found among perennials, annuals and woody species.
Annuals: sweet peas, dolichos, morning glory, kvamoklit, kobea, nasturtium (climbing forms), tunbergia, decorative pumpkin, Japanese hops.
Perennials: bryony, calistegia, clematis, common hops.
Vines: wisteria, honeysuckle, honeysuckle, kampsis, clematis, rose (climbing forms).
Not all plants, especially vines, are suitable for growing in our climate. Many do not hibernate, or hibernate only with shelter. Some perennials in our zone are grown in an annual culture, for example, climbing kobei. It received its name from the name of the Spanish naturalist V. Koba. Kobei flowers reminded the monk of the bells of his homeland, and he brought this vine from Mexico to Europe. Kobea (Cobaea csandens) is a luxurious 3-4 meter liana of the blue family, has delicate, complex-pinnate glossy leaves that adorn this plant very much. During the flowering period, large 6-8 cm bells appear, resembling New Year's toys, often of a purple or greenish-cream shade.
Liana braids a high arch (2.5 m high) in a short time. It is firmly held on any support thanks to the tenacious tendrils that look like compressed springs. The kobea blooms for a long time, almost until frost, although it does not have time to give seeds. The bell flowers open one after the other, and at first they are light green, and then they acquire a purple color. Only autumn frosts stop the powerful growth of this large and strong liana.
Sowing kobei is recommended to be done earlier, preferably in February. The seeds are large and sprout for a long time, almost 2 weeks, so it is good to soak them in a growth stimulator before sowing. Seedlings need to be cut open at the stage of the first leaf, planted in open ground in late May, early June, so as not to fall under the last frost. The feeding area for the kobei requires a large, therefore, the distance between the plants must be left at least 50-60 cm. The kobei also reconciles with partial shade, but in sunny places its flowering is more abundant. Kobeya is demanding on watering and feeding, which is not at all surprising with its huge leaf mass. Especially a lot of water is required on hot summer days. You have to water almost every day. You can feed the kobei with any complex mineral fertilizers, better soluble ones.
Like most deciduous plants, the kobea is attacked by sucking pests such as aphids and ticks. At the first signs of damage, it is recommended to treat the plants with Biotlin, Fitoverm. In the open field, you can try to save the kobei until next season. To do this, you need to cut off the aboveground mass and cover the root system. Kobei does not always overwinter, so it is better to stock up on seeds by the spring. There are few varieties of kobei - a few white (Wedding Bells, Jingle Bells) and purple Kalando. However, under different lighting conditions, cobei flowers give a lot of shades and transitions from lighter tones to intense ones. Recently, the kobei has become more and more popular among summer residents, since, thanks to its intensive growth, it is able to quickly decorate a large area, bloom for a long time and maintain decorativeness.
Another one-year-old liana, which has an intensive growth and blooms profusely, is morning glory. Its many beautiful flowers come in a wide variety of shades, but the most common are blues and pinks. Morning glory (Ipomoea) is a herbaceous annual liana of the Vyunkov family. Fast growing plant with long, slender stems. The flowers are funnel-shaped, large, on a short stalk, varieties with double flowers (bright pink with a white center "Lady Fleur", cherry "Lady Hamilton").
Today there is a huge selection of morning glory varieties. The grown plants are characterized by a varied shape and size of flowers, leaves, duration of flowering, and the time of flower opening. The finest mixtures of morning glory seeds can be purchased and the result is a riot of colors in the garden and on the balcony. The most famous and often cultivated species are: purple morning glory - "Cherry Shawl"; black "Gypsy"; morning glory tricolor - "Flying saucers" with huge striped blue-white flowers; pearly white "Pearl Gate"; magical morning glory "Pikoti blue" with a white border; new variety "Rosita" with red flowers that resemble stars; morning glory "Moonflower" - with fragrant large flowers that open only at night. Ipomoea blade "Mina Lobata" (stellate bindweed,Spanish flag) is characterized by numerous tubular inflorescences resembling a miniature banana; feathery kvamoklite (cypress liana) grade "Sparks" is a spectacular 2.5m liana with lacy pinnately dissected leaves, which change color by the end of summer. Flowers in the form of stars, white, pink, scarlet on long peduncles are not afraid of the wind and do not droop from the rain. It is not difficult to create gorgeous multi-colored screens with the Merry Gardener or Marzipan Stars mixtures of morning glory. No plant gives such a beautiful "green wall"!scarlet on long peduncles are not afraid of the wind and do not droop from the rain. It is not difficult to create gorgeous multi-colored screens with the Merry Gardener or Marzipan Stars mixtures of morning glory. No plant gives such a beautiful "green wall"!scarlet on long peduncles are not afraid of the wind and do not droop from the rain. It is not difficult to create gorgeous multi-colored screens with the Merry Gardener or Marzipan Stars mixtures of morning glory. No plant gives such a beautiful "green wall"!
The genus of morning glory has over 500 species, and the ancestor of garden forms of morning glory is the well-known weed - field bindweed, which is so difficult to get rid of. And this explains the vitality and unpretentiousness of the morning glory. Ipomoea is characterized by long flowering - from mid-summer to late autumn. The plant looks great after flowering, so it is often used to shade verandas and balconies. The popularity of the morning glory is due not only to its decorative effect, but also to its ease of care. It is better to propagate morning glory by direct sowing into the ground in a permanent place. Ipomoea can be sown before winter, correspondingly increasing the seeding rate. Seedlings grow very quickly, so it is better to immediately support them, pull a net or twine. It is important not to overfeed the plants with nitrogen fertilizers, to the detriment of flowering. In our zone, morning glory is rarely affected by pests,and it is quite resistant to diseases. Wild-growing ancestors - weeds - have an effect!
The genus of morning glory is so rich and diverse that it is difficult to highlight even a small part of it in a short article. Perennial morning glory - farbitis nil (Ipomoea nil), which has become a cult plant in Japan, deserves special attention. The Japanese call it asagao - "morning face" and have been breeding new varieties for several centuries. Every year, more and more unusual asagao novelties appear in Japan. Of our varieties, the bright red "Scarlet OˈHara" is known, a rapidly growing liana with very large flowers that open from early morning to noon. And there is also the sweet potato morning glory (Ipomoea batatas), better known as an edible plant, "sweet potato".
To make the garden look bright and stylish, you need to use climbing plants of different groups. Almost all types of climbing flowers are combined with decorative deciduous crops.
You can create a real green waterfall using dichondra ampelous, the numerous thin stems of which hang down for 2 or more meters. Dichondra ampelous is one of the best deciduous crops for hanging baskets and pots. For the unusual silvery color of the foliage, landscape designers highly appreciate it. It serves as an excellent background for bright flowering plants, retains its decorative effect during the entire growing period. Dichondra is a perennial plant, but it is grown as an annual due to its heat demand. Propagated by seed or cuttings. Seeds are sown for seedlings in February-March, lightly sprinkled with soil, moistened and covered with foil. At a constant temperature of 22-24 ° C, seedlings appear in a week. The silvery dichondra has green shoots. Plants grow slowly and reach maximum decorative effect in 3 months. Seedlings are planted in open ground in May. Dichondra is quite unpretentious and resistant to bad weather. Can withstand light frost down to -5 ° C. Grows well both in the sun and in partial shade. The plant is hygrophilous, responds well to spraying. To form a denser crown, it is recommended to prune the stems during the season and when transporting them for winter storage. In autumn, pots with dichondra can be brought indoors and stored at low temperatures until spring. In addition to placing dichondra in hanging baskets, dichondra is used as a ground cover crop. In autumn, pots with dichondra can be brought indoors and stored at low temperatures until spring. In addition to placing dichondra in hanging baskets, dichondra is used as a ground cover crop. In autumn, pots with dichondra can be brought indoors and stored at low temperatures until spring. Besides placing dichondra in hanging baskets, dichondra is used as a ground cover crop.
Agree that it is difficult to make a choice among such diverse and very beautiful climbing and ampelous plants. By choosing annual crops, we can change our balcony every year, create a new landscape in the garden.
Detailed information about the varieties and hybrids of the Gavrish company can be found on the website
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