What Kind Of Pet Hamster To Choose And How To Tame It? Types, Features, Photos

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What Kind Of Pet Hamster To Choose And How To Tame It? Types, Features, Photos
What Kind Of Pet Hamster To Choose And How To Tame It? Types, Features, Photos

Video: What Kind Of Pet Hamster To Choose And How To Tame It? Types, Features, Photos

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Of course, the most popular pets are dogs and cats. But their content is fraught with a number of responsibilities that not everyone is able to implement for various reasons. Therefore, many people choose other pets, such as hamsters, as an easier alternative. But hamsters also vary greatly depending on the species. And it can be difficult for newbies to determine if a particular hamster is suitable for children, does it get along well with other hamsters, and will interact with other pets that may already be living in the family? We will talk about how different types of hamsters differ in this article.

What kind of pet hamster to choose and how to tame it?
What kind of pet hamster to choose and how to tame it?

1. Syrian hamster

The Syrian (golden) hamster has the appearance of the typical hamster that many of us imagine it to be, and it is indeed the most common domestic hamster. Glory to this species was brought not only by its charming appearance, but also by the huge cheek pouches, which golden hamsters love to stuff. These rodents can grow up to 13-14 centimeters in length and are the largest of all hamster species. These hamsters weigh 100-125 grams. The typical color is golden brown with a white belly, but albinos and various variations of silver are also found.

The longest-haired representatives of the species are also often called "Angora hamsters", and the most spectacular coat is found in males. However, keeping "Angora" will be complicated by the need to take care of the fur and more carefully choose the filler.

Syrian hamsters are friendly and tend to interact with people, but not very sociable with other hamsters. That is, they are ideal for those who want to keep the animal in a single copy. This hamster species is nocturnal, so expect minimal activity during the day and liveliness in the evening and night. These animals live long enough for hamsters - 3-4 years.

Syrian hamster (golden hamster)
Syrian hamster (golden hamster)

2. Dzungarian hamster

Dzungarian (Russian dwarf) hamsters are tiny animals 7 to 9 centimeters long. The traditional color is shades of reddish-brown and almost black in the form of a bright stripe on the back. But, in addition to natural, there are three more decorative colors: pearl (white with a gray stripe on the back), tangerine (red) and sapphire (gray-white).

Dzungarian hamsters are very social and companionship is necessary for them. These small fluffy animals can exist with representatives of the same sex and the opposite. But with the latter, of course, they quickly begin to reproduce, starting from a very young age.

Another name for the Dzungarian hamster is "white Russian dwarf hamster", since it has a peculiarity - it changes the color of the coat from gray-brown to white with the onset of winter. But when kept in captivity, this is extremely rare. The life cycle is 2-2.5 years.

Dzungarian hamster (Russian pygmy hamster)
Dzungarian hamster (Russian pygmy hamster)

3. Campbell's hamster

This species of hamsters has three main colors: agouti (red & black); "Cinnamon", or sandy; and white (albino). The average life span of a Campbell hamster when kept at home is from 1.5 to 2 years. The average size of an individual is from 7 to 10 centimeters.

Campbell hamsters are very social and love to live in groups. If the hamsters meet at a fairly early age (up to 8 weeks), they will coexist harmoniously in a heterosexual mixed group. However, males and females are encouraged to be kept apart to control fertility.

Campbell's hamsters are nocturnal and crepuscular animals, so they are most active at night and at dawn. Due to the very large external similarity, there have been discussions for a long time whether Campbell's hamsters are a subspecies of the Dzungarian hamster. But today scientists have come to the conclusion that these are two independent species, which at the same time very easily interbreed with each other and bring viable offspring. It should be noted that this species is considered the most aggressive and independent, and not every individual can be easily tamed.

Campbell's Hamster
Campbell's Hamster

4. Chinese hamster

These hamsters are medium in size, ranging in length from 10 to 13 centimeters. Also known as striped, gray, or rat-tailed hamsters. Their nicknames speak for themselves, as these hamsters are often dark gray with dark stripes on the back and a longer tail compared to other hamster species. There is also a variety with white sides and a very narrow dark stripe on the back.

By nature, they are very nimble, they can climb well and jump quite high. They are nocturnal and are best kept away from other hamsters. Similar to Syrian hamsters, they are also ideal for those who want to keep a hamster without relatives. Life expectancy in captivity is 2-2.5 years, but some individuals of the Chinese hamster are also known that survived up to 4 years.

Chinese hamster
Chinese hamster

5. Roborovsky's hamster

It is also one of the smallest species of hamsters and, at the same time, Roborovsky hamster is rather rare as a pet. The body length of this hamster reaches only 4-5 centimeters, and the average weight is 30 grams. The color is mainly fawn, the legs are white, and above the eyes there are white "eyebrows" - swept away. At the same time, its color lacks a longitudinal dark stripe along the ridge, characteristic of many hamsters.

These small rodents are very sociable and friendly, often living in pairs or family groups. They are not afraid of people and easily become tame. However, at the same time, they are active and jumpy, so they are hardly the best option for families with small children, and they will also not be able to stay near other pets outside the cage. Life expectancy is 2 years.

Roborovsky's hamster
Roborovsky's hamster

How to tame a hamster?

Regardless of which hamster you like, it should be borne in mind that it will require daily attention and regular care. A hamster of any kind is easy to tame, but if you contact the animal only from time to time, then he will perceive you as a stranger, and when he tries to direct contact, he will begin to defend himself.

When you bring your hamster home, give it about a week to adjust to its new home before actively interacting with your pet. Place the cage in a location where the hamster can be near people, but not subject to excessive noise and curiosity from other pets (especially during the day when hamsters are mostly sleeping).

Taming a hamster takes time and patience. The key here is gaining your pet's trust so that he can make sure he has no reason to be afraid of you. The fact that the hamster is comfortable and rather relaxed is evidenced by the fact that he eats, drinks and plays in your presence. Then you can start spending more time near the cage and talk to him calmly so that he can get used to your voice.

After this step, you can move on to treats. Offer the hamster his favorite treat from your hands first through the cage wire rack. Then you can put the treat right next to the cage door. As soon as your hamster is interested in a treat, try sticking your hand inside the cage, but do not try to touch the animal, let your hamster come along to examine your hand.

Next, you can start hand training the hamster. To do this, try putting a treat in your hand so that the hamster has to climb onto it and get the food. As soon as the animal boldly does this, try to gently and slowly pull it out of the cage. The first few times your hamster will likely jump out of your hand, but be gentle and patient, and eventually your hamster will know that he is safe in your hands.

The time between the steps described can vary, especially depending on the species, age and personality of the animal. Your hamster may quickly come to terms with being taken out of his cage, or take treats straight from his hand, but it may well take even a month or more for him to relax and allow the owner to do so.

If your hamster bites you when you try to handle it, it doesn't mean that it is purposefully trying to hurt you. The hamster just felt threatened and his instinct kicked in. If this happens, try not to scream or make sudden movements with the hamster in your hands, otherwise he will become afraid of you. Instead, calmly place it back in its cage and wash the bite with soap and water.

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