Diseases Of Chickens - Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment. Photo

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Diseases Of Chickens - Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment. Photo
Diseases Of Chickens - Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment. Photo

Video: Diseases Of Chickens - Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment. Photo

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Video: Chicken 12 Diseases & Cure in English 2023, January
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In one summer season, you can raise two or three generations of broiler chickens or a generation of laying hens from chicks. But how upset it is when chickens or already adult birds get sick. Moreover, some viruses can destroy not one bird, but the entire livestock. To understand how to help your feathered pets, it is important to know the symptoms of a particular disease. Then it will be possible to determine how to treat them. And in order to prevent mortality among chickens, preventive measures must be taken. How to protect chickens and roosters from diseases and how to deal with them if they do happen, I will tell in the article.

Diseases of chickens - symptoms, prevention, treatment
Diseases of chickens - symptoms, prevention, treatment

Content:

  • Prevention of disease in chickens
  • What are chickens sick with?
  • Diseases of chickens and young animals
  • Infectious diseases of chickens
  • Non-communicable chicken diseases
  • Parasites and chickens

Prevention of disease in chickens

At an early age, chicks are very weak, they are more susceptible to disease. It is important to initially purchase healthy chicks, since sometimes already at this stage chicks weakened by some disease come across. If the chicken is lagging behind its peers in size, does not show activity, rolls its eyes, you do not need to buy such a bird. Choose sturdy chicks that don't have feces on their bodies and that look healthy.

It is best to buy chickens from a reliable producer, even if they are more expensive. Read reviews first. Find out how long the seller has been raising chickens, what people who have already dealt with the given breeder say.

If chicks are bought during the cold season, care should be taken not to catch cold on the way. For this, the chicks are planted in cardboard boxes, on the bottom of which hay or paper is laid. Holes are made in the boxes. After bringing the kids home, they need to be provided with everything they need by placing them in a warm room, where the temperature is + 32 … + 35 ° С. Over time, it is gradually reduced.

If you keep chickens right away in the hen house, then first it must be well disinfected in order to exclude infection of new pets.

So that the chickens do not get sick, for prophylaxis on the eighth day, each is given one drop of trivitamin.

What are chickens sick with?

But even if you bought visually absolutely healthy chickens, after a while you may notice that something is wrong with them. Most often, diseases in chickens arise from improper care and feeding. It is important to immediately identify them and start treatment.

Bronchopneumonia can occur due to hypothermia in chickens. Chicks often develop arthritis. If you notice that the limbs of the young are irregular in shape, there are thickenings, it means that an inflammatory process has begun in the joints. It happens due to violation of the rules and norms of feeding.

Avitaminosis is caused by an insufficient amount of minerals and vitamins in the feed of young animals. To avoid this, it is necessary to introduce greens, fresh vegetables, dairy products, vitamins and minerals into the diet of birds.

Conjunctivitis in chicks leads to inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes and "speaks" that their home has poor ventilation, high ammonia content.

Cloacal inflammation, or gastroenteritis, most often occurs due to unsanitary conditions in the house or unbalanced feed of chicks.

Chickens can also be annoyed by parasites. If you notice worms in the litter, then you need to give the chicks special means against these parasites. But in no case are anthelmintic drugs intended for people used. Veterinary stores have special preparations for animals.

Also, babies can be annoyed by fleas. To prevent this scourge, it is important to keep birds in a clean room, separate from chickens and roosters, which can be carriers of fleas. Also, place dry sand baths with wood ash in the chick room, where the chicks can take dry baths, and at the same time get rid of parasites. But you need to often change the contents of such baths.

So that chickens do not have a lack of vitamin D, with a free-range maintenance, the poultry house should be illuminated or at least provide a window in it
So that chickens do not have a lack of vitamin D, with a free-range maintenance, the poultry house should be illuminated or at least provide a window in it

Diseases of chickens and young animals

For the prevention of disease in mature and young chickens, it is important:

  • keep the chicken coop clean, clean it in time;
  • feed the birds with a balanced diet;
  • so that chickens do not have a lack of vitamin D, provide them with a walk in warm weather. In case of free-of-range maintenance, the poultry house should be supplemented, or at least provide a window in it.
  • if a bird is sick, it should be isolated from others as soon as possible and treatment should be started immediately.

All diseases of chickens can be divided into:

  • infectious;
  • non-infectious;
  • parasitic.

Next, we will consider each group of chicken diseases in more detail.

Infectious diseases of chickens

Colibacillosis

The causative agent of colibacillosis is Escherichia coli. It is worth worrying if the bird:

  • weak;
  • squats on its paws;
  • is thirsty;
  • eating poorly;
  • has severe indigestion.

This disease is treated with some antibiotics, such as biomycin. But remember that it is always better to invite a veterinarian if you suspect any disease of chickens to prescribe the necessary drugs. It is necessary to treat this disease as early as possible, since a person can also become infected with this disease from animals.

Pullorosis typhoid

This chicken disease is also dangerous not only for birds, but also for humans. Most often, young livestock becomes infected with it.

This is how this disease manifests itself. Young growth:

  • lethargic, passive, with drooping wings;
  • has an elevated temperature;
  • squeaks plaintively;
  • strays into a herd;
  • has frothy yellowish stools.

If such symptoms are found in a young hen or cockerel, they should be quickly isolated so that other birds do not become infected. Then their habitat is thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. For the treatment of this disease, biomycin, furazolidone are used.

Salmonellosis

Salmonellosis is another dangerous bird disease that can threaten humans. You can contract salmonellosis through contact with infected chickens, roosters, through eggs, droppings. How to tell if a chicken has salmonellosis? The answer to this question will be yes if the bird has:

  • intense thirst;
  • there is swelling of the paws and joints;
  • frothy bowel movements;
  • the peritoneum is inflamed;
  • purulent discharge from the eyes.

When examining such animals, the veterinarian can prescribe treatment with furazolidone for 20 days. And for 10 days the bird is given streptomycin. If there are signs of salmonellosis, the poultry house should be thoroughly disinfected, the rest of the chickens should be given chloramphenicol for prophylaxis for a week. To avoid contamination of chickens with salmonellosis, they are given injections using immune serum.

Swelling of the paws and joints is one of the symptoms of salmonellosis
Swelling of the paws and joints is one of the symptoms of salmonellosis

Pasteurellosis

Pasteurellosis often affects young chickens under the age of three months. Other birds and rodents can infect them with such a disease. In order to prevent this, it is necessary to carry out prophylaxis in time with the introduction of anti-cholera serum. If the first signs of pasteurellosis have been noticed in young animals, then they are treated with antibiotics.

Here are the signs that indicate the presence of such a disease in birds:

  • decreased appetite;
  • intense thirst appears;
  • discharge accumulates in the nose;
  • different parts of the head may swell.

Chicken pox

Chickenpox is spread by parasites, sick animals, insects. Signs of the disease are as follows:

  • pockmarks first appear yellow on parts of the head, gradually they turn brown;
  • the birds are weakening;
  • red spots appear on the skin.

If therapy is started immediately, then the bird can be helped. For this, a solution of furacilin or boric acid is taken. Using a cotton pad with gloved hands, you need to wipe the affected areas of the chicken's body with any of these means.

Also, the animal can be cured with antibiotics using a weekly course. A decoction of chamomile is also used. It is filtered and a small amount is carefully introduced into the bird's mouth using a syringe without a needle in order to disinfect the pharynx with a decoction.

Newcastle disease

Newcastle disease can destroy all livestock in a short time. The virus is transmitted from one bird to another. The clinical picture is the same in chickens and roosters:

  • decreased appetite;
  • coordination of movements is impaired;
  • lethargy appears;
  • the bird makes sounds like a crow's croaking.

Usually, when such a disease appears, the entire livestock is exterminated. In this case, the carcasses of birds are covered with lime or burned.

Lethargy and decreased appetite may be symptoms of Newcastle disease
Lethargy and decreased appetite may be symptoms of Newcastle disease

Non-communicable chicken diseases

Most often, non-communicable diseases of chickens occur due to improper diet or due to poor conditions of detention. So, goiter atony appears due to an unbalanced diet. At the same time, the poultry goiter becomes enlarged and hard. You can lightly massage this place, then drip a little vegetable oil into your mouth. Then again they do a light massage, the bird is turned upside down so that its contents come out of the goiter. Then a weak pale pink solution of potassium permanganate is poured into the chicken's mouth.

If the chicken has a fever, its paws twitch convulsively, there is no appetite, a hard stomach, the feces are liquid, they have undigested food residues, it may be dyspepsia. It arises from the introduction of roughage into the diet of young animals. If a bird is sick with dyspepsia, you need to add a little soda or a weak solution of potassium permanganate to the water, to water sick birds with such solutions. In addition, sick birds are given only easily digestible feed.

With gastroenteritis, there are similar symptoms, but the stools are foamy, have a pungent odor, and the scallop of chickens turns blue. For treatment, easily digestible food is also introduced, the animal is put on a semi-starvation diet, vitamins with minerals and trace elements are given, treated with laxatives and antibiotics.

If chickens or roosters catch a cold, they may develop bronchopneumonia. At the same time, mucus is released from the pharynx and nose, breathing becomes hoarse, the birds look depressed. Sick animals are treated with terramycin, penicillin, the chicken coop is well disinfected.

Sometimes chickens lay eggs without shells. This can be not only due to lack of calcium, but also due to inflammation of the oviduct. This disease is called salpingitis. Its treatment will be helped by the introduction of necessary vitamins into the bird's diet, proper feeding.

Eggs without shells can be the result of not only a lack of calcium, but also inflammation of the oviduct - salpingitis
Eggs without shells can be the result of not only a lack of calcium, but also inflammation of the oviduct - salpingitis

Parasites and chickens

Chickens also have worms. Moreover, they can easily be seen in the feces of birds. Chickens become lethargic, eat less. To combat worms, add 3 g of flubenvet per 1 kilogram of feed. The therapy is carried out within a week.

Poultry can also be attacked by lice, ticks, fleas. These insects are also dangerous in that they can be carriers of various diseases. Because of the chewing lice, some hens and roosters lose a significant part of their plumage.

If these insects are found, antiseptic treatment of the chicken coop should be carried out. The infected bird is sprayed with special spray preparations. It is important to cover the eyes and beaks of the animals to prevent insecticides from getting inside.

Special chemicals will also help with chicken fleas. But you need to use them strictly following the instructions. There are also folk remedies. This is, for example, ash. You need to pour it into trays or just on the ground, away from the chicken coop. Birds will take dry baths here, getting rid of fleas.

There are folk remedies that will disinfect poultry houses. Wormwood or tansy is poured with boiling water in a ratio of 1: 3, insisted for 12 hours, then the entire chicken coop is treated with this solution.

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