Arrowroot Is Very Hygrophilous, But Responsive To Home Care. Photo

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Arrowroot Is Very Hygrophilous, But Responsive To Home Care. Photo
Arrowroot Is Very Hygrophilous, But Responsive To Home Care. Photo

Video: Arrowroot Is Very Hygrophilous, But Responsive To Home Care. Photo

Video: Arrowroot Is Very Hygrophilous, But Responsive To Home Care. Photo
Video: How to prepare Arrowroot Powder at Home (Arrowroot Processing) 2023, December
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Feather-like patterns on large velvet leaves of arrowroot are the main, but not the only advantage of this plant. Demanding special moisture and careful care, arrowroot conquers with its details. The unfolding of luxurious large leaves from the tubes, the vivid reaction to changes in the environment, the unique textures make this plant special. Growing arrowroot is often discouraged by its high humidity requirements. But if you are not bothered by regular spraying and you can give the arrowroot the attention it needs, it will quickly become your favorite. Arrowroot is very responsive to care.

Arrowroot is very moisture-loving, but responsive to care
Arrowroot is very moisture-loving, but responsive to care

Content:

  • Description of the plant
  • Types of indoor arrowroot
  • Conditions for growing indoor arrowroot
  • Arrowroot care at home

Description of the plant

Arrowroot is so often confused with calatheas, and sometimes even with ktenants and stromanths, that the plant has almost lost its identity. Meanwhile, arrowroot is one of the most special tropical deciduous crops.

The arrowroot (Maranta) is often called the praying plant. It is truly one of the most sensitive cultures, constantly in motion, reacting to moisture and light. The arrowroot can be watched with interest all day. She received the nickname for her amazing talent: at night, in cloudy weather or in uncomfortable conditions, her usually horizontal or slightly inclined leaves, as if adorned with patterns, rise vertically.

These are perennial grasses with thickened tuberous rhizomes and jointed stems, famous for their oval-ovoid, very large leaves. In indoor conditions, arrowroots almost do not bloom.

Ideal elongated ovals of large arrowroot leaves unfold from “tubes” -wrapped sheaths, and the process of opening the plate seems fascinating. What can we say about the patterns that adorn the upper side of the leaf plates.

Feathery, interesting, symmetrical, with a play of veins and spots, folding into contrasting ornaments, the leaves seem surprisingly perfect. And the unique corduroy texture of the leaves only enhances their beauty. A muted, bluish purple on the reverse side is as if created by nature to shade this beauty.

Types of indoor arrowroot

Among the arrowroots, there are both fairly compact plants and giants - and not only in terms of leaf size. Plant heights range from 20 cm to more than one meter.

The most popular types of arrowroot include the following.

Arrowroot arrowroot (Maranta leuconeura, another popular variety of Maranta kerchoviana has also been included in this species) - a large-leaved species with contrasting patterns of light green spots along the central vein and chordate, thin whitish lines on watercolor emerald-dark green leaves.

Some of its forms and hybrid varieties with special shades of color are also popular:

  • Erythroneura with dark olive, almost brown leaves adorned with light green spots.
  • Massangeana with gray veins and spots on an olive-emerald background.
  • Fascinator with a play of light and dark green spots and red stripes.
  • Tricolor with amazing skeletal veins on tricolor leaves.

Crested arrowroot (Maranta cristata, synonym - Maranta bicolor) is a herbaceous species that does not form a tuber with wavy-oval leaves up to 15 cm long, on a muted medium-green surface of which, against a background of a dark spot, whitish veins spread.

Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea) is a large shrub species with tuberous roots and shoots up to 1 m in height, hidden under elongated ovoid leaves of a light green color up to 25 cm long.

Arrowroot (Maranta leuconeura), cultivar 'Tricolor'
Arrowroot (Maranta leuconeura), cultivar 'Tricolor'
Arrowroot (Maranta cristata, synonym - Maranta bicolor)
Arrowroot (Maranta cristata, synonym - Maranta bicolor)
Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea)
Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea)

Conditions for growing indoor arrowroot

For arrowroot, a flower showcase, florarium or an exhibition in a winter garden is considered ideal. But humidity and warmth can be found both in the bathroom and in living rooms - provided they are properly cared for.

This plant does not tolerate direct sun and thrives better in soft partial shade. Arrowroot does not have to be placed on window sills (and if it is, then on the northern ones). Areas with diffused penumbra not too distant from the windows are suitable. In strong shading and in bright light, patterns are lost. Arrowroot will not be able to light up slightly: if the plant is grown in artificial light, then constant, for 16 hours a day.

Arrowroot prefer extremely stable conditions. All year long, they need to maintain a constant temperature within the range of 18 to 25 degrees. During the period of active growth, it is better not to let the indicators fall below 20 degrees; in winter, arrowroots can withstand a short-term decrease to 15 degrees for air and 18 degrees for the substrate. This plant is extremely sensitive to drafts.

Arrowroot care at home

The difficulty of maintaining comfortable moisture for arrowroot makes it a plant not for everyone. Without experience, it is very difficult to satisfy all her whims and create comfortable conditions without flower showcases.

Watering and air humidity

Arrowroot is one of the plants that requires a radical change in watering strategies for the winter. During the active growing season, the plant is watered so that the soil always remains moderately moist, drying only the top layer and immediately after watering, draining excess water from the trays. For the winter, watering is reduced, allowing the substrate to dry out almost completely. They begin to reduce watering in September.

To care for arrowroots, you need not only soft, but also slightly lukewarm water - equal or slightly warmer than the air temperature in the room.

For all, without exception, arrowroot needs a very high humidity. Even if the indicators are average, the leaves of the plant will begin to lose their "shine" - their tips will still dry, the rates of development and "behavior" of the plant will change, the patterns will fade. The combination of heat and humidity for arrowroot is provided not only by spraying, but also by installing humidifiers. For spraying, you can use only warm water. Periodic warm shower is acceptable.

For arrowroot, platforms with diffused penumbra not too distant from the windows are suitable
For arrowroot, platforms with diffused penumbra not too distant from the windows are suitable

Top dressing and composition of fertilizers

For this plant, feeding is carried out all year round, but in winter - only to maintain the decorative effect of the leaves. From March to October, top dressing is carried out every 15-20 days, in winter - once every 45-50 days. If the growing season does not stop and new leaves grow even in winter, you can feed the arrowroot with the same frequency, simply by reducing the fertilizer concentration by half.

For arrowroot, special fertilizers for decorative leafy plants or special mixtures for arrowroots are more suitable. You can alternate mineral and organic feedings. The manufacturer's dosage is halved.

Pruning and replanting arrowroot

Young arrowroots seem to be one beautiful clump of leaves, but gradually their shoots lengthen and the plants become more and more spreading. Pinching and shortening is carried out at will, when individual shoots are knocked out of the bushes or the plant becomes too large. Pinching also prevents the bushes from falling apart as they age. It is better to remove sluggish, drying out, damaged leaves from the bush regularly.

Arrowroot is transplanted as it grows, when the need arises. The plants are transferred, laying a very high drainage (from 5 cm) on the bottom of the container.

Arrowroot can be grown both as a pot and ampelous plant. Bushes are constantly spreading out in breadth, shoots and leaves droop, creating fancy cushions, and many varieties look even better in hanging baskets. The main thing is that the diameter of the containers exceeds the depth and corresponds to the size of the plant, as well as the presence of drainage holes.

It is better to choose a substrate from special soil mixtures for arrowroot. A versatile weakly acidic substrate with additional loosening additives (needles, sphagnum, coarse sand, perlite) is also suitable.

Arrowroot leaves signal discomfort
Arrowroot leaves signal discomfort

Diseases, pests and problems in growing

Arrowroot often attracts aphids, spider mites and thrips. The inability to wash the leaves requires the immediate start of insecticide treatment.

The leaves of the plant signal discomfort. Most often, arrowroot leaves dry out and stains appear on them - with improper lighting, in dry air and problems with watering. But sometimes the shoots become soft, indicating an excess of fertilizer or dampness of the soil.

Reproduction and renewal of arrowroot

This plant can simply be divided into several bushes when transplanting or cuttings. Arrowroot cuttings root easily both in the substrate without a cap and in water. When separating, you need to act very carefully, trying not to damage the roots.

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