Partridges Are A Profitable Bird For Keeping On A Personal Farm. Content, Feeding, Photo

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Partridges Are A Profitable Bird For Keeping On A Personal Farm. Content, Feeding, Photo
Partridges Are A Profitable Bird For Keeping On A Personal Farm. Content, Feeding, Photo

Video: Partridges Are A Profitable Bird For Keeping On A Personal Farm. Content, Feeding, Photo

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Partridges are unique birds. Many species easily tolerate frosts down to -30 ° C, because in their natural habitats such a low temperature is not uncommon. Accordingly, it is possible to keep these birds in open poultry houses, significantly saving on the construction of a barn. It is easy to achieve excellent egg production from them, and the dietary meat of partridges is worthy of royal dishes. Partridges are unpretentious in food, and the time of puberty begins in them as early as a month and a half, from that time on, females can lay eggs. Having excellent immunity from nature, they get sick much less often than domestic ducks or chickens. How to keep partridges in the country, I will tell you in my article.

Partridges are a profitable bird for keeping on a personal farm
Partridges are a profitable bird for keeping on a personal farm

Content:

  • Types of partridges for breeding
  • Egg production of partridges
  • Feeding partridges
  • How to feed the chickens?
  • Content of partridges

Types of partridges for breeding

In the household, it is preferable to grow species of partridges that live in the wild in regions with similar climates. Such birds are perfectly adapted to habitat conditions, therefore they will bring a minimum of trouble to the poultry farmer.

Here are some of the best species of partridge for domestication:

  • white;
  • gray;
  • tundra;
  • stone, or keklik;
  • crowned;
  • long-billed;
  • shrub ordinary;
  • Madagascar.

Most often, in private households, gray and stone partridges are kept.

Some novice poultry farmers confuse partridges with quails. But these are different types of birds. Quails are more thermophilic, while partridges can live in colder conditions. Partridges are also larger than quails; they differ slightly in color.

As for the gray partridge, these birds have variegated feathers, legs and a dark beak. Females have slightly paler plumage than males. Males have a large dark brown spot on the breast.

The size of gray partridges varies between 28-32 cm. In nature, they feed on seeds and sometimes insects. Females emit characteristic clucking, and males reproduce a sound similar to a cock's cry.

Kekliki, or stone partridges are also an excellent breeding choice. They are also sometimes called mountain hens. These animals have a compact physique, a large head. There are several varieties of stone partridges, and the Asian and European partridges are most often used for domestic breeding.

Gray partridge
Gray partridge
Stone partridge
Stone partridge

Egg production of partridges

First of all, the poultry farmer, who decided to keep these birds, is faced with the question of where to buy partridges for breeding? It is best to purchase young growth in specialized farms that have proven themselves well. Experienced poultry farmers advise buying partridges at the age of one month, because at one and a half females will already begin to rush. If the owner has the necessary skills and conditions, then younger chicks can be purchased.

In nature, the duration of the laying period of partridges lasts 26 days and begins from the end of April. During this time, each female will bring about 15 eggs. In order for the ptarmigan to begin to rush in March, the daylight hours for them are increased to 15 hours in January. But it must be borne in mind that partridges, like quails, do not tolerate bright light. Therefore, poultry farmers use 50 W lamps, no higher.

In March, the daylight hours are artificially increased to 17 hours, then the partridges begin to rush. Under optimal conditions, house partridges lay eggs from March to June. During this period, each female can lay about 60 eggs.

Since partridges lay their eggs directly on the ground, you need to collect them on time. If the poultry farmer wants to breed partridges, then one male should be kept for 5 females. One or two hens are planted on the eggs. It should be borne in mind that usually females hatch eggs together with males, in turn. After 3 weeks, offspring will appear.

Adult partridges are fed twice a day - in the morning and in the afternoon
Adult partridges are fed twice a day - in the morning and in the afternoon

Feeding partridges

There is a special feed for partridges, but it is quite expensive, so in households, as a rule, they add other products to compound feed. It is mixed with wheat cake, oats, chopped corn. Other grains can be added. But it is better not to cook it, to give it raw, since the digestive system of partridges digests such food better.

In the diet of partridges, animal feed should also be present. Therefore, fish, meat flour, mealworms, meat treated with boiling water are added to the feed.

It's good if the partridges have a walk. Then, in the warm season, they will get themselves various insects, bugs, worms. So that these birds do not have a calcium deficiency, calcium gluconate and chalk are added to the dry mash. Instead, you can also use shredded shell rock. Also, partridges should periodically be given chopped root crops, fruits, nuts, seeds of berries and herbs.

The diet of partridges in the warm season is made in such a way that one individual receives food with a caloric value of about 300 Kcal per day, and in winter - 200 Kcal. The daily ration of one bird is 75-85 g of feed. In winter, it is mainly grains and compound feed, and in summer - juicy feed, greens.

An approximate grain mix for partridges might look like this:

  • wheat 35%;
  • corn 20%;
  • barley 20%;
  • just 10%;
  • sorghum 10%;
  • flax or oats 5%.

Of vegetables, it is preferable to give the partridges raw cabbage, sugar beets, carrots, boiled potatoes, beet tops. From green forage - alfalfa, clover. From berries - berries of mountain ash, viburnum, lingonberry.

Adult birds are fed twice a day - in the morning and in the afternoon.

During natural incubation of chicks, partridges are kept with their mother for several days, then they are transplanted into a separate cage
During natural incubation of chicks, partridges are kept with their mother for several days, then they are transplanted into a separate cage

How to feed the chickens?

Fertilized eggs can be hatched by the partridges themselves. But you can put the eggs of these birds under chickens or other poultry. And if the farm has an incubator, they use it.

With natural incubation, the chicks are kept with their mother for several days, then they are transplanted into a separate cage. Daily partridges are fed with chopped yolk. The egg is pre-boiled hard-boiled. On the second day, well-chopped nettle and finely crushed white bread in a small amount are added to such a yolk.

For 3-4 days, mealworms, maggots or undercooked, well-chopped lean meat can be put in bird feed.

Some poultry farmers manage to beat the flies and give this protein feed to young partridges. Also, by this age, the chicks are given chopped yarrow, dandelion, and some cabbage.

Chicks are fed 2 times a day. It is important to provide the youngsters with the necessary thermal conditions so that in the first week the ambient temperature is +34 ° С Then it is gradually lowered to + 25 ° C.

Interesting aviaries for partridges, made in the shape of a pyramid
Interesting aviaries for partridges, made in the shape of a pyramid

Content of partridges

Partridges can be kept in brooders, mesh enclosures, in sheds with walking. When the chicks are still small, if they are raised by a partridge mother, the family is placed in a warm room with diffused light. If an incubator is used, the chicks are raised in warm brooders.

When the young are fledged, they are moved to an aviary. Such a device can be rectangular. Aviaries made in the shape of a pyramid are interesting, they are spacious and take up little space. For pyramidal enclosures, a base is created from wooden slabs or from metal pipes so that it forms a frame in the form of a triangle. At the same time, at the top, these materials are well fastened, and at the bottom, metal pipes can be dug into the ground, wooden slabs can be fixed on a base of bars. From above, this structure is covered with a fine mesh. On one side, a poultry door is provided.

If it is planned to keep these birds in cages, then the floor here is made slightly with a slope and with cells of such a size that the eggs descend to the lower tier, roll down to the front wall, where there is also a net, but with smaller cells. It has bumpers. Here eggs can be collected.

If partridges are to be kept in the barn, hay should also be laid on its floor, and grass should be laid in summer. In this case, you can keep animals right in the barn or put cages with partridges in the barn.

In cage housing, a long rectangular feeder is attached to the outside of the lower part of the wall so that the birds can get food through the hole in the net.

Drinking bowls are also installed. You can make them yourself from plastic canisters. The main thing is that the partridges cannot overturn the drinker.

These birds rarely get sick, as they are naturally endowed with strong immunity. But at home, to strengthen it, the birds must be properly maintained and fed. Although they are adapted to the cold, they can catch colds. Therefore, it is necessary to arrange enclosures or cages in such a way that there are no drafts.

Dear Readers! Keeping partridges is very beneficial. Indeed, at low costs, you can get valuable products. One carcass costs about 1,300 rubles, and one egg costs about 13 rubles. Due to the fact that while the breeding of partridges is not massive, these products are in great demand on the market. Partridges grow up quickly, so during the summer cottage it is possible to grow adults from young animals, which can be useful not only for their own consumption, but also for sale.

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