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Video: Peacocks - Features Of Keeping In The Household. Necessary Conditions, Nutrition, Reproduction. Photo
Peacocks are beautiful and graceful birds. They are considered a symbol of luxury and wealth. No wonder they are called firebirds! At the mention of peacocks, pictures of castles, the possessions of the padishahs, where these beautiful birds roam … When the male spreads his tail, it is difficult to tear himself away from such a sight! But did you know that peacocks can be kept even in the country? They can be bred for sale. Some keep these birds for meat or decorative feathers, which can also be sold.
- For beauty or food?
- Where to keep peacocks?
- Feeding peacocks
- Getting offspring
- Peacock diseases
For beauty or food?
Breeding peacocks in our country is still considered an exotic activity. Therefore, the price of animal products obtained in such farms is high. Now an adult costs between 15-20 thousand rubles. The price for a one-year-old bird is about 4 thousand. Hatching eggs can be sold for 100-500 rubles.
Peacocks can be bred for the exotic, so that firebirds live in the backyard. But aesthetic pleasure can be combined with financial, selling adult peacocks, young animals, eggs.
The beautiful peacock's tail, which is actually the uppertail, is only found in males. Females-pea, have more modest plumage. And large feathers from the peacock's tail will disappear by themselves, in the fall, when the male will molt. So there is no need for humane poultry houses to slaughter a bird for beautiful feathers.
In the distant past, peacock carcasses were supplied only to the table of the nobility. The meat of these birds was used to prepare gourmet dishes. But gradually in Europe, peacocks were supplanted by the turkey. Therefore, they began to be kept mainly for beauty, and not for food.
Peacock meat is still considered a delicacy today. It is more dietary than turkey because it contains less fat. The meat of young birds is most valued.
Initially, it is better to purchase peacocks in reliable specialized farms in your area in order to buy healthy individuals adapted to the conditions of a particular region.
Where to keep peacocks?
Experienced breeders claim that peacocks get along well with any poultry, especially if they grew up together. Therefore, it is more advisable to keep the young in the same house so that representatives of different species get used to each other.
In the warm season, it is better to keep the peacocks free-range. To do this, it is necessary to enclose the allocated space with rather high fences so that peacocks do not fly over to neighbors. In the place of walking, they make high perches, on which these birds love to rest. It is important that there are no small objects in the place where the peacocks are walking, which they can swallow, thereby harming themselves.
Peacocks are tame birds, especially if they were obtained by incubation. These animals are happy to accept food in the form of seeds from people. Very winged pets love slices of white bread and cheese, which are a treat for them.
In their behavior, peacocks are more like domestic cats or dogs than chickens and turkeys. But unlike these four-legged pets, firebirds cannot be stroked with your palms. Here people have fatty secretions that naturally remain on the feathers of birds. Then the peacocks-neat for a long time put them in order. You can stroke the peacocks with the back of your hand or with your hands in fabric gloves.
If from morning to evening in warm weather the birds walk, then they need to spend the night in a barn or in an aviary. Here you need to make high perches, on which peacocks climb to rest. In winter, they need a closed containment room. When there is no frost and strong winds, these birds are released to graze for a short time. They walk on the snow in the enclosure, as they have high frost resistance (up to -25 ° C).
From a young age, peacocks quickly get used to certain foods they are fed. If the breeder then wants to introduce a new menu, the birds can refuse it. Therefore, from an early age, you need to make the feeding of peacocks varied.
For the first 7 days, the hatched peacock are fed with chopped hard-boiled eggs. To increase the survival rate of young animals, from the third day the babies are given finely chopped green onions, mixing them with eggs.
A little chopped boiled meat, fermented milk and dairy products are introduced into the diet of 2-week-old individuals. At the age of one month, peacocks can already eat wet mash and mixed feed for adult birds.
It is necessary that peacocks always have water, including when walking. But their food, as a rule, is always in the pen, where, when hungry, the birds can go and eat.
Adult peacocks are fed 2 times a day, during the breeding season - 3 times. But during the first 15 days of life, young animals are fed 10 times a day, then 7 times, gradually reducing the number of meals to 2 x 3 at two months of age.
The food in adult peacocks is almost the same as that of ordinary poultry. In summer, grass makes up most of the diet. Therefore, it is beneficial to release firebirds for walking this time of year. They will eat not only grass, but also various insects, thereby helping a person to fight pests of the garden and vegetable garden.
In winter, green forage will be replaced by cabbage, which is relatively inexpensive. And if it is grown in its own garden, then, in general, it will be free feeding. The peacocks' menu also includes cereals. Mostly it is wheat. But you can also give them compound feed. Compound feed for quails is perfect for peacocks.
In the autumn-winter period, the following daily menu is recommended for one peacock:
- 50 g of chopped corn;
- 40 g chopped alfalfa;
- 90 g flour mixtures or chopped wheat;
- 40 g oats;
- 50 g of root vegetables;
- 50 g of fruits and vegetables.
The diet of these birds should contain mineral additives in the form of wood ash, chalk, and fine gravel. Also, a little table salt is added to the food of these birds.
Since the breeding season begins in the spring of firebirds, more proteins are introduced into their food at this time. Then the diet of one bird may consist of:
- 100 g boiled potatoes;
- 200 g protein feed (dairy products);
- 70 g of juicy green feed;
- 50 g herbal flour.
Also, birds need to be given some animal feed during this period. These can be earthworms.
The average lifespan of peacocks in captivity is 20 years, and they reach sexual maturity at 2 years. It is easy to determine by the male. It grows long beautiful feathers in the tail. By this time, he becomes more active. You can watch his interesting dances, so the male attracts the female.
Pava herself is an excellent mother. She incubates eggs, then rears her chicks. Females begin to rush in April. If you do not take the eggs, then the pava can sit on the nest. If the owner decides to place the eggs in the incubator, then 2-3 pieces should be left in the nest so that the females continue to lay here.
Nests are organized in a dry, warm house. For season 1, the female can lay up to 30 eggs.
When the babies hatch, at the age of one week they can already be released for short walks, but only if the weather is warm and dry. Under such conditions, from this age, they gradually begin to increase the duration of the stay of young animals in the fresh air. Small peacocks at this age are similar to chickens, but of a larger size.
For babies to hatch from eggs, one male is needed for 4-5 females. The poultry house where such families are kept should be spacious. One individual needs at least 2.5 m² of area.
With improper care, feeding, maintenance, with the appearance of other adverse factors, peacocks can get sick. These birds do not have very strong immunity, so they need to be monitored especially carefully.
Four times a year, they are given anthelmintic drugs to expel parasites from their bodies. The poultry farmer can do this himself. Such drugs as "Fenbedazol", "Ivermectin" are very popular.
If the bird has become lethargic, refuses to feed, it has diarrhea, it looks unhealthy, then the first step is to isolate it from other birds and call a veterinarian. The peacock is not cheap, so it is advisable to use the help of a specialist when signs of a disease appear.
The poultry house must be thoroughly disinfected to prevent the spread of infection. The cleanliness of this room is also maintained for preventive purposes.
Dear Readers! Peacocks are birds that require extra attention. They do not have very strong immunity. But subject to all the necessary standards of maintenance, feeding, you can grow firebirds, which will delight you with their beauty for a long time and become your favorite pets!