Breeding Pheasants Is Simple, Profitable And Interesting. Types, Content, Nutrition. Photo

Table of contents:

Breeding Pheasants Is Simple, Profitable And Interesting. Types, Content, Nutrition. Photo
Breeding Pheasants Is Simple, Profitable And Interesting. Types, Content, Nutrition. Photo

Video: Breeding Pheasants Is Simple, Profitable And Interesting. Types, Content, Nutrition. Photo

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: How To Raise Your Own Pheasants 2023, January
Anonim

Pheasant breeding is a promising direction of poultry farming. Pheasants can be kept all year round on open ranges even in the middle lane, which is very convenient, because there is no need to build capital sheds. In food, these birds are picky, even, one might say, omnivores. Not only meat is popular, but also pheasant feathers, from which they make decorations, and from the fluff they make flies for fishing. Some restaurants try to attract visitors with exotic dishes, so they willingly buy pheasant carcasses from farmers. This bird is also in demand in hunting grounds. In general, pheasants will decorate any poultry house, and their meat is considered a delicacy.

Breeding pheasants - simple, profitable, interesting
Breeding pheasants - simple, profitable, interesting

Content:

  • Pheasant breeds for breeding
  • Aviary or pheasant aviary
  • How to feed pheasants?
  • The appearance of young animals and their care

Pheasant breeds for breeding

Not everyone knows that the Fazanov family includes not only pheasants, but also black grouse, turkeys, partridges. All these birds are “relatives” to each other. The genus Pheasant includes two species - the green (Japanese) and common pheasant. The latter is more popular for home breeding.

The meat of common pheasants resembles guinea fowl or chicken. The length of females reaches 60 cm, and their weight is up to 1.5 kg. Males are slightly heavier. They weigh about 2 kg, and their height is up to 80 cm. These birds have beautiful plumage, the head is motley, multi-colored.

If you want to breed pheasants for beauty, pay attention to the “Golden” breed. But these birds need to be kept separate from other pheasants. However, golden pheasants get along well with pigeons and peacocks.

Common pheasant
Common pheasant
Pheasant "Golden"
Pheasant "Golden"

Aviary or pheasant aviary

During the mating period, pheasants are divided into families, which are isolated from each other. One family consists of a male and 2-3 females. During this period, at least 2 m² of area is required for one bird in the pen.

If pheasants are bred in a flock, then they need even more space - for one head about 5 m². Pheasants tolerate negative temperatures well, so they build spacious covered (to prevent precipitation from getting inside) enclosures, fenced with a net.

The height of such structures is about 2 m or the height of a person, so that it is convenient for the poultry house to enter here. But if possible, it is better to make the enclosures a little higher so that the birds use the vertical space.

As for ornamental pheasants, they are more thermophilic than other species. For exotic breeds, you need to make an insulated wooden shed. An open-air cage, covered with a net on all sides, should adjoin it, where decorative pheasants can walk in warm weather.

In the poultry house at a height of 1-1.5 m from the ground, they make a kind of wide perches. To do this, it is good to use sawed trees with a not very thick trunk, fix them in aviaries so that these winged animals feel like they are in the wild.

It is important that the aviary is protected from all sides (predatory animals do not penetrate, and pheasants cannot fly out). These birds, unlike domestic chickens, once released, do not rush home. Pheasants are still considered only conventionally domesticated. If a pheasant flew out of the enclosure, it is almost impossible to catch it in order to return it back.

It is important that the pheasant enclosure is protected from all sides
It is important that the pheasant enclosure is protected from all sides

How to feed pheasants?

Adult birds are given food 2-3 times a day. The diet should contain cereals to a greater extent - these are wheat, oats, barley, and crushed corn. Pheasants are also happy to eat seeds and grass during the warm season. With pleasure, these birds consume kitchen waste. If you have soup, porridge, bread left, the birds will eat all this.

You can feed pheasants and compound feed. But since it is quite expensive, it is more advisable to make mash-ups of compound feed with grain. In order for pheasants to grow well, it is better to use compound feed for turkeys or broilers.

If you decide to feed pheasants with compound feed, then about 75-110 g is needed per bird per day. With the onset of autumn until spring, the rate of compound feed is slightly reduced - 75 g per day is enough for one bird. But at this time, pheasants are fed with minced meat, cottage cheese, sometimes root vegetables, sprouted oats are given. At the end of January, the birds are preparing for breeding, then one individual is given 85 g of compound feed and mineral supplements in the form of chalk and shells, as well as boiled potatoes and carrots.

In March, the feeding rates increase even more - each individual needs 110 g of compound feed, 3 g of chalk and 5 g of vegetable oil per day.

To save on compound feed, you can compose a "menu" for pheasants from:

  • compound feed;
  • wheat grains;
  • millet;
  • barley;
  • peas, other chopped legumes;
  • cottage cheese;
  • food waste;
  • insects;
  • vegetables;
  • greenery;
  • fish oil.

You can add berries, chalk, vegetable oil to the diet of pheasants. In winter, add 2 g of ascorbic acid and "Trivitamin" to 0.5 kg of feed. During this period, pheasants molt. Therefore, they need to provide limestone, chalk, shells. These additives will also make the egg shells harder.

Periodically, fish and animal flour, pine needle flour, and plant shivers are added to the diet of these birds. These foods are additional sources of vitamins for pheasants.

In summer, 30-40% of their food can be grass. They are also fed with mashed fruits and vegetables - pears, apples, cabbage.

As mentioned above, pheasants are almost omnivorous. But you cannot give them food:

  • millet;
  • potato peel;
  • Rye bread;
  • a very wet mash;
  • fried food;
  • salty food;
  • large sunflower and pumpkin seeds.
Pheasants are almost omnivorous
Pheasants are almost omnivorous

The appearance of young animals and their care

Pheasants begin to rush from mid-April. From this time of year, eggs can be collected and then placed under the females. Some poultry farmers use an incubator to breed pheasants.

After 25 days, a pheasant will emerge from the egg. If the chicks were brought out by a brood hen, after they hatched, the babies are transferred to another, warmer room. But so that the pheasant does not leave the nest, one chick is left. When the rest are dry in the heat, they are returned to the hen again.

Such a family must be isolated so that the mother and the cubs live in a wooden box, the size of which is 40x40x50 cm. A double door is made in it. The first consists of a lattice, it closes so that the brood hen does not leave the nest. Here they put food and drink for her. And the second door is wooden, it is necessary to close this box with it in bad weather and at night. This “house” is attached to an individual paddock for chicks to walk here. When they are 2 weeks old, you can let the kids go for a walk.

Eating small pheasants should be high in protein. Therefore, they must be fed with compound feed for broiler chickens, which contains 24% of this substance. But it is even better to use compound feed for broiler turkeys, in which 28% protein. For the first two weeks, the young are fed every 2 hours.

After two weeks, you can gradually introduce finely chopped greens into the diet of young animals - nettle and dandelion, as well as oatmeal, barley chopped, and crushed corn. But porridge is made from these cereals. Sometimes young animals are given yogurt, which has a positive effect on the intestines of chickens. Also, meat and fish flour, a little lean meat, and feed yeast are added to the diet.

Gradually, by two weeks, the frequency of feeding is reduced to 7 times a day. With such a frequency per day, pheasants feed up to two months of age. From this time, up to three months, young animals are fed 4-5 times a day. When the birds are 90 days old, they are fed like adult pheasants three times a day.

If you feed the young animals intensively, then they can be ready for slaughter already at the age of 3 months. On a regular diet, pheasants gain the necessary weight at 5 months. One female can lay 30 eggs per season, of which almost the same number of pheasants will hatch.

Popular by topic